Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Arduino Projects and Circuits
PIC Microcontroller Circuits
AVR Microcontroller Circuits
Microcontroller Programmer Circuits
68HC11 Microcontroller Circuits
8051 / 8052 Microcontroller Circuits
RFID security access project using Arduino Uno
This project is influenced by the effort to achieve a security system that can be used in the business, or even very simply at the door of your home. This security system uses the microcontroller of the Arduino Uno system in combination with RFID (radio frequency identification) technology. It gives you the possibility of a wireless...
Arduino DAC Signal Generator project
Once the circuit gets current, all variables are initialized and the loop function is continually running. Initially all LEDs are off and there is no signal at the output. By pressing the signal switch, the first light that shows the most signal is at the output and the D0-D7 terminals give the appropriate signal which, when passing from the...
Very Low Noise Pick-up Preamplifier
The preamplifier was designed to signal sources such as low-impedance moving coil cartridges (MC) on turntables high fidelity (and yet still there). The impedance of the amplifier is 100 W. To keep the noise levels low, three double-type transistors MAT03 SSM2220 or linked together to form a differential amplifier. Connecting this amp in front...
Microcontroller Based Telephone Remote Control Circuit
This device allows you to control remotely any (with suitable add-on expansion boards, up to eight) device, such as lights, water heaters (boiler), air-condition, plant watering, alarms, etc via a relay. By using it you can for example water the garden at your country house from the convenience of your living-room, or you may turn on the water...
5-channel low-power interface circuit programmable sensor signal processor AD7714 and MCS-51 series microcontroller
3-wire interface to the AD7714 can be equipped with a variety of microcontrollers (including microcontroller or microprocessor). 3-wire serial interface is particularly suitabl
AVR Programmer (AT90S2313)
The ATMEL, with family AVR, was consolidated in the field of microcontrollers. The microcontrollers are, providing fast core and a variety of peripherals. These features continue to occupy the attention of engineers and earn their preference. The developer will see, it accepts all models of the family of AVR. It is an excellent tool that stands...
Most of you will certainly already installed on your computer one of the many software tools move freely from hand to hand and is suitable for programming the PIC 16C84. One of the most popular of this kind is the RIR02 of Silicon Studios. The circuit described below, is perhaps the simplest PIC programmer that can work seamlessly with the...
Hardware circuit C51 microcontroller serial communication
51 microcontroller has a full-duplex serial communication port, so you can easily serial communication between the microcontroller and the computer. When the serial communicati
The microprocessor circuit using a power linear regulator
The microprocessor uses a linear regulator power circuit constructed as shown below, use two MAX666 simply. CPU and A / D converter power supply using A2, RAM and real-time clock power supply with A1. MAX666 output voltage Vo by the VSET (6 feet)
MCU power supply wiring portion
High-precision voltage regulator, isolation transformer with the correct wiring and low-pass filter, to further improve the electrical noise immunity source portion. The wiring in Figure 20-48 and 20-49 as shown in FIG. Figure, chokes (Li, Lz) choose an inner
Air conditioner microcomputer control circuit
Circuit works as follows: Computer logo conditioned clamor control circuit shown in Figure 1-58, the main chip AT89C52 microcontroller with Levin. Switched power source when, 2
High Quality Valve Amplifier
In recent years more and more, have a tendency ket demanded higher reimbursement structures with lights and music lovers in general and manufacturers of tube amplifiers. The reason, in their view is that the sound of tubes is more sweet, how rich and incomparably cleaner, On the other hand, however, the entire structure is much more massive than...
IR Link PIC tranceiver
I just finished a half duplex serial asynchronous link from a simple PIC circuit to the RCX. It is able to receive codes from the RCX (or Lego RCX remote control) store them in RAM & EEPROM and transmit any IR op-code to the RCX in turn. Included in the firmware is a routine that takes any opcode(s) and expand it to the proper IR packet for...
Simple AVR Programmers
These are simple AVR programmers. I designed and built four different programmers for various envilonments: LPT controlled parallel programmer, LPT controlled ISP adapter, COM controlled ISP adapter and COM controlled generic SPI bridge. Additionaly, COM controlled adapters can be used as a communication cable between host PC and target board,...
darkroom timer with PIC 16F84A
I tried to design a timer that would do everything it needed to do but with the smallest number of pieces and simplest mode of operation. It only needs the PIC, a four digit LED display, one other IC, a resistor network, one pushbutton switch and a capacitor. It can run on batteries if you use a solid state relay to turn the exposure light on...
The WWVB signal is broadcast as a 60 kHz carrier that is AM modulated with a time code frame that is updated once per minute. The data rate is one bit per second. Along with time code information, the data frame also contains synchronization bits, calendar data, UT1 correction, leap year, and leap second data. The clock design presented here...
