VHF/UHF TV modulator

A 'TV modulator' is really no more than a transmitter. It is a very small transmitter, admittedly, but none the less that is what it is. What does a modulator actually do? In general -and this design is no exception to the rule - it is a simple oscillator that generates a frequency somewhere in the VHF or UHF region. The oscillator is modulated with the video signal and the modulated carrier wave thus generated is fed into the TV set's aerial input via a cable. Then all that remains to do is tune the TV to the correct frequency.
VHF/UHF TV modulator - schematic

The block diagram of figure I shows how this is achieved. The TV modulator is made up of two parts, namely a modulatable crystal oscillator and a harmonics generator. The oscillator operates at a frequency of 27 MHz, which is quite low so inexpensive crystals are readily available. The harmonics generator converts the oscillator signal into a sort of frequency spectrum containing all the multiples of 27 MHz up to about 1800 MHz. The TV modulator's output signal is made up of a large number of little peaks, each of which is a complete transmitter signal. At least one of these will always be in band I (VHF channels 2. . . 4), one in band III (VHF channels S. . .12) and many of them will be in bands IV and V (UHF channels 21.. .69). The tiny printed circuit board designed for this circuit is shown in figure 3. It is not double-sided as this was found to be unnecessary. Construction is thereby simplified and readers who do not buy the board through our EPS service (tut-tut) will find it easier to make themselves. Building the circuit is simply a matter of fitting the components onto the printed circuit board. The coils, often a source of much teeth-gnashing and hair-pulling, will not be a problem in this case. Two of them, Ll and L2, are made by winding 3.5 turns of enamelled copper wire (about 0.2 mm thick) on a 3.5 mm ferrite bead. Another, L4, is just one turn of copper wire (0.8. . . 1 mm thick) air-wound with a diameter of...

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