200 Watt audio power amplifier

Posted on Mar 18, 2013

Here i propose a project of an AB class power amplifier, at its simplest, assembled with common compoments (not very expensive), based on traditional diagrams : a symmetrical differential input stage, a cascode stage driver and a MOSFET output stage. The printed circuit board is very compact , and is composed of two subsets : the command stage and the output stage. All resistors are 1/4 watt 1 % metal film (except if otherwise stated). Constant current sources of +/- 1 mA are carried out around T5 and T6. The diodes D1 to D6 allow the use of low noise transistors type BC550C and BC560C, the transistors T7 to T10 form the stage driver. The potentiometer P1 allows the adjustment of the quiescient current to 100 mA per output transistor. The symmetrical power supply is entrusted to a large transformer of 625 VA, 2 * 51 volts + bridge rectifier and 6 reservoir capacitors of 4700 µF, which gives an output voltage of + and - 70 volts per rail. The output power is 200 Wrms under 8 ohms or 350 Wrms under 4 ohms. Distortion is lower than 0,02 %, damping factor is better than 300, signal-noise ratio is 112 db (balanced A at full power), the input sensitivity is 1,2 volts (200 W under 8 ohms).

200 Watt audio power amplifier
Click here to download the full size of the above Circuit.

It is possible to use the MOSFET output stage PCB which is also reproduced on the site, but take care with the thermal dissipation of the output transistors (this circuit is perfect for power of 100 Wrms under 8 ohms or 155 Wrms under 4 ohms). It is possible to use two PCBs in parallel to double the number of output transistors, do not place the limitation diodes, the fuses and the RC output circuit on the second PCB. The power transistors must be assembled on a heatsink with a thermal resistance less than 1 ° C/W. They must also be electrically insulated from the heatsink by using a mica insulator + heat-conducting compound or a silicone insulator. The ground (earth) points of PCB's and loudspeaker ground (earth) must compulsorily be connected in star with the 0 Volts of the PSU. Bandwidth is limited from 5 Hz to 53 Khz (at - 3 db) by the input module (C1, R1, C2, R2). It can be modified according to the application desired. It is useless to increase the bandwidth to the botton (bass) because little useful signal is present at the bottom of the spectrum. In public address sound systems the bandwidth is often limited between 20 and 35 Hz. The loudspeakers are thus protected against too high extreme-bass signals and some more power is available for the remainder of the spectrum.

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