Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Power Supply Circuits
Power Supply Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
Battery Charger Circuits
AC-DC & DC-DC Circuits
Solar Cell Circuits
Current Limiting Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
High Voltage Circuits
Switching Power Supply Circuits
Efficient nickel-cadmium battery charger IC LTC1148 circuit
Efficient nickel-cadmium battery charger IC (LTC1148) circuit
East Shi IDS-2000F STB switching power supply circuit
East Shi IDS-2000F STB switching power supply circuit East Shi IDS -2000F STB switching power supply circuit mainly by the AC input circuit, switching oscillation circuit, outp
Days to TN-1 Intelligent negative pulse charging circuit
Days to TN-1 Intelligent negative pulse charging circuit Is a day to TN-I intelligent negative pulse charging circuit. This charger is the main part of the typical half-bridge
220V 12V 150W switching power supply circuit diagram
Electrical equipment supplied to a power supply circuit design power section, as shown below:
Digital Cameras -DV machine power supply circuit
Digital Cameras -DV machine power supply circuit It shows a digital camera/DV machine power supply circuit, the circuit MAX1800 chip to control the core. The figure shows that
15V TOP224Y 2A DC output switching power supply circuit
Constituted by a 15V TOP224Y, 2A output DC switching power supply circuit shown in FIG. Using three integrated circuits: ICl is a monolithic regulator TOP224Y, IC2 is optocoupl
Computer memory power supply circuit NCP5201
Computer memory power supply circuit (NCP5201) It shows a typical computer memory power supply circuit. The circuit is a dual-output circuit, NCP5201 power management chip,
Switching Regulator with L4972A
The LA9472A is a 2A monolithic step down switching regulator operating in continuous mode and realized in a new BCD technology allowing the integration of isolated, vertical DMOS power transistors with mixed CMOS/bipolar transistors. The device can deliver 2A at an output voltage adjustable from 5.1V to 40V and contains diagnostic and control...
Fast charge Controller with MAX712 / MAX713
The MAX712 and MAX713 are nickel cadmium (Ni-Cd) battery fast charge controllers which will fast charge batteries from a DC source at least 1V higher than the maximum battery voltage. 1 to 16 series cells can be charged at rates up to 4C. A voltage-slope detecting analogue-to-digital converter, timer, and temperature window comparator determine...
Free Power Generator Circuit
You need free power? This schematic transforms the surrounding radio waves to usable current. The levels of power can be stepped up by using more diodes. The critical points in this device are first the type of diodes and second the antenna construction. The more diodes the more power out! And guess what, no ground needed..
Wind battery Charger
The dc motor is used as a generator with the voltage output being proportional to its rpm. The LTC1042 monitors the voltage output and provides the following control functions. If generator voltage output is below 13.8 V, the control circuit is active and the Ni-Cad battery is charging through the LM334 current source. The lead acid battery is...
Solar cell battery charger circuit
The circuit charges a 9-V battery at about 30 mA per input ampere at 0.4 V. Ul, a quad Schmitt trigger, operate as an astable multivibrator to drive push-pull TMOS devices Ql and Q2. Power for Ul is derived from the 9-V battery via D4; power for Ql and Q2 is supplied by the solar cell. The multivibrator frequency, determined by R2-C1, is set to...
Anti-RF filtered power supply 12-14 Volt / 3A
This power supply is dedicated for use with rf equipments like, linear amplifiers, transmitters, receivers, and in every application that clean an-noisy signal is required. The circuit is very simple and you can drive it with a 220V/18V/3A transformer at the pins 1and 2.
Ni-Cd Baterry Charger 12-18V
A clever charger circuit that safely can charge any Ni-Cd battery. Offers charge current sellection, polarization detection and protection and the ability to connect many batterys in siries. Ni-Cd bateries can be recharged more than 1000 times before become useless. the charging current shoud be the 1/10 of the (Ah) of the battery. The bateries...
Rapid battery charger
Rectified and filtered voltage from the 24 Vac transformer is applied to the LM723 voltage regulator and the npn pass transistor set up for constant current supply. The 470 ohm resistor limits trickle current until the momentary pushbutton (S2) is depressed, the SCR turns on and current flows through the previously determined resistor network...
Charger circuit V
The charger is based on a charging voltage of 2.4 V per cell, in accordance with most manufacturers' recommendations. The circuit pulses the battery under charge with 14.4 V (6 cells ? 2.4 V per cell) at a rate of 120 Hz. The design provides current limiting to protect the charger's internal components while limiting the charging rate to prevent...
Battery charger with LM317
An LM317 voltage regulator is configured as a constant-current source. It is used to supply the 50 mA charging current to S01-S06, an array of AA-cell battery holders. Each of the battery holders is wired in series with an LED and its associated shunt resistor. When the battery holder contains a battery, the LED glows during charging. Each...
Heavy duty battery charger
Operation amplifier A1 directly drives the VN64GA with the error signal to control the output voltage. Peak rectifier Dl, CI supplies error amplifier A1 and the reference zener. This extra drive voltage must exceed its source voltage by several volts for the VN64GA to pass full load current. The output voltage is pulsating dc which is quite...
AC bridge using LF356
The circuit provides a simple and cost-effective solution to matching resistors and capacitors. Impedances ZR and Zx form a half-bridge, while OSC and OSC excite the bridge differentially. The external op amp is a FET input amplifier (LF356) with very low input bias current on the order of 30 pA (typical). CI allows ac coupling by blocking the...
The transistor is connected as an audio oscillator, using an audio transformer in the collector. The secondary goes to a linear pot.
Over-voltage protection circuit
A silicon-controlled rectifier is installed in parallel with the 12-V line and connected to a normally-closed 12-V relay, K1. The SCR's gate circuit is used to sample the applied voltage. As long as the applied voltage stays below a given value, SCR1 remains off and Kl's contacts remain closed, thereby supplying power to the load. When the...
This circuit provides on/off switching, soft starting, current monitoring, current tripping, and protection against overcurrent for a 30 Vdc power supply at normal load currents up to 2 A. The switch is turned on by an "on" command pulse; it is turned off by an "off" command pulse. An overcurrent trip can also be set on the bus side by a 6-digit...
Switch mode power supply
This buck-derived circuit provides up to 8 A at 5 Vdc operating off 24 to 32 Vdc. The two power MOSFETs in the circuit conduct alternately for equal periods. Switching frequency is 150 kHz, set by the PWM125 controller. Output of the two MOSFETs is transformed to a low-voltage level, then rectified. Efficiency of the circuit is 75% when operated...
400-Volt 60-watt push-pull power supply
The design delivers a regulated 400-V, 60-W output. The TL494 switching regulator governs the operating frequency and regulates output voltage. Rl and Cl determine switching frequency, which is approximately 0.SRCâ€”100 kHz for the values shown. The TL494 directly drives the FET's gates with a voltage-controlled, pulse-width-modulated signal....
Off-line flyback regulator
This circuit uses a low-cost feedback scheme in which the dc voltage developed from the primary-side control winding is sensed by the UC1842 error amplifier. Load regulation is therefore dependent on the jcoupling between secondary and control windings, and on transformer leakage inductance.
Simple high-volt supply
A light dimmer, a 1 Âµf capacitor and a 12 V car ignition coil form the simple line powered HV generator. The current in the dimmer is shown in Fig. B. At times tp t2, set by the dimmer switch, the inner triac of the dimmer switches on, and a very high and very fast current pulse charges the capacitor through the primary of the induction coil....
High voltage supply
A 6 V battery can provide 100-150 Vdc center-tapped at a high internal impedance (not dangerous though it can inflict an unpleasant jolt). A 6.3 V transformer is connected ' 'in reverse'' with a transistor used in a Hartley oscillator configuration. The frequency of operation may be controlled by varying the value of the 10 ohm resistor.
Power supply monitor
This circuit uses a tricolor LED display to indicate acceptable and unacceptable output voltages. One to set the upper voltage limit, the other, the lower voltage limit. When the monitored voltage is above the set maximum, the LED display turns red. Yellow turns On for voltages below the set minimum, and green turns on for voltages between the...
Microprocessor power supply watchdog
The circuit monitors the input to the microprocessor 5 V regulated supply for voltage drops and initiates a reset sequence before supply regulation is lost. In operation, the resistor capacitor combination Rs and Cj form a short time constant smoothing network for the output of the fullwave bridge rectifier. An approximately triangular, voltage...
Bipolar power supply for battery instruments
To generate regulated Â± 5-V supplies from a pair of dry batteries, the circuit of Fig. 1 is commonly used. In order to give protection from inadvertent reverse connection of a battery, a diode in series with each battery would produce an unacceptable voltage drop. The more effective approach is to fit diodes Dl and D2 as shown in Fig. 2, in...
Power Mosfet Inverter
This inverter can deliver .high-voltage ac or de, with a rectifier and filter, up to several hundred volts. The secondary and primary of T1-a 12.6 to 440 V power transformer, respectively-are reversed; e.g., the primary becomes the secondary and the secondary becomes the primary. Transistors Q1 and Q2 can be any power FET.
Low Power consumption 5V regulator circuit
The special feature of the circuit shown below is the low consumption. With voltage n 9 at the entrance and no exit load, absorbs current 50 ma, which is certainly very small compared with a quiescent current 78L05. The components that comprise it are scarce. Just a reference voltage source, formed by the T1 and the IC 1 and an amplifier...
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial