Light dimmer circuit

Posted on Feb 5, 2014

This circuit design is not tested by staff. The circuit design as submitted by the designer is believed to be correct, but there is no guarantee of the correctness of the circuit design. The contents of the articles below might be totally inaccurate, inappropriate, or misguided. There is no guarantee as to the suitability of said circuits and information for

Light dimmer circuit
Click here to download the full size of the above Circuit.

any purpose. Warning: This circuit operates at potentially lethal 220V AC mains voltage. The circuit should be built and used only by people who know hot to safely work with such dangerous voltages and how to built the circuit so that it is safe to use. Solid-state light dimmers work by varying the "duty cycle" (on/off time) of the full AC voltage that is applied to the lights being controlled. For example, if the voltage is applied for only half of each AC cycle, the light bulb will appear to be much less bright than when it get the full AC voltage, because it get`s less power to heat the filament. Solid-state dimmers use the brightness knob setting to determine at what point in each voltage cycle to switch the light on and off. The exact time when the triac is triggered relative to the zero crossings of the AC power is used to determine the power level to the light bulb. When the the triac is triggered it keeps conducting until the current passing though it goes to zero (exactly at the next zero crossing if the load is purely resistive, like light bulb). By changing the phase at which you trigger the triac you change the duty cycle and therefore the brightness of the light. The circuit contains a variable resistance that consists of R1 + PT1 in paralle with R2 + RV2. This variable resistance together with capacitors C1 and C2 form a delay from the mains zero crossing to the firing point of the diac. DIAC is a...

Leave Comment

characters left:

New Circuits



Popular Circuits

Class-A Power Amp
220 V LED Night light
FM Wireless Microphone
Electro Harmonix drum sequencer
Having a current negative feedback speed control system
DC brush motor driver circuit diagram
Easy fades fade switching circuit 2