Discrete Voltage Inverter

Posted on Feb 4, 2014

The circuit in the diagram enables a negative voltage to be derived without the use of integrated circuits. Instead, it uses five n-p-n transistors that are driven by a 1 kHz (approx) TTL clock. When the clock input is high, transistors T1 and T2 link capacitor C1 to the supply voltage, UIN, which typically is 5 V. During this process, transistor

Discrete Voltage Inverter
Click here to download the full size of the above Circuit.

T5 conducts so that T3 and T4 are off. When the clock input is low, T5 is cut off, whereupon transistors T3 and T4 are switched on via pull-up resistor R6 and either R4 or R5. This results in the charge on C1 being shared between this capacitor and C2 Since the +ve terminal of C2 is at ground potential, its ve terminal must become negative w. r. t. earth. The high level at the clock input must be of the same order as the positive input voltage, UIN, otherwise T1 cannot be switched on. The clock frequency should be around 1 kHz to ensure a duty cycle ratio of 1:1. Altering the ratio results in a different level of negative output voltage, but this is always smaller than that with a ratio of 1:1.

Leave Comment

characters left:

Related Circuits

  • New Circuits



    Popular Circuits

    Instrumentation Amplifier
    Audio Triangle Square Wave Generator Using Op-Amp
    Standalone Circuit Converts Square Waves To Sine Waves
    Interfacing LCD via SPI
    DIY Micromitter Stereo FM Transmitter
    HQ Notch Filter Without Close-Tolerance components
    Induction Cooker
    Buffer leakage current measurement circuit diagram OPA111 INA117