FM Linear Amplifier 400mW

Posted on Jun 23, 2017

This amplifier is intended for amplifying low signals from oscillators in the FM band. It does not have frequency regulators with variable capacitors and coils, it has a wide range and moderate power capable of driving several linear amplifiers. The whole construction is based on the two low-power 2N4427 transistors, which are designed for the VHF range, and output up to 1W. The amplifier is used in cases where additional amplification is required, such as after output of small transmitters. This is common, since many times to cover some bad conditions or big losses, we add an extra bandwidth amplifier, making it easier to drive long lines or lines with big losses, which is known to weaken the signal.

FM Linear Amplifier 400mW
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The linear amplifier with both 2N4427 offers powerful power to drive various linear ones such as BGY133 and various transistors such as BLY87. It works in the UHF region and can amplify signals from 70MHz to 150MHz, thus covering the FM range.

As the frequency increases, the aid decreases, but in practice we can see it as stable in the FM region. The amplifier offers 15dB amplification across the range from 80MHz to 110MHz. If you want the amplifier output not to have harmonics, then you can add a low pass filter to correct the response curve.


400mw amplifier completed


Theoretical Circuit

The VHF amplifier works in Class A and is based on the well-known Philips transistor 2N4427, which is commercially available in the TO39 shell. Unlike the collector that is connected to the metal housing, the other terminals are not insulated.

 The 2N4427 transistor has excellent reliability properties and features the best features of the rest of its family as it withstands higher currents and power.

 The theoretical circuit of the amplifier is shown in the figure. Although the circuit of construction at first glance seems simple, we need to pay special attention during construction, since the high frequency range in which it works is quite difficult to handle.

The construction has to be implemented and assembled into a printed double-sided circuit with conventional materials. Use a metal box. The metal chassis ensures good operation, providing the necessary shielding and cooling.

The amplifier of the transistor is about 10dB, while the two transistors together amplify about 15dB. The power supply voltage we recommend for the amplifier is a stabilized power supply with a very well stabilized output voltage of 12V and current 1A. The transistor 2N4427, manufactured by Philips, is a very good transistor for output stages and finds applications in amplifier, line-track or even transponder circuitry.

Transistors Q1 and Q2 are polarized in class A. The necessary polarization is ensured by appropriate resistances. In the base and collector circuit there are fixed capacitors to adjust the input and output line to 50Ω. In the output there is a low pass filter, with no variable capacitors.


400mw amplifier pcb and parts




R1 = 4.7Ω, R2 = 3,3KΩ, R3 = 150Ω, R4 = 270Ω, R5 = 1,5KΩ, R6 = 4,7Ω, R7 = 100Ω, R8 = 100Ω, R9 = 470Ω, R10 = 150Ω


C1 = 3,3nF, C2 = 10nF, C3 = 100pF, C4 = 100pF, C5 = 3,3nF, C6 = 10nF, C7 = 10nF, C8 = 10nF, C9 = 3,3nF, C10 = 100pF, C11 = 100pF, C12 = 27pF, C13 = 56pF, C14 = 56pF, C15 = 27pF, C16 = 3,3nF


Q1, Q2 = 2N4427
L1,L2 = 1μH



The construction of the circuit will be mounted on a small, double-sided printed. The top view is shown in the figure, while in the next figure the bottom. The entire construction can be put into a small metal box. The dimensions of the box are 10cm x 10cm. On the opposite sides, you will insert the two input-output connectors. On the other side you will put a plug for the power supply voltage of the amplifier and if desired you can place a diode in series with the circuit. The power supply will be via capacitors connected in parallel with common ceramic and electrolytic capacitors. The current of the power supply should be around 5°C.

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