Simple GAL Programmer
This GAL programmer is controlled via a parallel port, so that any exclusive interface is not requires for the programmer. It is easy to use on the notebook PCs. When program a PIC, a socket converter is needed. After assembly is finished, check if the wiring is correct and then power on. If all right, adjust VR1 to Vcc is 5.25 volts, and VR2 to...
Voltage Ampere and Temperature meter with PIC16F877A
This project was designed and constructed as enhancement to the 0-30V Stabilized Power Supply Project with the DIY electronics hobbyist in mind. The circuit uses a single PIC Microchip to perform the Voltage, Current and Temperature conversions and display functions. The PCB Board uses large tracks and can easily be made using the "press-n-peel"...
testing Board for PIC12F683
This microcontroller fascinated me a lot because I wanted to see what we can do with an 8-pin microcontroller (out of which 2 pins goes to power supply, so actually just 6-pins are left for I/O). So I thought of making my own learning board for this. In this project, I am first going to describe the learning board that I made, and then will...
Interfacing DRAM M5M44800 Memory with AVR AT90S8515
Is it possible to use DRAM with microcontroller AVR? Yes, it is possible. Jesperh has proved it. He hooked up a DRAM to a small processor (in this case an Microcontroller Atmel 8515), and handle the RAS/CAS sequencing and refresh in software. The type of DRAM is Hitatchi M5M44800, a 512k*8 DRAM!. Bigger than the original memory of...
Trimming the Internal Clock Generator on the 68HC908KX8 Microcontroller
One of the nicest features of the 8-bit KX8 microcontroller (manufactured by Freescale Semiconductor) is that it includes an internal clock generator (ICG). This allows the chip to run without the trouble and expense of an external crystal or canned oscillator.
Bugdozer is an autonomous mini-Sumo robot. Her main board consists of a MC68HC908GP32 microcontroller along with input/output support chips, a voltage regulator, a crystal oscillator, and the usual assortment of resistors, capacitors, and switches. All chips are socket mounted. I`m not experienced at soldering, so soldering the sockets avoided...
The microcontroller is able to make about 7000 complete line-following decisions per second, which is almost 7 decisions per millimeter when the robot is going full speed. By upping the clock, unrolling loops, and removing my wireless debugging and extraneous code, I could increase the number of decisions per second.
PIC debugging routine reads out binary numbers
The "burn and learn" method of firmware development excludes an in-circuit emulator and a serial port. With this method, it is common practice to use spare I/O pins on a µC as a debugging aid. By strategically placing instructions to set and clear these I/O pins in the code and then observing the pins with a scope, you can obtain limited...
The project consists of 35 LEDs arranged as a 5x7 matrix. This may not seem very impressive but you can display all sorts of effects and treat it like a "window on a large video screen." The project comes with a series of test programs to test the operation of the screen and also the surrounding components. Then we come to the experiments. They...
PIC Based RS485 Multiplexer
I decided to implement this using a PIC 16F84 for both an encoder and decoder, and use RS-485 drivers (DS26C31 and DS26C32) to drive the 350m cable. I only needed five I/O pins per PIC, so this could have been implemented using the smaller 8pin 12C508 device, but the 16F84 has the advantage of being reprogrammable, and PCB size or cost wasn`t an...
This was my first sucessful project with a PIC chip. I used a 16F84 with a 10MHz resonator with built in caps. Click here to view the source code to this project. The code is written in Hi-Tech C. Click here to download the source code to this project. File has a ".c" extension.
Classic PIC Programmer
This is my own version of the classic PIC 16C84/16F84 programmer. The design is originally by David Tait. I`ve made a few changes, redrawn the schematic and done a board layout. All the files you will need are linked below, including software you`ll need to operate it. The software is not by me, I`m just including it for your convenience, and...
PIC Project #1 - RS232 to I2C Interface
The software sample is written in C for a specific application. A general purpose interface is not available at this time but is planned for the future. The information detailed here should provide the basic framework for designing and implementing your I2C application quickly and efficiently.
Infra/radio remote control transmitter/receiver with PIC
This is a general purpose remote control project with using programmable PIC microcontrollers. Schematics are shown for using infrared (RF) or radio (RF) media. If you are not familiar with microcontroller programming, you can use fixed encoder and decoder integrated circuits instead. Well-known such IC-s are Holtek HT-12D, HT-12E and Motorola...
Ponyprog for AVR & PIC16F84
All resistors are 1/4W.The circuit is powered by 9...15V DC or AC. When In Circuit Programming (ISP) connectors are used, is possible the programmer to be powered from target?s power source. Diodes D2 and D6 protect the regulator LM7805, when target?s power is used. ?PIC JUMP? is used to switch between Microchip?s PIC and ATMEL?s...
The JavaBot1 is a small line following robot designed to follow a black line drawn on a dry erase board. It is designed to follow very tight curves. The software still has lot`s of room for improvement but works well as is. The JavaBot1 uses 2 Cirrus CS-70 servos that have been modified for full rotation and have had their controller boards...
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial