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FM Transmitter

  Page 3

In a frequency modulation (FM) transmitter, it is added by varying the radio signal's frequency slightly. Many other types of modulation are used.

In an FM (frequency modulation) transmitter the frequency of the carrier is varied by the audio signal. Angle modulation is the proper term for modulation by changing the instantaneous frequency or phase of the carrier signal. FM transmitters can be stereo as well and using a PLL tunning circuit you can achive a stable audio transmition on FM band.
 
True FM and phase modulation are the most commonly employed forms of analogue angle modulation. Direct FM (true Frequency modulation) is where the frequency of an oscillator is altered to impose the modulation upon the carrier wave. This can be done by using a voltage-controlled capacitor (Varicap diode) in a crystal-controlled oscillator or frequency synthesiser.
The frequency of the oscillator is then multiplied up using a frequency multiplier stage, or is translated upwards using a mixing stage, to the output frequency of the transmitter.
 
 In some indirect FM solid state circuits, an RF drive is applied to the base of a transistor. The tank circuit (LC), connected to the collector via a capacitor, contains a pair of varicap diodes. As the voltage applied to the varicaps is changed, the phase shift of the output will change.