High quality FM transmitter
Posted on Oct 30, 2012 6790
Under: FM Transmitter Circuits
This will probably be one of the last transmitters for the 88MHz to 108MHz band. This particular TX is of special interest to those wishing to build low power Power Amplifiers for the VHF bands since it used impedance matching, power amplifier and antenna filtering, all of which should be used by radio constructors, whether it be for amateur radio or any other form of radio. The features of this project are: Higher output power - 150mW min (at 9v) and 300mW+ (at 12.5v). Very pure output signal due to carefull design and filtering. VARICAP modulation - possiblity to add a synthesiser. Single sided Printed Circuit Board, only 40mm x 72mm. Covers the domestic FM band - 88MHz to 108MHz. Easy to build, but coil winding experience IS required.
Click here to download the full size of the above Circuit.
The circuit itself is fairly conventional, with a couple of small refinements. It all begins with TR1 (BC547) in an inverted Hartley oscillator configuration. The feedback to the Base of TR1 is via a small 4.7pf capacitor to help keep the oscillations as weak as possible whilst allowing the oscillator to be a reliable starter. The frequency of the oscillator is determined by L1 and the 22pf trimmer capacitor and functions in the range of about 76MHz to 119MHz using the PCB I have made. The 15pf capacitor couples the top of L1 to the varicap diode which serves to add more capacitance to the tuned circuit to alter the frequency. R1 adds the supply voltage to the varicap, with a little noise decoupling (the 0.1uf capacitor). If you are to use synthesiser control then it is important to remove R1 from the circuit, then connect the synthesiser loop filter output to the terminal marked "Ctrl". Audio is coupled to the BB105 via a 47K resistor. There is only 47pf of decoupling in order not to restrict the AF bandwidth of the complete transmitter. The AF bandwidth is flat from 3Hz to about 72KHz, but if we look beyond these limits, there is an increase of +6dB at DC. This is because the two 47K resistors divide the AF input voltage by 2, but at DC the 0.1uf capacitor has time to charge, the two 47K resistors do not therefore divide. TR2 (BC547) is both biassed and directly connected to the Emitter of TR1, which is a little...