Vacuum Tubes Valves
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Metal Detector Circuits
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Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
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Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
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Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
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Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
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Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Power Supply Circuits
AC-DC & DC-DC Circuits
AC-DC & DC-DC Circuits
Variable 3 - 24 Volt / 3 Amp Power Supply circuit
This regulated power supply can be adjusted from 3 to 25 volts and is current limited to 2 amps as shown, but may be increased to 3 amps or more by selecting a smaller current sense resistor (0.3 ohm). The 2N3055 and 2N3053 transistors should be mounted on suitable heat sinks and the current sense resistor should be rated at 3 watts or more....
Variable Voltage and Current Power Supply circuit
Another method of using opamps to regulate a power supply is shown. The power transformer requires an additional winding to supply the op-amps with a bipolar voltage (+/- 8 volts), and the negative voltage is also used to generate a reference voltage below ground so that the output voltage can be adjusted all the way down to 0. Current limiting...
9 Volt 2 Ampere DC Power Supply Circuit
There is little to be said about this circuit. All the work is done by the regulator. The 7809 can deliver up to 2 amps continuous output whilst maintaining a low noise and very well regulated supply. The circuit will work without the extra components, but for reverse polarity protection a 1N5400 diode (D1) is provided at the input, extra...
Adjustable Current Limit For Dual Power Supply circuit
This current-limiting circuit, shown in this example as part of a small bench power supply, could in principle be used in conjunction with any dual-rail current source. The part of the circuit to the left of the diagram limits the current at the input to the dual voltage regulator (IC4 to IC7) so that it is safely protected against overload. The...
Quad Power Supply For Hybrid Amplifier circuit
This power supply was designed for use with the ˜Simple hybrid amp published elsewhere in this issue. It is of course suitable for use in other applications as well. We ve used a cascade generator for the 170 V, a switch mode supply for the 16 V, a series regulator for the 12 V and a separate transformer for the 6.3 V filament supply. We ve...
Stablised Power Supply With Short-Circuit Indication circuit
Here is an efficient 4-stage stabilised power supply unit for testing electronic circuits. It provides well regulated and stabilised output, which is essential for most electronic circuits to give proper results. The circuit provides an audio-visual indication if there is a short circuit in the PCB under test, so the power supply to the circuit...
Transformerless 5 Volt Power Supply circuit
An increasing number of appliances draw a very small current from the power supply. If you need to design a mains powered device, you could generally choose between a linear and a switch-mode power supply. However, what if the appliance`s total power consumption is very small Transformer-based power supplies are bulky, while the switchers are gen
Variable Dc Power Supply circuit
This circuit is not an absolute novelty, but it is simple, reliable, "rugged" and short-proof, featuring variable voltage up to 24V and variable current limiting up to 2A. You can adapt it to your own requirements as explained in the notes below..
DC to DC Converter circuit
The circuit is a DC to DC converter using a standard 12 VAC center tapped power transformer wired as a blocking oscillator. The circuit is not very efficient but will produce a high voltage usable for low power applications. The input battery voltage is raised by a factor of across the transformer and further raised by a voltage tripler...
AC to AC Power Supplies and Transformer Circuits
Active amplified transformer isolated signal splitter that enables hum-free connection of1-guitar to more than1-amp as well as having a direct output Transformers for Audio Interfacing: Discussion on using audio transformers in equipment interconnections, read also Line-level transformers in High-End Audio
power supply for inductive loads
Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) Schematic
This circuit will provide electric power from a backup battery when AC power is cut, always providing a clean 5V power supply for sensitive equipment like microcontrollers and logic circuits. The value of C1 is to be higher than 220 µF. The bigger the capacitance of this capacitor, the more power you can deliver to your circuits. The 9. 6 V NiMh Ba
Build an Experimenters Power Supply
Note the incoming ac routed to the primary terminals on a 12. 6-volt transformer. The hot side of the ac is connected through a fuse and a single-pole single-throw (SPST) toggle switch. With the switch in the OFF (open) position, the transformer receives no power so the supply is off. The 117 VAC is stepped down to about 12. 6 volts. The...
Variable High Voltage Power Supply
With just a few parts from old microwave ovens, TV sets, and an oil burner, you can build an affordable instrument for whatever you wish to snap, crackle, or pop! The key component is the voltage multiplier, which I covered in the High Voltage Multiplier instructable. Build it first, then drop it into this project for a variable output. Mains...
Gel electrophoresis power supply
In previous Instructables tutorials we have described how to make equipment used for DNA electrophoresis and imaging. These include a mini-gel electro..
Bank Harmonic Filters Operation in Power Supply System Cases Studies
The vertical line indicates the instance of the 5th harmonic filter connection Figure 3. Diagram of the power system with the designed group of single-tuned filters for system with DC drive supplied by 6-pulse controlled rectifier:PN = 22kW, UN = 440V, IN = 56, 2A, J = 2, 7kgm2, Rt = 0, 465 ©, Lt = 15, 345mH, nN = 1500 r/min, k = 2, 62 .
