Posted on Aug 20, 2012 8438
This circuit will not work unless the battery to be charged is connected with proper polarity. The battery voltage controls the charger and when the battery is fully charged, the charger will not supply current to the battery. The battery charging the current is obtained through the SCR when it is triggered into the conducting state by the UJT relaxation oscillator.
The oscillator is only activated when the battery voltage is low. V8281 of the UJT is derived from the voltage of the battery to be charged, and since Vp= Vn= V8281 ; the higher V828" the higher Vp. When Vp exceeds the breakdown voltage of the zener diode Zl, the UJT will cease to fire and the SCR will not conduct. This indicates that the battery has attained its desired charge as set by R2.