# Amplitude separation circuit diagram

Posted on Mar 28, 2007

Amplitude separation circuit A typical amplitude separating circuit shown in Figure 1. It is composed of a transistor and a capacitance C, resistance RB, RC constituted. After

detecting the input signal is a video composite video signal, usually peak to peak at about 2V. The output signal is a composite sync signal, for simplicity, the figure only depicts the horizontal synchronizing pulse, in the circuit of Figure 1, it is down, the range of 10V or more. Amplitude separation circuit works: Transistor without a DC bias, when there is no signal it is off, no voltage drop on the RC, the output of the power level of + 12V. When the video composite video signal arrives, the transistor emitter junction capacitance C, resistance RB constitute a similar detection circuit, the signal voltage is greater than 0.65V internal synchronization pulse time, the emitter is turned on, the capacitor C is charged, the charging current i charging path as shown in Fig. When the sync pulse in the past, the signal voltage is lower than 0.65V, the emitter junction is not conducting, the charge on the capacitor C through RB and the signal source (front stage) discharge, i put the path shown. If the signal waveform is repeated a plurality of line periods, the charging, discharging down stable equilibrium, the voltage on the capacitor C is equal to the average value of the signal voltage. In other words, the capacitor C voltage signal DC component (average value) cut off. Transistor only during the sync pulse conduction time, a voltage drop, the output voltage on RC becomes negative pulse shown in Fig., A pulse width of the power supply voltage minus the tube saturation voltage greater than 10V. This completes the sync pulse cut from the composite video signal is applied to the video. Also has a clamping action in the circuit of Figure 1, it makes the sync tip level is always up and down clamp 0.65V. Emitter junction plays a clamping diode. Necessity clamp: the average value of the image signal with the image content to be changed when the screen is dark, the average level moves upward, approaching the black level. Conversely, when the screen appears bright scenes, the average level down will tend white level. In addition, the intensity of the received signal due to factors of location, antenna orientation and distribution of the surrounding buildings and so on have a greater change, although the receiver using an automatic gain control (AGC) circuit, but the output level will have put percent changes over tens. So after the video detection Queensland composite video signal whose amplitude is still some changes, so should not adopt a fixed level to synchronize the cutting head, otherwise, when the signal amplitude and mean changes in sync tip height cut down on various and may even cut the image signal level. So synchronization would become unstable, affecting the viewing effect. Characteristics of the circuit of Figure 1, when the input signal amplitude changes, the average voltage on the capacitor also changes to maintain the base voltage of 0.65V is turned up and down (or rather, a negative bias emitter junction automatically with the signal amplitude and mean mobile value changes). Transistors work in the off state, when the sync pulse to the instantaneous turn-on, when the sync pulse in the past, most of the time off. To synchronize the output pulse waveform is good, it should be switching transistor. Also, lower saturation voltage of the transistor to ensure 10V output amplitude. The value of the capacitor C to be appropriate, not too small, the charging time constant should be several times larger than the field synchronization pulse, otherwise the output field sync tip will fall. But C is too large, can not meet the image signal content (average) changes so quickly switch the screen when the sync pulse is lost (C voltage charged on late discharge, subsequent pulse several lines of non-conducting). Generally in the upper and lower value of C 1 F. The input signal 1 is negative, since the output signal of the detector circuit outputs the most positive polarity, the amplitude of the positive polarity video composite video signal V2 of FIG separation circuit 1, which works with FIG. Wherein a PNP type transistor V2, and when it came down to the synchronization header may be turned on. Rest of the time off. Output resistor connected between the collector and the ground, up the output pulse. Amplitude remains above 10V. Bias resistor 68 k and 510 k, so that a slight bias V2 base, just to be turned on in a state in order to improve the sensitivity of synchronization.

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