DTMF Decoder Using MT8870

Posted on Feb 6, 2014

This circuit detects the dial tone from a telephone line and decodes the keypad pressed on the remote telephone. The dial tone we heard when we pick up the phone set is call Dual Tone Multi-Frequency, DTMF in short. The name was given because the tone that we heard over the phone is actually make up of two distinct frequency tone, hence the name d

DTMF Decoder Using MT8870
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ual tone. The DTMF tone is a form of one way communication between the dialer and the telephone exchange. A complete communication consist of the tone generator and the tone decoder. In this article, we are use the IC MT8870DE, the main component to decode the input dial tone to 5 digital output. These digital bits can be interface to a computer or microcontroller for further application eg. remote control, phone line transfer operation, LEDs, etc. In the early days, our phone system used to be operated by human operator in a telephone exchange room. The caller will pick up the phone, giving instruction to the operator to connect their line to the destination over the other end of the telephone. As more and more people find phone technology a useful communication tools, line connection use human operator has become a tedious task. As technology matures, pulse/dial tone method was inverted for telephony communication. It uses electronics and computer to assist in the phone line connection. Basically on the caller side, it is a dial tone generator. When a key is being pressed on the matrix keypad, it generate a unique tone consisting of two audible tone frequency. For example, if the key `1` is being press on the phone, the tone you hear is actually consist of a 697hz & 1209hz sine signal. Pressing key `9` will generate the tone form by 852hz & 1477hz. The frequency use in the dial tone system is of audible range suitable for...

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