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Video Mixer Circuits
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Photo Flash Circuits
Video Amplifier Circuits
Video precision sync separator
The GS4882 and GS4982 are precision sync separators for extracting timing information from NTSC, PAL, and SECAM video signals. The GS4882 generates noise immune and temperature stable composite sync, vertical sync, back porch and odd/even field signals. The GS4982 provides a horizontal sync output for those applications requiring horizontal...
EB-RD35 Evaluation Board
A functional block diagram is shown below and illustrates the primary circuit functions. These include equalization, reclocking, and driving 75W co-axial cables. A complete schematic is also included. The EB-RD35 accepts a serial digital data input signal which first goes into the GS9024 equalizer. Equalization of the input signal is...
Video Buffer HA-5033
The HA-5033 is a unity gain monolithic lC designed for any application requiring a fast wideband buffer. A voltage follower by design, this product is optimized for high speed 50W and 75W coaxial cable driver applications common in color video systems. Critical performance characteristics are summarized in Table 1. Outstanding differential...
Video Buffer with Strobed DC Restore
The GB4551 is a high performance video buffer with DC restore primarily used for accurate back porch clamping. The circuit features a wideband differential amplifier that can be configured as a gain stage. The output signal voltage is limited to +2V above the clamp level in order to prevent damage to crosspoints or other circuits connected...
Composite Video titling Generator
The VTG-01 is designed to display user defined text over a composite video signal. This is useful in a multitude of different applications such as adding titles to home movies and adding custom text to security videos. Text can be displayed in different sizes almost anywhere on the screen. Text entry and editing is done by way of a standard IBM...
Photo film processor circuit
This machine essentially does three things: It controls the process temperature, provides constant agitation of the chemical baths, and performs the timing. The operator must pour in and out the liquids by hand. The heart of the circuit is a Basic Stamp 2p microcontroller. It has a program loaded that contains several film processing algorithms....
Rotating Message board using PIC12F629
A simple rotating display. Just spin and enjoy. While the "Air display" is rotating, it writes the message on the air. Because the "persistence of the vision", you will be able to read the message. The operation is super simple and you don't need an user manual. Press the button to turn it on. Press the button to change the message and press the...
Video Switcher with PIC16F819
This device uses the second method (which, if you don't already know, requires about 100 times less parts), but adds motion detection to switch cameras. The usual way to detect motion is to store a complete video frame and then look for changes on successive frames. Again, a lot of trouble can be saved by only sampling 64 locations on the...
Video title generator
Want to add video to your next project? This device uses a PIC16F819 and not much else. Getting 20 characters to a line is possible by using the SPI port to generate video. Neat trick, eh? The character set is limited to upper case and a few punctuation marks and uses a 'folded data table' to store the image data in the space available. Input to...
Kodak Flash circuit
This flash circuit is a typical camera flash.
Video Camera switcher MAX454
The video switcher described here can display the output of two, three, or four cameras on a single monitor. The number of cameras is set by a DIP switch on the circuit board. That feature avoids blank displays if less than four cameras are used by sequencing through only the inputs that are connected to a camera. In the automatic mode, the...
This is quite a nice chip, and has myriad uses, but we only need it to perform one function here. Since most game systems output the composite sync information along with the NTSC video output, and since most RGB monitors will not accept this extraneous info along with the sync, we need to remove the video signal. The LM1881 does an admirable...
Video DVM circuit
Video-DVM is a very cheap DVM that shows how an output as complex as a videocomposite signal can be generated entirely in software: two I/O pins and three resistors are all the hardware required. Connected to any TV set it displays voltages, included max and min peaks, using both giant digits and an analog bar-display . A serial data output for...
PC terminal using a TV
When you use microcontrollers in your designs, sometime you face a problem how to show user required data. Several LEDs, 7 segment display or LCD module can be solution. But if you must show a lot of information simultaneously, it can be difficulty. Large LCD modules are expensive and graphic modules require complicated control. You can solve it...
Video Stabilizer circuit
Have you ever attempted to copy a commercially produced video only to end up with a distorted and jumpy image? If so, then you have run afoul of MacroVision. MacroVision is the most popular copy protection scheme used on the majority of content distributed on VHS cassettes. Like all copy protection, it does nothing to discourage the real pirates...
Single-Shot Auto-Charge Flash Circuit
There is a voltage divider composed of R2 (10M) and R3 (100K) which effectively divides the voltage across C2 by about 100. Also note the ground of C2. It is connected to the inverter ground for reference. I used an LM358 comparator to keep track of the charging status. A 2.7V zener diode makes the reference voltage at about 2.85V (it’s slightly...
Quick-Charge Auto-Fire Flash Circuit
The circuit uses an IRF740 MOSFET which is rated at a maximum DS V value of 400V. The avalanche voltage is calculated as 3520 1. max DSA VV V. This means that up to about 500V of inductive kickback voltage can develop in the switched coil. More than that will cause the avalanche effect, and turn the MOSFET on. For example, IRF640 doesn’t...
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial