Vacuum Tubes Valves
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Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Surveillance Bug Circuits
FM Micro-Transmitter Bug Surveillance Circuit
The transmitter we recommend to build is quite simple. It can even be built by a beginner. However, unlike the ease of construction and its small size, it is almost certain that it will impress you with its outstanding performance. Its autonomy is 12-15 hours, with a 9 volt battery and its range is from 100 to 300 meters depending on the...
Key Code Combination High Security Door Lock
This project is an electronic lock with many combinations that you can easily change and opens only with the correct combination of four consecutive numbers. The big advantage of the electronic lock is that the four numbers must be entered in the correct order one after the other. If a number is wrong then the circuit automatically resets to its...
DBS-20-type leakage protection circuit
DBS-20-type leakage protection circuit
HD a 3A limit energy-saving three-phase power protection circuit
Current Transformer H11-3 need be made. Choose not less than 2W transformer core, the first secondary winding. With µ0.12mm enameled wire around 1000 turns. Primary use µ1 ~ 4m
Current leakage protection circuit
Current leakage protection is currently the most used and best leakage protection device. Current leakage protector fork into electromagnetic and electronic two, two leakage pr
Rain alarm schematic circuit diagram
FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram of it, it is in the audio circuit from the resistance between the two leads to a probe to rain alarm. Fig. 2 with CCL to make a probe connected to t
Fire Alarm schematic design
Explanation Here is a simple fire alarm circuit based on an LDR fire detection sensor. Smoke generated during circuit generates an audible alarm, fire smoke in case of fire. Al
Structure and working principles of various protective circuit diagram e
Due to the different circumstances of the various input signals, when the pin is applied between the abnormal voltage, protection circuits to form a circuit path from while LSI
Telephone electronic lock circuit
Electronic lock using the telephone key (resistor connected plug) is inserted after the oscillator circuit start-up circuit, and the oscillation frequency is accurate or not to
Door alarm circuit with a time of recognition NE555
Door alarm here with a time recognition, the owner opened the door is normally open the door, open the door to complete the action within the general 30s, so it does not alarm,
A resistor-capacitor circuit protection thyristor
Diode and thyristor can withstand over-current and over-voltage of poor, short-term over-voltage over-current will damage the components, but can not complete the full potentia
Break burglar alarm circuit II
Ding for the circuit principle: care, vs SCR trigger grounded, it is in the off state. When someone leads A burglar broke, the SCR trigger end to give a trigger voltage is turn
A third harmonic current phase protection circuits
Figure 4-27 (b) line than in Figure 4-27 (a) line more than a capacitor, to improve and increase the output current waveform DC voltage. Figure 4-27 (b) line shown can be used
Amplifier input signal overdrive auto-protection
That circuit protects the overdriven signals going into an amplifier. Instead of a zener diode we use a transistor. That way we ensure that the above the ordinary input voltages ( 1 volt r.m.s.) can be acheaved without distortion. Also the use of a transistor limits the number of components used in this schematic.
Three-dial combination lock
Here's an effective little combination lock that you can put together in one evening's time. To open the lock, simply dial in the correct combination on the three rotary or thumbwheel switches. With the correct combination entered, current flows through Rl into Ql's gate terminal, causing the SCR to latch in a conductive state. This sends a...
The circuit generates a warble-tone alarm signal that simulates the sound of a British police siren. IC1 is wired as an alarm generator and IC2 is wired as a 1 Hz astable multivibrator. The output of IC2 is used to frequency modulate IC1 via R5.
Electronic combination lock
When button S12 (#) is pressed, a positive voltage fed through Rl appears at the base of transistor Ql, turning it on. When Ql is conducting, pin 1 of Ul is brought to ground 0ow) or the battery's negative terminal. With pin 1 low, two things occur: Pin 8 of Ul goes high ( + 9 volts dc), turning on LED 1â€”indicating that the circuit has been...
Battery-powered fence charger
In essence, the circuit is nothing more than an auto ignition coil and a set of points which accomplishes the same thing. A pulsing circuit made from a single CMOS NOR integrated circuit (Ul), opens and closes the relay contacts to simulate the action of the original breaker points. The relay pulser is divided into two clocking functions. The...
