TV cascades

Posted on Feb 6, 2014

Older TV sets that do not have a diode split flyback usually contain a flyback that gives about 8kV peak, and a subsequent cascade which triples this to about 24kV. These cascades are moulded modules with a number of wires or solder points for input and output, usually Ground, AC input, 8kV (focus) output and 24kV (acceleration) output.

TV cascades
Click here to download the full size of the above Circuit.

The acceleration output is easily recognized by the thickly insulated cable directly plugged into the CRT at the other end. The rest of the inputs/outputs are often labelled. The schematic above shows the internal circuit of the most common type of cascade (number (2) in the photo above) and the usual input/output labels. It s basically a Villard circuit but lacks one cap in the first stage (compare schematic above with the Villard circuit ). The AC input (labeled "~") goes directly to D1/D2, and the Ground connection is split into seperate branches for D1 (labeled "D") and C1 (labeled "A"). To make this type of cascade work, there are two possibilities. Either, you connect the input AC voltage directly to "~". In this case, "A" must be grounded, while "D" remains open - otherwise, D1 would be a short-circuit for the negative half-wave of the input AC. Or, you connect "A" and "D" together to ground and externally add the missing cap between the input AC voltage and "~". The additional cap must be rated about 10kV, 1nF. In principle, the latter method gives a slightly higher output voltage. Below is an X-ray picture of the module corresponding to the schematic above. The components are also labeled as in the schematic. The circle refers to the Super-Cascade section. TV cascades can be salvaged from old TV sets or bought from surplus dealers. Best thing to feed them is a flyback transformer, but Obits are possible as well,...

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