Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Data Bus Circuits
Data Bus Circuits
Data Acquisition System I
The HI-506 multiplexer is used as an analog input selector, controlled by a binary counter to address the appropr
Data Acquisition System Ii
In this circuit, an HA-4900 series comparator is used in conjunction with a D/A converter to form a simple, vers
Carrier Current Transmitter For Data Transmission
In this circuit, data at input C is amplified by IC2 and then fed to modulator IC1. IC1 g
Carrier-Current Receiver For Data Transmission
This receiver consists of an input network amplifier IC7 FSK PLL detector ICG, and output am
Low-Jitter Clock for High-Speed Data Converters
Figure 1 illustrates the simplified block diagram of a typical high-speed data converter system. The system consists of a bandpass filter, ADC, high-frequency clock, high-speed storage device, and post processing unit. Aside from the MAX104, the high-frequency clock plays a significant role in determining the accuracy of a high-speed data...
visible optical link for RS-232C
The design in Figure 1 is a visible optical link for those who need to see the transmitted data. An isolation figure of more than 5000V is a bonus. Tests of the system used the COM input of a data-acquisition system, as well as a standard PC`s COM port. The MC1489 converts the RS-232C data to TTL signals. A 7404 gate then inverts the signal. The...
PC monitors two-way RS-232 transmission
The method in Figure 1a needs no access or knowledge of the communicating devices. A C program opens two COM ports and installs interrupt-service routines for IRQ4 and IRQ3. Upon the reception of an interrupt, the routine stores a byte in a common circular buffer with the COM identifier and error flags. The main program displays the contents of...
3.3V & 5V Regulator to Run Computer & RS232
The circuit consists of two sections, one being a DC/DC converter and the other being a pair of dual N-channel MOSFETs and their associated high-side drivers that effectively form a DPDT switch.
RS232 Interface Circuits
The rapid, widespread use of 3.3V logic circuits complicates the selection of RS232 interface circuits. The optimum choice of an interface circuit should be based upon several application dependent factors: 1) Logic circuitry connected to interface chip 2) Power supply voltages available 3) Power consumption constraints 4) Serial...
RS232/RS485 Multiprotocol Transceiver
The RS232 transceiver supports both RS232 and EIA-562 standards, whereas the RS485 transceiver supports both RS485 and RS422 standards. The logic input (MODE) selects between RS232 and RS485 modes. With three additional control logic inputs (RXEN, DXEN and ON), the LTC1387 adapts easily, as shown in Table 1, to various communications...
RS232 Connections wiring up
While the normal PC hardware might well run with just Tx, Rx and Ground connected, most driver software will wait forever for one of the handshaking lines to go to the correct level. Depending on the signal state it might sometimes work, other times it might not. The reliable solution is to loop back the handshake lines if they are not used.
RS-232 Powered Temperature Sensor
A state-of-the-art silicon temperature sensor like MAX6577 measures a remote temperature far from the host system. The temperature sensor converts this temperature into a square wave with a frequency proportional to the absolute temperature of its package, while drawing little supply current from the power source. The amplitude of the output...
RS485-like multi-drop bus
PBUS is an RS485-like multi-drop bus for interconnecting PIC and other microcontroller-driven devices. Protocol and software is written by Jap. Just include a separate pbus library file into your project and add your command handlers for the specific device in a few lines.
RS232 Transceivers circuits
Hand held computers are rapidly moving to 3V logic to save power. Yet higher voltage buses are still utilized elsewhere in the system for display driving and other functions. The LT1330 is functionally equivalent to the LT1237 but operates from 5V with a separate logic supply to interface directly with 3V logic.
One-Wire Serial Bus Carries Isolated Power And Data
Medical and industrial applications often require galvanic isolation of 2500 V ac or higher for the safety of patients and equipment operators. The isolation barrier conveys not only power to the sensing element, but also data to or from that element. Each data signal crossing the barrier-requires isolation. Consequently, designers can typically s
Lin-bus Hid Lamp Levelling Stepper Motor Control Using Motorola 908e625 Reference Design
Mc68hc908ey16 Controlled Robot Using The Lin Bus
System Oscillator Crystal/Ceramic Oscillator. The following circuit combination of resistors, capacitors and inductors depicts an equivalent cir- cuit for a crystal or ceramic Oscillator
TS4956 Stereo Audio Amplifier System With I2C Bus Interface
The TS4962 is a differential class-D BTL power Amplifier It is able to drive up to 2. 2W into a 4, load and 1. 4W into a 8, load at 5V. It achieves outstanding efficiency (88% typ. ) compared to standard AB-class Audio amps. By STMicroelectronics
Using Tps54672 In Ddr Memory/active Bus Termination Applications
UTC7642 is suitable for low voltage portable Radio cassette system and other Wireless AM system. The package of UTC7642 is TO-92. By LianShun Electronics Co. , Ltd
HS-3182 ARINC 429 Bus Interface Line Driver Circuit
The HS-3182 is a monolithic dielectrically isolated bipolar differential line driver designed to meet the specifications of ARINC 429. This Device is intended to be used with a companion chip, HS-3282 CMOS ARINC Bus Interface Circuit, which provides the data formatting and processor interface function. All logic inputs are TTL and CMOS compatible.
MAX34446 PMBus Power-Supply Data Logger
Overview: The MAX34446 data logger for power supplies can monitor voltages for overvoltage and undervoltage, as well as for overcurrent conditions and overtemperature conditions. The device constantly checks for userprogrammable thresholds; when th..
Battery management system block diagram based on CAN data bus
Serial data transfer circuit into shift registers with parallel output to data bus
Digital to Analog Circuits
Analog to Digital Circuits
Data Logging Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial
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