Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
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Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Human to Robotic Voice changer circuit
It is a simple and reliable system for processing human speech. It has the task of altering the tone of the human voice and making it heard as artificial, such as the voice of a robot that, as it is known, is produced by artificial means. This is an easy but reliable circuit that will solve many problems in cases where a voice needs to be...
The two probes shown are held in the hands and the skin resistance applies bias to the transistor. The 5 k ohm pot is set for zero deflection on the meter. When the ' 'subject'' is embarrassed or lies, sweating on the hands takes place, increasing the bias to the transistor and upsetting the bridge balance.
Game feeder controller
The circuit is built around an LM339 quad comparator, Ul, which forms the basis of a Schmitt trigger, timer circuit, and a window comparator. One comparator within the LM339 (pins 1, 7, 6), plus LDR1, R4, R5, R6 and R8, is used as a Schmitt trigger. The timer circuit (which receives its input from the Schmitt trigger) consists of R9, RIO, Rll,...
Ready set goi
This game tests a player"s reaction time. It is activated by closing switch SI, which starts the tone generator and arms the circuit. The touchplate, labeled PLAY in the diagram, consists of two metal strips about l/16th-inch apart. The first player to bridge the gap with his or her finger turns off the tone and lights the associated LED indicator
Six LEDs are arranged to produce a display the same as the dots on a dice. When PBI is depressed, the display is blanked and the oscillator (ICl a, b, c) clocks IC2 at about 1MHz. IC2 counts from zero and resets on seven
Game roller or chase circuit
The 555 timer produces a rapid series of pulses whenever switch SI is open. These pulses are counted in groups of 16 and converted into binary form by the 7493 and applied to the 74154 (a l-of-16 decoder/demultiplexer) wired so that each of its 16 output lines goes low sequentially and in step with the binary count delivered by the 7493. When...
Toss-a-coin binary box
Circuit uses an astable multivibrator to vary the heads-or-tails condition, and a flip-flop to store the condition given by the multivibrator
This is a circuit for a game of the shooting gallery variety. IC2a and b form an astable multivibrator clocking ICl which causes LEDs 1-8 to flash in turn LED 5 is the target LED and the object of the game is to depress PBI just as LED 5 comes on. If this is done, the whole display is blanked for a few seconds signifying a hit
The circuit is basically a 555 astable circuit that divides two LEDs, LEDl and LED2. LED2 is switched on when the output of Ul is high, and LEDl is activated when its output is low. When Ul oscillates, LEDl and LED2 switch on alternately as the output of Ul switches from state to state. Resistor Rl"s value is high in comparison to R2, so...
Using two SCRs, this control circuit is designed to lock out the other SCR when one has been triggered, so only one lamp will light. Indicator lamp Il is controlled by SCRl. The operator simply presses switch Sl. Lamp I2 is similarly controlled by S2 and SCR2. With both switches open, neither lamp is lit. The result is insufficient gate...
The basic die circuit is given. A 555 timer, ICl, is connected as an astable multivibrator. This feeds clock pulses to divide-by-six counter IC2 tbe outputs of which are decoded by gates Nl to N6 to drive an array of LEDs in the familiar die pattern. When switch Sl is in position b, tbe reset input of IC1 decreases and the oscillator is...
This circuit has a rate multiplier using a 4093 Schmitt trigger as an oscillator, driving a 4017 decade counter. When a pulse p
This circuit uses a timer to generate pulses at a 5-ms clock rate. The pulses are shifted into the shift register, one at a
Wheel Of Fortune
This circuit is a 10-LED spinning wheel that "clicks" as the wheel passes each point. The rotation starts fast, then gradu
Electromagnetic Ring Launcher Circuit
The electromagnetic ring launcher is comprised of.four subcircuits: a clock circuit (built around U5, a 555 oscillator/timer configured for astable operation), a count-down/display circuit (built around U3), a 74190 synchronous up/down counter with BCD outputs that is configured for countdown operation; U4, a ECG8368 BCD-to-7-segment...
Quiz Master Circuit
Up to eight players each have their own answer button to press, corresponding to the four Red Team and four Green Team LEDs on the master control board. As soon as the first contestant who thinks that he knows the answer presses the button, a loud tone sounds, all other contestants are locked out, and the contestant`s indicator LED lights on...
Electronic Slot Machine Circuit
The slot machine`s realistic action is provided by seven ICs and three displays, as shown. Two 555 CMOS timer ICs generate pulses. IC1 is used to generate the clock pulses for the entire electronic slot machine. The pulses are coupled from the output (pin 3) to the clock inputs of IC4, IC5, and 1C6, the display-driver ICs. The displays are...
Simple Lie Detector Circuit
The circuit, uses a two-transistor direct-coupled oscillator that has a frequency determined by CI, R2, and the (skin) resistance across the touch pads. Since CI and R2 are fixed values, only the skin resistance across the touch pads can vary the sound of the oscillator. To sustain oscillations, CI feeds a portion of the output from Q2 back to...
Personal Message Recorder Circuit
The persona] message recorder is built around an ISD1016 CMOS voicc messaging system, which does away with the cumbersome and expensive analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog conversion circuits. A functional block diagram of the ISD1016 is shown. The ISD1016 contains all of the functions necessary for a complete message-storage system. The...
Audio Memo Alert Circuit
This device prevents paper notes and memos from being overlooked. A paper note placed between two fingers made of a conducting material (metal or conductive plastic) breaks the circuit, allowing pair 1 of Ul-a to go high.
Siren alarm simulates star trek red alert
The signal starts at a low frequency, rises for about 1.15 seconds to a high frequency, ceases for about 0.35 seconds, then starts rising again from a low frequency, and so on ad infinitum.
LED Electronic roulette
Ul (a 4046 PLL containing a voltage controlled oscillator or VCO, two phase comparators, a source follower, and a Zener diode) is used to produce a low-frequency, pulsed output of about 40 Hz. The VCO's frequency range is determined by R6 and C2, which can be altered by varying the voltage at pin 9. The rising voltage causes the frequency to...
This circuit can be built small enough to frt inside a toy. The circuit consists of a relaxation oscillator utilizing one unijunction transistor (2N2646, MU10, TIS43). R2 and C2 determine the frequency of the tone. Pushing the button, SW1 charges up the capacitor and the potential at the junction of R2 and C2 rises, causing an upswing in the...
Tape recorder interface
The interface allows data to be saved on an ordinary tape recorder at a speed of 2400 bit/s. The serial stream of data Fig. 1 (A) is coded with a clock of 2400 Hz (B), by means of XOR gate IC 1/1. Logical "high" and "low" appear as shown in Fig. 2 (C). These impulses are lowered in amplitude and feed into the record input of a low cost tape...
Three lights are controlled by the three channels. One light will pulse in response to the bass, another illuminates with mid-range sounds, and the last lights for high notes. Four level controls allow adjustment of overall light level and each channel individually.
Sounds from the IC IT82207
This circuit is able to take you to the world of the Wild West. For this it uses the integrated 18-pin IT82207 (IC1) of Holtek, which literally takes care of everything. You have to do is add a few accessories, including a loudspeaker and six selector switches.
Simple color organ
Transformer Tl can be any matching transistor type in the range of 500/500 to 2500/2500 ohms. No connections from the SCR or its components are connected to ground. For safety's sake, keep the 117-V line voltage from the amplifier connectionsâ€” that is the reason for using Tl. To adjust, set potentiometer Rl "off" and adjust the amplifier...
Ultrasonic Bat reciever
You won't be disappointed with the performance of this sensitive ultrasonic receiver. It can let you listen to bugs, bats, engines, and virtually any other source of ultrasonic sounds. The circuit uses a piezo tweeter as an ultrasonic microphone, amplifier stages Ql, Q2, and an LO using a 567 IC. Q3 is a mixer that heterodynes the ultrasonic...
Electronic games schematic circuit
Today, we share a principle circuit of electronic games. The main circuit in accordance with the host through the IC2 reset press SB2, VD1A-VD9A not light. Prizes (for example 5) Which position by the number of people pointing Dot Award, the host closing the
Toy police car circuit
Circuit works: VT1 is integrated infrared receiver, the red-emitting diode Xiao perimeter triode reception. IC1 (NE556) is a dual time base manifold by R5, R6, C5, composed of an oscillation circuit, the oscillation frequency is about 1 200 Hz, by 5 feet to
Lego Double Rotation Sensor
An opto-interrupter made with Lego beams, regular parts, a 6 hole pulley wheel and an axle.
Shaking electronic LED Dice
I've always wanted to build an electronic led dice, but something different from what we see on the internet. Making it motion controlled... now that's new! Many new cell phones that have accelerometers built in also have dice games. These dice move when shaking the cell phone. My Led Dice project will also work with a shake motion but without...
555 Timer Circuits
RC Model Toy Circuits
H Bridge Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial