Simple Metal Detector


Posted on Jan 27, 2013    10458

The Meter and other small circuit differences, gives better performance. On the Schematic, I show Two Possible Coils. 1) The Ferrite Rod, creates an Accurate Pin Point. But it also has a Very Narrow Detection Field. 2) The Dual Wound `Tesla Coil` Creates a Wide Field of Detection. With Maximum Sensitivity at the Center of the coil. Detection of metal is with a Meter and LED. The Meter Gives a Much Better Sensitivity.



Simple Metal Detector - image 1
Click here to download the full size of the above Image.

On My Prototype, I can detect a 1/8 Gram Gold Nugget at One Inch, With Either the Tesla Coil or the Larger Ferrite rod coil. But Only about 1/2 inch with the Tiny Ferrite rod one. Changes to capacitor "CX" will change the Operating Frequency. It may also Improve Sensitivity. I Recommend Expermenting with Different "CX" Caps and also Various types of coils. The Tesla Coil has an ID of 1" and an OD of 4 3/8". And Each Coil has an Inductance of 150uH. Using this coil In my Test Circuit, CX is .01uF. On This Ferrite Rod, Coil "A" is 600uH. And Coil "B" is 100uH. Here I used a Ferrite Rod, Made by "FairRite" I had to Increase the Coarse trimpot to 10K to get it to Oscillate. But it than worked OK. Here I used a Tiny 3/16 dia Ferrite Rod, I bought on-line. Specifications Unknown.




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