LF or HF field strength meter
CI and LI resonate on the 1750 meter band, with coverage from 150 kHz to 500 kHz. LI can be slug-tuned for 160-to-190 kHz coverage alone or a 2.5 mH choke can be used for LI, if desired, using CI for tuning. A 1N270 germanium diode rectifies the RF signal and C2 is charged at the peak RF level. This dc level is amplified by an LM358. The gain is...
Overvoltage protection circuit
The silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) is rated to handle at least the current of the power supply. It is connected in parallel across the 12 V dc output lines, but remains inert until a voltage appears at the gate terminal. This triggering voltage is supplied by the zener diode. At potentials less than 14 V the zener will not conduct current....
Electronic ship siren
The circuit consists of a multivibrator (Ql & Q2), and a low power output stage Q3. The speaker should have an impedance in the region of 40 to 80 ohms. To use a low impedance speaker, connect an output transformer from the emitter of Q3 to ground. Cl and C2 determine the pitch of the siren and the values specified will provide a tone of about...
The push button and potentiometer initiate a time delay that turns a light on then automatically turns it off again after a predetermined time. The potentiometer can be set for a delay of a few seconds to just under three minutes. When the push-button switch SW2 is pressed, capacitor Cl gets charged through D5 to the full dc voltage developed by...
This circuit checks the reliability of appliances so that the equipment may be used safely. The test circuit must be plugged into a properly wired three terminal wall outlet. When a two-lead or three-lead appliance is plugged into circuit outlet SOI, neon lamps NE1 and NE2 will light if the appliance is safe
The single-chip, burglar -alarm circuit shown uses a dual 556 timer, draws 10 mA of standby current, and generates a pulsing alarm signal that conserves battery energy. Once activated, the alarm wilLremain on, independent of the subsequent state of any of the sensors. The sensors support both deferred and immediate-action modes. You can...
False alarms produced by semiconductor failure are impossible with this burglar-alarm circuit equipped with relays. What"s more, the circuit is virtually immune to false triggering. With a standby current of less than 0.1 mA, the circuit offers all the features an alarm needs: entry and exit delays, a timed alarm period, and automatic reset...
The heart of the circuit is a 555 oscillator /timer, Ul, configured for monostable operation. The output of Ul at pin 3 is tied to the gate of SCRl. As long as Sl-S5, which are connected to the trigger input of Ul, are open, the circuit remains in the ready state, and does not trigger SCRl into conduction. Because the relay is not energized,...
The tracer, consisting of both a transmitter and receiver, is designed to follow a closed-loop wire or cable system. It follows an induced voltage path created by feeding a low-current, audio-frequency signal through the cable. When the pick-up coils come within close proximity of the current -carrying cable, a small voltage is generated...
The bug tracer is made up of a simple rf-injector circuit consisting of Ql and Q2, and a pocketsize, AM broadcast receiver. The two-transistor rf-injector circuit supplies a constant rf signal to one end of a cable. Then the AM receiver is used as a detector, allowing you to trace the wire to its source. Transistor Ql, along with piezoelectric...
Industrial applications sometimes require that power be only briefly applied to a load following the closure of a switch, such as a microswitch or foot switch. The load could be a heating element for use in sealing plastic bags, a de motor that is indexed or stepped with each application of power, or a de solenoid which is to be energized for...
The spark developed by the circuit is suitable for a gas ignitor. Capacitor Cl is charged through Rl and Dl toward peak line voltage. C2 is simultaneously being charged at a slower rate through R5. When the charge on C2 is sufficient.to trigger the PUT, the SCR is triggered on, providing a rapid discharge path for Cl through the transformer...
This rf detector can locate low-power transmitters (bugs) that are hidden from sight. It can sense the presence of a 1-mW transmitter at 20 feet. which is sensitive enough to detect the tiniest bug. As you bring the rf detector closer to the bug, more and more segments of its LED bar-graph display light, which aids in direction finding. The...
The door opener derives its power from a 9-V battery. A momentary-contact switch, 52, is provided in the event that manual opening and closing is required. Relay Kl is a 9-V type and relay K2 is a 117"Vac latching-type, which automatically latches with the first burst of current and opens on the second burst. The gate lead of the LASCR is...
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial