High-torque motor speed control

A bridge circuit consisting of two SCRs and two silicon rectifiers furnishes full-wave power to the motor. Diodes, D3 and D5, supply dc to the trigger circuit through dropping resistors, Rl. Phase delay of SCR firing is obtained by charging C2 through resistors R3 and R4 from the voltage level established by the zener diode, D8. When C2 charges to the firing voltage of the unijunction transistor, the UJT fires, triggering the SCR that has a positive voltage on its anode
High-torque motor speed control - schematic

When C2 discharges sufficiently, the unijunction transistor drops out of conduction. The value of Rf is dependent upon the size of the motor and on the amount of feedback desired. A typical value for Rf can be calculated 2.

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