Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Power Supply Circuits
Solar Cell Circuits
Solar Cell Circuits
MCP1640 5V step up from 4V solar cells
Solar/battery powered FSK transmiter regarding power supply section, including battery management. My main goal is to charge battery and supply power to the transmitter over day via solar cells and use battery over night and during low light periods. Since I have access to relatively cheap 4V 100mA (under lo
SOLAR BATTERY CHARGER CIRCUIT WITH OVER CHARGE PROTECTION
The ultimate source of energy is Sun. it is possible to generate current from sunlight using solar panels. These panels convert light energy into electrical energy. A solar panel consisting of a number of solar cells, which will produce a small amount of current but a bunch of solar cells may contribute enough energy to power a house hold item.
Portable Battery Charger Using Renewable Energy Sources like Solar or Wind Project
Every innovations starts from a simple day to day life problem like you watching IPL in TV and suddenly the current shuts off, fortunately you will find another way to watch the match via mobile network. Similarly, I too had faced a problem of frequent drains in mobile battery while travelling There are many innovative projects on wind powered mob
Street Light Solar Panels Using A Maximum Peak Power Tracker
Solar Controller Charger Regulator Circuit
LED3X Solar Tracker Assembly
The above table is useful to determine the capabilities of the MOSFETs for the various versions. However, the connectors I have used on the LED3X "c" series is not rated for such high currents on a continuous basis. The connector is technically rated for 7 amps continuous. I find that 10 amps is not to excessive if done intermittently and much hig
Solar Water Heating Pump Controller
A solar water heating pump controller is a key component in most solar water heating systems (DIY or otherwise). The controller is there to turn the pump on when the fluid in the solar panel is hotter than the water in the hot water tank (or swimming pool), and keep it turned off at all other times. First of all, it is worth noting that there are
Solar iPod Charger
A solar charger for an iPod is no more difficult than making our Solar battery charger. Built in iPod batteries are 3. 7 Volts with the capacity (measured in mAh) dependent on the type of iPod - e. g. 1, 200mAh for a 2nd Gen, 850mAh for a 3rd Gen, 500mAh for the Mini iPod, and 400mAh for the Nano. In our instructions for making a solar battery...
Voltage Doubler for Solar Battery Charger
Appetizer Solar-Powered BEAM Robot
A light-seeking solar-powered tiny robot based on a BEAM design. Article includes pictures, links, a video, and a schematic..
Circuit to Measure Power Supply Voltages
To obtain the power supply graphs on the previous page, I didn`t stand outside for two days straight measuring the power sources with a voltmeter. Instead, the circuit itself is able to independently monitor the power sources with the addition of a few resistors. Although diode D3 allows the solar panel voltage to charge the batteries, measuring t
Solar Charging and Switching Circuit for Outdoor Sculpture Installation
Water-soluble poly(34-ethylenedioxythiophene)/nano-crystalline TiO2 heterojunction solar cells
SCC2 10 Amp Solar Charge Controller
The SCC2 is a solar charge controller, its function is to regulate the power flowing from a photovoltaic panel into a rechargeable battery. It features easy setup with one potentiometer for the float voltage adjustment, an equalize function for periodic overcharging, and automatic temperature compensation for better charging over a range of...
Solar automatic tracking controller circuit diagram
There are 2 kinds of solar automatic tracking controllers. One is Schmitt trigger light control composed of a light sensor and a Schmitt trigger or monostable trigger. The second one is usingtwo light sensors and two comparators to form two light-control motors and controlforeward and reversing. As throughout the year, the strength of the sun in...
DIY Solar Birdhouse Light
This solar birdhouse light is an economical circuit of a mini solar lighting system circuit is presented here. At the heart of the circuit is a mini 6V/2W solar panel. Here, this solar panel is used to charge a 4V/800mAh rechargeable battery through a charge current limiter circuit built around an adjustable 3-pin regulator LM317T (IC1)....
Outdoor Garden Solar Lights circuit
This Outdoor LED Solar Garden Lights project is a hobby circuit of an automatic garden light using a LDR and 6V/5W solar panel. During day time, the internal rechargeable 6 Volt SLA battery receives charging current from the connected solar panel through polariy protection diode D9 and current limiting resistor R10. If ambient light is normal,...
Voltage regulator is connected across solar-cell away as shown to prevent damage to storage battery by overcharging. Series diode prevents array from discharging battery during hours of darkness. Regulator does not draw power from battery, except for very low current used for voltage sampling. Battery can be lead-calcium, gelled-electrolyte, or...
Solar Battery Charger Circuits
This is the most simple and affordable solar battery charger that the hobbyist can make. It has a few drawbacks over other similar controls, but offers numerous advantages. It is intended for charging lead-acid batteries, but may also be used for charging any battery at a constant voltage. Voltage output is adjustable.Advantages & Disadvantages...
Solar Powered Cell Phone Charger
The simple circuit below regulates the voltage from a 6v solar panel to a fixed +5v. That voltage can be fed to any cell phone or USB connected portable device, to charge its battery. The circuit uses a Reg113-5 voltage regulator from Texas Instruments. The tiny device can handle up to 400ma of charging current. I would suggest using a solar...
Solar Automation Switch Hardware
This is the main building block of the home automation system. My goal here was to design one circuit board that could be customized for different functions by selectively populating the board, adding daughter boards, and changing the software. Currently, this board is used to implement the functionality of a network connected light switch, a ther
Solar Top Robot
SUN TRACKER HITEC SERVO ACTUATOR CONTROLLING ALIGNMENT SOLAR WING PANELS
The giant (by radio control standards) servos above are shown adjacent to a Nokia 3310 mobile phone to give an idea of the scale. The arms are 12cm long - perfect for lifting a bank of solar panels (wing). Our local Model Aerodrome in Seaside Road, Eastbourne, supplied these beauties, taking the trouble to source one unit from afar - not the kind
LOW COST SOLAR RADIO SPECTROGRAPH
The analog interface is a very simple analog to digital converter which accepts the analog video output of the RF/IF board and puts it into a form that can be read by a PC Games port. The joystick input of the games port essentially converts a resistance in the range 0 to 100k ohms into a binary number from 0 to 255. The interface transistor looks
Solar Panel Testing Shunt Schematic
Solar Charger Build
Whatever past project these were used in obviously required three cells to be wired in parallel with a rather large (4700 uF) capacitor on a perf board. There were 13 of these board assemblies, for a total of 39 solar cells and 13 capacitors (not to mention the 13 perf boards themselves). The cells themselves are about 2. 25 inches square, and...
Solar charging a Nokia N95
One of the coolest parts of working on the Yahoo Purple Pedals project was figuring out how we could get the bikes as far off the grid as possible. Once we decided on using the N95 as the brain for the bikes, we had to figure out how much juice it takes to run the code, how often the code was going to run, and how we could prevent our users...
Free Energy Circuits
Battery Charger Circuits
AC-DC & DC-DC Circuits
Current Limiting Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
High Voltage Circuits
Switching Power Supply Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial