Bells Ring Generator Circuit Schematic

Posted on Feb 7, 2014

This circuit generates a dual-tone bells ringing similar to most door-bell units. It can be used in many applications other than door-bell. In the Notes below several options will be given in order to suit different needs. The circuit as shown in the diagram generates a `Ding-tone` when P1 is pressed and a `Dong-tone` when P1 is released. IC1D is

Bells Ring Generator Circuit Schematic
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the first-tone frequency generator and IC1F generates the second-tone. Q2, Q5 and related components act as shape and decay controls of the two tones, trying to imitate as close as possible the bells sound. Their outputs are mixed (R7 & R13), filtered (C5) and boosted by a simple class-A audio amplifier (Q3 & Q4) in order to drive the loudspeaker. The amplifier is switched-on by Q1 when P1 is pressed, then is switched-off some seconds after P1 is released: this time-delay is fixed by C1 & R2. In this way the circuit will draw a negligible current when in stand-by mode. To obtain a "Ding-Dong" operation when pushing on P1, no matter when it is released, you must modify the circuit as shown in the frame placed at the low-right corner of the circuit diagram. D4 must be removed. C10 & R15 set the time-delay separating first and second tone. An amusing application of this circuit wired as in the original schematic, is to use a photo-resistor in place of P1, then placing the unit near the flashing lamps of your Christmas tree. A soft bell sound may be heard at switch-on and switch-off of the lamp chosen. To obtain higher output power you may substitute R8, Q3 & Q4 with an audio amplifier IC like the LM386 or LM380. In this case power supply must be raised to 6 - 12V but at the same time R4 & R10 should be changed to adjust bell-tone frequencies.

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