ISL6553 Microprocessor CORE Voltage Regulator 2 Phase Buck PWM Controller

Posted on Feb 6, 2014

The ISL6553 multiphase PWM control IC together with its companion gate drivers, the HIP6601, HIP6602 or HIP6603 provides a precision voltage regulation system for advanced microprocessors. Multiphase power conversion is a marked departure from earlier single phase converter configurations previously employed to satisfy the ever increasing current

ISL6553 Microprocessor CORE Voltage Regulator 2 Phase Buck PWM Controller
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demands of modern microprocessors. Multiphase converters, by distributing the power and load current results in smaller and lower cost transistors with fewer input and output capacitors. These reductions accrue from the higher effective conversion frequency with higher frequency ripple current due to the phase interleaving process of this topology. For example, a two phase converter operating at 350kHz will have a ripple frequency of 700kHz. Moreover, greater converter bandwidth of this design results in faster response to load transients. Outstanding features of this controller IC include programmable VID codes from the microprocessor that range from 1. 05V to 1. 825V with a system accuracy of ±1%. Pull up currents on these VID pins eliminates the need for external pull up resistors. In addition "droop" compensation, used to reduce the overshoot or undershoot of the CORE voltage, is easily programmed with a single resistor. Another feature of this controller IC is the PGOOD monitor circuit which is held low until the CORE voltage increases, during its Soft-Start sequence, to within 10% of the programmed voltage. Over-voltage, 15% above programmed CORE voltage, results in the converter shutting down and turning the lower MOSFETs ON to clamp and protect the microprocessor. Under voltage is also detected and results in PGOOD low if the CORE voltage falls 10% below the programmed level. Over-current protection reduces the...

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