Transceiver for 20 m band

Posted on May 26, 2012

The transceiver is composed by three single sided printed boards 100x70 mm, theese may be stacked so as to reduce the overall size of the metal cabinet. I suggest to employ small size components (1/4 W resistors, 2,5 mm capacitors, ) wich should fit better on the PCB boards. On the front panel you may place the tuning pot with its reductor gear, the gain and volume controls, the Key and earphone jacks. The power and antenna connectors may be housed on the back panel. The basic version makes use of a Colpitts fet oscillator and a buffer (2N2222) driving the RX and TX circuits.

Transceiver for 20 m band
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Transceiver for 20 m band - image 1
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It works very well up to 7 or 8 Mhz, above this limit the stability may be impaired, therefore if you want to adapt this transceiver for a high-bands use (this is the case of 14 MHz band), it will be better to choose the conversion VFO version, wich makes use of the whole PCB board. You may shift from a version to the other simply by changing the connection of the C5 capacitor. The basic circuit version doesn't use the conversion components (located in the lower part of the schematic) Where specified, the capacitors must be NPO type. The tuning coil must be wound very carefully. A multi-turn pot may be employed for the tune control, but this will make the building of a frequency reading scale more difficult. The L1 coil for the 14 Mhz band is made by 50 turns of enameled 0.40 mm wire wrapped on a 13 mm plexiglass core. The specified component values allow a frequency span of about 70 KHz (from 2,433 to 2,510 Mhz) and the output level will be 4V pp. The two varactor diodes contained in the BB204 must be parallel connected. The L2 and L3 coils for the 14 Mhz band are obtained wrapping 12 turns of 0.50 mm enameled wire on a toroidal core T44-2. The link on L2 is made by 3 turns of plastic insulated wire.

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