Line current measurement circuit

Posted on Dec 11, 2010

Detecting electrical equipment, sometimes in order to more accurately measure the electrical current, the need to disconnect the circuit in series into the ammeter measurements

Line current measurement circuit
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, although the need to restore the status quo ante after the circuit, which not only affect the normal operation of electrical equipment line, and may cause new hidden faults. If a line current measuring instrument, it does not damage the circuit board. Can be achieved online current measurements. 6-52 the line current measuring circuit shown in Fig. It is the advantage of the operational amplifier with negative feedback, its virtual ground point-to-ground input into the resistance is minimal. When it is a printed circuit board with copper foil in parallel, forced flow through the foil to change the current flowing through the op amp feedback branch (header branch road), in order to achieve without affecting the normal operation of electrical equipment situation under conditions, the measured current of a branch. FIG 50VA resistance ammeter RM 2kfl, meter full scale voltage drop UD a 50yA 2kfZ lOOmV, far beyond this voltage op amps linear dynamic range. If the measured current profile as a most sensitive ImA. The feedback branch of the equivalent resistance RM a lOOrrN/lrriA a ioon. Let op amps open-loop gain G, -120dB [lOf/times], the location of the virtual ground op amp equivalent resistance Rmf RM/G, lOOfl/L06 0; ImfZ. Copper equivalent resistance is very small at this current source, the internal resistance is measured period of slip resistance wire to Imm wide printed circuit board copper foil for the side, measured obtaining the resistivity of 2mfl/cm. If the distance between the two probes (AB segment length) on the copper foil is lcni, a current source equivalent electrical resistance Rt a 2rrd: l !. Therefore, the wind error introduced by 5%. If. NB length of 5cm, the error introduced by Rs 1%. Obviously op amps open loop gain Gv is one of the key factors affecting the measurement error, the choice of high-gain op knock, homes help reduce measurement error. Furthermore, open transport input offset and internal noise will cause error, so, the choice of high gain knock, while also taking into account the low-drift op amp, low noise and high input impedance into. The circuit uses low-drift op amp F033 test result is a file in the most sensitive hands swinging a small cell (ie, error of 2%), basically meet the requirements. If you use auto-zero operational amplifiers (such as 5G7650, etc.), it would be better. Circuit transistor 3DK4 push to increase power capacity. VD1, VD2 for the protection of two input Xi tube. VD3 for the level shifter tube with spectral section to the transistor VT and VD3 operating point.

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