Microcontroller Clapper Switch

Posted on Feb 4, 2014

For those who are lazy like me, turn on or off the bedroom light without getting out of bed, simple clap your hands is amazing. Thinking about it I projected one for me. Several projects of clappers can be found on the Internet, and most of them do not use microcontroller. I chose to use a micro planning future updates, such as turn on or off the light with 2 claps, the TV with 3 claps,

Microcontroller Clapper Switch
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DVD player with 4 and so on. Another update can be a time to turn off the device automatically. The hardware is very simple, just a microcontroller, a electret mic, a relay and some discrete components. The microcontroller is the brain of the project, I used a atmega8 because it was the only I had available. The signal is captured by the mic and amplified by the transistor (BC548), this signal run through a lowpass filter that remove the high frequencies and go to mega8 ADC. To keep the circuit simple, only one transistor is used on signal amplification. Two buttons are used to up or down the sensibility of the signal. You can see the complete schematic below. The components on dotted line are optional. The software was written in C using AVR Studio and WinAVR library. The ADC is read constantly, and the returned value is compared with a variable. This variable can be changed if the user press the button S1 or S2. So, the user can increase or decrease the intensity of the signal necessary to trigger the circuit. If the value of the ADC is less than the variable, nothing happens, otherwise the timer0 is activated and begins counting. At each timer overflow, a variable called The value of variable timer is compared with three constants, burst_time, ready_time and time_out. If the value of the variable is equal to the constant burst_time the value of global variable burst become 1. If the value of timer is equal the constant...

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