10 Amp 13 8 Volt Power Supply

Posted on Feb 7, 2014

The circuit even has a current limiting feature which is a more reliable system than most commercial units have. The circuit uses 3 pass transistors which must be heat sink. Resistor R9 allows the fine tuning of the voltage to exactly 13. 8 volts and the resistor network formed by resistors R4 through R7 controls the current limiting. The LM723 lim

10 Amp 13 8 Volt Power Supply
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its the current when the voltage drop across R5 approaches. 7 volts. To reduce costs, most commercial units rely on the HFE of the pass transistors to determine the current limiting. The fault in that system is that the HFE of the pass transistors actually increases when the transistors heat up and risks a thermal runaway condition causing a possible failure of the pass transistors. Because this circuit samples the collector current of the pass transistors, thermal runaway is not a problem in this circuit making it a much more reliable power supply. The only adjustment required is setting R9 to the desired output voltage of anywhere between 10 and 14 volts. You may use a front panel mounted 1K potentiometer for this purpose if desired. Resistor R1 only enhances temperature stability and can be eliminated if desired by connecting pins 5 and 6 of IC-1 together. Although it really isn`t needed due to the type of current limiting circuit used, over voltage protection can be added to the circuit by connecting the circuit of Figure 2 to Vout. The only way over voltage could occur is if transistors Q2 or Q3 were to fail with a collector to emitter short. Although collector to emitter shorts do happen, it is more much more likely that the transistors will open up when they fail.

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