ISL62386 High-Efficiency Quad Output System Power Supply Controller for Notebook Computers
The ISL62386 controller generates supply voltages for battery-powered systems. The ISL62386 includes two pulse-width modulation (PWM) controllers, adjustable from 0. 6V to 5. 5V, and two linear regulators, LDO5 and LDO3, that generate a fixed 5V output and a fixed 3. 3V output respectively. Each can deliver up to 100mA. The Channel 2 switching...
ISL62382C High-Efficiency Quad or Triple-Output System Power Supply Controller for Notebook Computers
The ISL62381, ISL62382, ISL62383, ISL62381C, ISL62382C and ISL62383C family of controllers generate supply voltages for battery-powered systems. These controllers include two pulse-width modulation (PWM) controllers, adjustable from 0. 6V to 5. 5V, and two linear regulators, LDO5 and LDO3, that generate a fixed 5V and an adjustable output...
Complete Ar/Kr Ion Laser Power Supply Schematics
Complete Ar/Kr Ion Laser Power Supply Schematics
The circuit is split into two sections: the isolated external loop which is connected to the remote interface connector on the front of the PSU and the non-isolated inner loop which is connected to the HT (AC line) supply. The two loops are linked by opto-couplers OK1 and OK2. Initially the outer loop is inactive and all regulation takes place wit
Complete SS Laser Power Supply Schematics
This chapter contains circuit diagrams for several power supplies for pulsed solid state lasers. These include units suitable for driving the popular Hughes ruby and YAG rangefinder laser assemblies as well, one using the flash from a disposable pocket camera, and a high energy flashlamp power supply for that 8 inch long surplus NOVA laser rod you
5A Lab Power Supply With Digital Readout
A used 250VA power transformer that was removed from equipment a couple of weeks ago. The transformer has a dual 10V AC output and a few auxiliary voltage outputs. The 10V winding is rated at 10A, I thought it would be perfect for a high current power supply project. For this particular build, I used the reference design for LM338 5A adjustable...
48v phantom microphone power supply
48 V phantom` powering has become the standard for professional condenser microphones. The supply (or rather bias) voltage is applied over both wires of the balanced screened cable via two 6k8 resistors (see reference ) the absolute value is not critical, since a variation of ±20% is permitted, but they must be matched to an accuracy of 0.
5V Power Supply For On-Train Radio Camera
A radio camera on a model railway should transmit constantly while the train is moving and continue transmitting for a few minutes after the train stops. But if the train starts up again after a relatively long halt, imagery should be transmitted immediately. Consequently, the power source for the camera cannot be rechargeable batteries (since the
5V Regulated Power SupplyCircuit
This circuit is a small +5V power supply, which is useful when experimenting with digital electronics. Small inexpensive wall tranformers with variable output voltage are available from any electronics shop and supermarket. Those transformers are easily available, but usually their voltage regulation is very poor, which makes then not very usable
7.2V Battery Replacement Power Supply For Camcorders
This circuit lets an external 12V SLA battery power a camcorder which normally has an inbuilt 7. 2V battery. Such batteries can now be very difficult or expensive to obtain for earlier model camcorders. In essence, the circuit is a standard LM317 adjustable regulator with resistors R1 & R2 set to provide 7. 2V (depending on the accuracy of the...
Adjustable Current Limit For Dual Power Supply
This current-limiting circuit, shown in this example as part of a small bench power supply, could in principle be used in conjunction with any dual-rail current source. The part of the circuit to the left of the diagram limits the current at the input to the dual voltage regulator (IC4 to IC7) so that it is safely protected against overload. The c
Battery Replacement Power Supply
Your child`s battery toy has failed and you have to fix it. Once you have managed to get it apart, the battery compartment is not likely to be connected to the works or the batteries might have gone flat anyway. The solution is this switchable supply which is designed to replace from one to six dry cells. It is not intended to replace the batterie
Inductorless 3-5 Volts Converter
By configuring a comparator and a transistor to control the oscillator in a charge pump circuit, you enable the pump to generate a regulated output of in principle any desired value. Charge pump ICs can either invert or double an input voltage (for example, 3 V to 3 V or 3 V to 6 V). The charge pump itself does not regulate the output voltage a
Power Supply For USB Devices
More and more equipment is sold that runs off internal rechargeable batteries. Although a matching charger is usually supplied in the package, there are also devices that can only be charged via a USB port. That is not surprising in the case of USB MP3 players, which have to dock` in the PC anyway for some time for the purpose of file transferring
Quad Power Supply For Hybrid Amplifier
This power supply was designed for use with the Simple hybrid amp` published elsewhere in this issue. It is of course suitable for use in other applications as well. We`ve used a cascade generator for the 170 V, a switch mode supply for the 16 V, a series regulator for the 12 V and a separate transformer for the 6. 3 V filament supply. We`ve chosen
Soft Start For Switching Power Supply
Switching power supply whose output voltage is appreciably lower than its input voltage has an interesting property: the current drawn by it is smaller than its output current. However, the input power (UI) is, of course, greater than the output power. There is another aspect that needs to be watched: when the input voltage at switch-on is too low
Free Energy Circuits
Battery Charger Circuits
Solar Cell Circuits
Current Limiting Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
High Voltage Circuits
Switching Power Supply Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial