Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Data Logging Circuits
Data Logging Circuits
For multiplying frequencies in the 1-to 150-Hz range, this circuit uses a 4046B and a 100 prescaler. The VCO output
Temperature Sensor Project
Just a handful of components builds an 8-pin microcontroller based circuit for temperature logging via a serial port; small, fast, and acceptably accurate.
Passive circuit monitors AES data
The circuit in Figure 1 efficiently monitors common digital-audio signals. One format for such signals is the Audio Engineering Society (AES) 44.1- or 48-kHz standard. Typically, the data consists of a serial data stream with a data rate of approximately 1 Mbps. A lower frequency pulse interspersed in the data stream synchronizes data frames...
Controlling The Real World With Computers
The hardware is shown in the picture (might take a little while to load). Don`t be the least bit concerned if you don`t understand everything in the first few paragraphs below. Their purpose is to provide a brief description of the hardware to those who understand the terminology. The terms will be second-nature by the time you finish the...
Ultrasonic range finder
An ultrasonic, or sonar, range finder is a common sensor in robotic systems and industrial environments. Even home and automotive uses are possible. A novel sensor design consists of a WC, a few peripheral components, and a pair of ultrasonic transducers (Figure 1). The range-finder module consists of a WC, a transmitter, a receiver, a...
Interfacing DS2155 to MPC8260
Application Note 381 contains information necessary to interface the Motorola MPC8260 processor to the DS2155 T1/E1/J1 Single Chip Transceiver (SCT). The application note covers interfacing both the address and data processor bus and the communications serial bus. Interfacing the processor bus of the MPC8260 to the DS2155 is straight forward and...
MAX1407 Complete Data Acquisition System
A design example for a portable data acquisition system is offered that greatly simplifies the circuit design task. A reduction from seven components down to three components is accomplished with a design that has lower system cost, faster time-to-market, smaller size, better performance, and higher reliability.
Data Conversion, Interface and Signal Conditioning
Like its predecessor, AN67, this Application Note includes circuits for high speed video, interface and hot swap circuits, active RC and switched capacitor filter circuitry and a variety of data conversion and instrumentation circuits.
Keyboard data-acquisition system
The most important criteria of a data-acquisition system for college science laboratories are simplicity and price rather than precision or speed. The data-acquisition system in Figure 1 offers adequate precision of less than 0.5% and speed of 1 Hz to replace the outdated laboratory chart recorder in student laboratories. You can install the...
Small Lie Detector
Here`s a simple lie detector that can be built in a few minutes, but can be incredibly useful when you want to know if someone is really telling you the truth. It is not as sophisticated as the ones the professionals use, but it works. It works by measuring skin resistance, which goes down when you lie.
Data Conversion, Interface and Signal Processing
Application Note 67 is a collection of circuits from the first five years of Linear Technology, targeting data conversion, interface and signal processing applications. This Application Note includes circuits such as fast video multiplexers for high speed video, an ultraselective bandpass filter circuit with adjustable gain and a fully...
The circuit diagram of the Lie Detector is shown above. It consists of three transistors (TR1 to TR3), a capacitor (C1), two lights or LEDs (L1 & L2), five resistors (R1 to R5), and a variable resistor (VR1). This circuit is based on the fact that a person`s skin resistance changes when they sweat (sweating because they`re lying). Dry...
Precision Digital Altimeter
The current concept incorporates a wireless transmitter and receiver and is thought to be used for remote controlled airplanes or appliances with two seperate parts. In other words, we have one dedicated transmitter (acquisition, filtering) and one dedicated receiver part (user-interface, look-up table, calibration, storage), capable of being...
Digital-Output Sensor Simplifies Temperature Acquisition
The TMP03* is a complete temperature data-acquisition system on a monolithic silicon chip. Including a silicon-based sensor, internal voltage reference, and sigma-delta A/D converter, it fits in a 3-pin (power, common, and output) TO-92 transistor package. Its digital output is a low-frequency variable-duty-cycle serial data stream, available at...
Data-acquisition system uses fault protection
Sensitive systems, such as those in aircraft, must withstand fault conditions, thereby avoiding component and system damage, because a sensor failure could cause a catastrophic event to occur. A channel protector, comprising two n-channel MOSFETs connected in series with a p-channel MOSFET, can protect sensitive components from voltage...
Data-acquisition circuit measures everything
Using a product developed for PC-motherboard environmental monitoring, you can configure a low-cost, general-purpose DAS (data-acquisition system) (Figure 1). The DAS can directly monitor multiple voltage channels as well as temperature and frequency. It can also directly monitor digital sensors. Using only a few additional components, the...
Data Acquisition Circuits
This application note features 8-, 10-, and 12-bit data acquisition components in various circuit configurations. The circuits include battery monitoring, temperature sensing, isolated serial interfaces, and microprocessor and microcontroller serial and parallel interfaces. Also included are voltage reference circuits (Application Note 42...
16-Channel, 24-Bit Accurate Solutions for Data Acquisition
The circuit in Figure 1 shows the versatility of the LTC2418. A combination of single-ended, differential, unipolar and bipolar input sources are simultaneously applied to the LTC2418.
Below is a rough schematic of the layout of the accelerometer PC board looking from the component side. The microcontroller is an Atmel AT89S8252, an 8051 clone. This microcontroller is in-circuit programmable using an SPI interface. The SPI pins are also used to drive the MMC. To permit the dual use there is a jumper block (located below the...
PC-Based Data-Acquisition Board
This application note describes techniques of using a PC based Digital I/O Board to characterize analog-to-digital converters (ADCs). It will look at static DC parameters such as integral nonlinearity (INL), differential nonlinearity (DNL), gain, and offset errors, but also noise, internal reference voltage, and channel-to-channel coupling and...
Analog-Signal in Industrial Automation
Industrial control systems continue to employ standard analog signals for transmitting data between the process and the control equipment. Robust, 4-to-20mA current-loop signals that are easily transmitted over several thousand feet, ±5 and ±10V signals are also very common in industrial systems. This application note showcases Maxim`s...
Single-Ended Signal Conditioning Circuits
The LTC®2400 is the industrys first No Latency TM ADC that combines automatic offset and full-scale calibration, an internal oscillator, a sinc4 digital filter, and serial I/O to yield a 24-bit ADC with 1.5µVRMS input noise and singleshot conversion time architecture. It is the ideal A/D converter for temperature measurement and high...
Digital Storage Oscilloscope Adapter
A follow up Mk2 version described by EA`s Jim Rowe in the May/June/July 94 issues of EA improved on the original with calibrated time and vertical scales, and extra triggering features. This design proved even more popular than the first, proving that there is a genuine need for such a low audio bandwidth PC based scope.
Arduino SD Cards and Datalogging
Now that we`ve covered the basics in tutorials 1-10 (you have watched them all right! ), it`s time to start pursuing some more complex projects! In this episode, we`ll utilize an SD card shield from cooking-hacks. com to create a datalogger. First, I`ll walk you through the process of reading from, and writing to an SD card. Then, we`ll utilize som
DIY FrSky GPS Telemetry Sensor with Logging
Following last year`s rediscovery of radio controlled flight, I`ve recently become enamored with the hacking/mod potential of the downright bargain priced 9-channel FlySky FS-TH9X transmitter (also sold as Turnigy/Eurgle etc). The original 2. 4GHz RF module and firmware are quite useable, already making this a fairly capable piece of kit considerin
Engine Data Logging STM32
Data logging with an EEPROM
Your task is to use the PIC to log data from an analog input on an EEPROM, and after the data collection is over, to send the data back from the EEPROM to a PC running matlab. Use an interrupt service routine to read an analog input and write the value to an external EEPROM using I2C. After reading in a fixed number of samples, perhaps 1, 000 or 10
sd card logging
This documentation was compiled as a result of a bee hive temperature monitoring project. Multiple DS18B20 temperature sensors were used to sense the temperature at various locations in the hive. An Arduino with a Nuelectronics sensor shield was used to log the readings to an SD card. The RTC (Real time clock) on the shield was used to add a time
High speed data switch circuit
This circuit is a small representation of a very low cost printer sharer i made very long ago. This is as much i can remember of the basic ideas behind the product.
self made data logger
Version V2. 9 supports also GPS-receiver with ANTARIS chipset and simultaneously using of internal temperature sensor of MS5534A and external DS1820 sensor. This version can use 24C256, 24C512 or 24C1024 EEPROMs and has an internal `bootloader` implemented. V2. 9h supports DS18S20 temperature sensors, 2-wire connection for the
Ultrasonic Range & Imager
This is the electronic schematic of the homebuilt SONAR. Only one piezoelectric transducer is used for both transmit & receive. This transducer is switched from TX to RX via the four 4016 switches. A high gain amplifier stage & rectifier translates the received echoes into voltage pulses. The timing is controlled by the PIC12C508 8-pin microcontro
Digital to Analog Circuits
Analog to Digital Circuits
Data Bus Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial