Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Digital to Analog Circuits
Digital to Analog Circuits
DA conversion circuit
D/A conversion circuit by the DAC0832 and op amplifier LM358, etc., there are two bad-out channel, unipolar voltage output. Digital output range: OO-H FFH, corresponding to an
Two 8-bit dacs make a 12-bit dac
Two MC1408â€”8-bit D/A converters, A and in the circuit diagram, are used. The four least-significant bits of A are tied to zero. The four most significant bits of the 12-bit data are connected to the remaining four input pins. The eight least significant bits of the 12-bit data are connected to the eight input pins of B. The four most...
12-Bit dac with variable step size
The step size of the converter is variable by selection of the high order data bits. The first DAC, A, has a stable reference current supplied via the 10.24 V reference IC and Rl. R2 provides bias cancellation. As shown, only the first 4 MSB inputs are used, giving a step size of 225/256 2.048/16 = 0.127 mA. This current supplies the reference...
This circuit will convert four-bit BCD into a variable voltage from 0-9 V in 1 V steps. The SN74141 is a Nixie driver, and has ten open-collector outputs. These are used to ground a selected point in the divider chain determined by the BCD code at the input, and so produce a corresponding voltage at the output. Accuracy of the circuit depends on...
The following applications circuits are intended to illustrate the following points: A 2-KO resistor should be in series with V + to limit supply current with negative ringing oi the bit. inputs. Temperature compensation for Rns(on) can be provided in the feedback path of the op amp.
The front end of the DAC is configured differentially using dual eight-input IC multiplexer 1H6216 and three LM156 op amps. Following the differential amplifier is the programmable gain stage discussed earlier, with a low-pass filter on the output feeding the IH5110 sample and hold amplifier. The output of the IH5110 is connected to the...
Three CD4007 A IC packages perform the switch function using a 10-V logic level. A single 15-V supply provides a positive bus for the follower amplifier and feeds the CA3085 voltage regulator. The scale adjust function is provided by the regulator output control, which is set to a nominal10 V in this system. The line-voltage regulation...
Where N is the binary number from 0 to 15 formed by the digital input. If the analog input is a fixed de reference, the circuit is a conventional 4-bit D to ac signal, in which case the output is the product of the analog signal and the digital signal. The circuit on the left is a programmable attenuator with weights of 0, 1/4, 1/2, or 3/4....
This peak detector uses a CA3100 BiMOS op amp as a wide-band noninverting amplifier to provide essentially constant gain for a wide range of input frequencies. The IN914 clips the negative half of VfN (R4)/(R3) (R5).
Digital To Analog Converter Circuit
Figure A is an R/2R resistor ladder. Each switch that is closed increases the amount of current at . A simple channel A/D converter is shown in Fig. B. The voltage reference (D2) is common to all channels, but-the value of the dropping resistor (R9) varies as the number of DACs installed in the system. IC15 is a DAC0808 A/D converter chip.
Easy to adjust high-precision PWM pulse width modulation 12-bit DA converter
4096 times the input frequency PWM clock signal, counts up (Q three ), until the base is full ICi-IC3 (sweet day), the output point d a MAX clock signal, which on the one hand
The basic structure of the DA conversion circuit multiplexer
33. DA converter circuit ; Shows the basic structure of the multi-channel D/A converter circuit, it can be more consistent with the encoded signal is converted into a digital s
Multiplicative DA converter IC inexpensive 8 DA circuit
ICi latch is used to lock the digital data clock signal rises ~ Qu holding data port AD7s23 thin film resistor ladder and c- Jing switch 08 constitute 8-bit DAC, the reference voltage
Audio DA converter and amplifier circuit
MP4 audio circuitry is shown, it is by the audio D/A converters and audio amplifier combination circuit, which has a body product circuit simple, suitable for use in small MP4 digital machines.
8-bit bus control widely used 12-bit DA converter Universal
8 microcomputer data is 8-bit parallel output, in addition to the serial input of D -A converters, in general, have to enter the data into two groups, and to Chen whole. Requir
Typical DA conversion circuit 8
8 shows a typical D/A conversion circuit, which uses DAC0830/DAC0832 chip, the microprocessor will output 8 -bit digital signal into an analog signal.
The basic structure of the DA converter
A/D converter circuit can be represented by a simplified circuit shown in Figure 4 is a (bit) parallel type A/D converter circuit, the so-called median is the number of bits in
Multiplicative -DA converter electronic attenuator
AD7s23 is an 8-bit multiplication DA converter, the output voltage of the analog input and the digital input of the product. Inside! Unit consists of eight analog switches (cha
DAC`s outputs from single-ended to differential mode
High-speed DACs, such as Analog Devices` AD9776/78/79 TxDAC family, offer differential outputs, but, for low-end ac applications or high-precision level-setting applications, a single-ended current-output DAC with a differential-conversion circuit provides a novel approach to generating differential-waveform-control functions.
Recording Power Cycling Information Using the DS1602/DS1603
The DS1602 and DS1603 from Dallas Semiconductor offer a simplified hardware solution for keeping time as well as tracking powered up time of a system. The DS1602 and DS1603 can be read and written directly by a microprocessor or microcontroller using simple software; however, a more creative software algorithm can be used to track years, months,...
DAC and Op Amp Generate Variable Negative Control Voltage
This design idea describes a simple circuit to generate a programmable negative control voltage. It takes the output of a single supply digital-to-analog converter (DAC) and produces a variable negative voltage. The DAC output from 0V to +2.5V is converted to 0V to -5V at the output. These early DACs (such as the MX7837/MX7847 and MAX523)...
Interface Design DS2151 and DS2152
The transmitter output drivers present a low impedance to inbound surges and must be able to drive sufficient current in the primary of the transmit transformer in order to produce the required output pulse at the network interface. The receiver inputs present a high impedance to inbound surges and require very little input current to operate....
DAC and op amp provide variable-control voltage
Early DACs contained standard R-2R ladder networks, and produced a negative output voltage. These early DACs, such as the MAX7837/7847 and the MAX523, require both positive and negative supply rails to accommodate their negative output. With the transition to single-supply ICs, however, many modern DACs operate with a single supply rail and an...
DDS IC plus frequency-to-voltage converter make low-cost DAC
Precision DACs are essential in many consumer, industrial, and military applications, but high-resolution DACs can be costly. Frequency-to-voltage converters have good nonlinearity specificationstypically, 0.002% for the AD650and are inherently monotonic. This Design Idea shows how you can use a frequency-to-voltage converter and a DDS...
Deglitching Techniques for High-Voltage R-2R DACs
In an R-2R DAC design with supply voltages exceeding ±5V, large voltage glitches (up to 1.5V) can occur during the DAC`s major-carry transitions. These glitches can propagate through the output buffer amplifier and appear at output. The slewing of the level shifters that control the top (VREF+) and bottom (VREF-) single-pole double-throw...
Digital-Analog Converters Are a "Bit" Analog
Despite the popularity of digital devices, real world signals are typically represented by analog signals. Digital control systems process real world analog signals by using an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) to convert analog signals to digital. Conversions back to analog signals are accomplished using a digital-to-analog converter (DAC)....
Double DAC rate by using mixers as switches
You can effectively double the sample rate of a DAC by interleaving two DACs into a single unit. Updating each DAC on an alternating basis and switching to the appropriate output double the effective throughput of the overall system. It is essential to overall performance that you use a high-quality, high-speed switch in the multiplexing of the...
DPPs make nonvolatile microvolt DAC
The availability of a seemingly limitless variety of monolithic DAC chips makes it easy to implement most digital-to-analog-conversion applications with a single off-the-shelf device. Sometimes, an unusual set of requirements necessitates a multichip approach, however. One example of such a requirement is the need for nonvolatility of the DAC`s...
Dual, Voltage-Output DAC Consumes Miniscule Power
The dual, voltage-output DACs shown in the figure below employ a combination of power-conserving tricks to draw less than 20µA from a 5V supply. The circuit suits a need for programmable voltage generation in slow or static applications, such as the nulling of offsets in a micropower instrument.
Force/Sense DAC Applications
This article discusses application circuits for Maxim force/sense digital-to-analog converters (DACs). Applications include: selectable fixed-gain DAC, programmable gain DAC, photodiode bias control, amperometric sensor control, digitally programmable current source, Kelvin load sensing, temperature sensing, and high current DAC output. A brief...
Methods of Controlling Laser Drivers: POTs and DACs
A laser module designer can use a fixed resistor, mechanical pot, digital pot, or a digital-to-analog converter (DAC) to control the laser driver`s modulation and bias currents. The advantages of a programmable method (POT or DAC) are that the manufacturing process can be automated and digital control can be applied (e.g., to compensate for...
PC and DACs generate two simple analog outputs
The simple and inexpensive circuit in Figure 1 generates two PC-controlled analog reference voltages. You supply a wall-adapter supply and a parallel connector, and the circuit is ready to run. The circuit uses two 12-bit AD7243 DACs, which require only one supply voltage. These converters also include internal references, minimizing the number...
Analog to Digital Circuits
Data Logging Circuits
Data Bus Circuits
255W Valve RF Transmitter circuit
This transmitter of 255W is depended on the coils we put at it to work in both the middle and the short waves. The power in the antenna is 255W and includes 4 states. The first consists of the EF80 that works as a COLLPITS CLAPP oscillator. Frequency selection is done in a somewhat unusual way: Instead of the variable capacitor, it uses a...
Arduino DAC Signal Generator project
Once the circuit gets current, all variables are initialized and the loop function is continually running. Initially all LEDs are off and there is no signal at the output. By pressing the signal switch, the first light that shows the most signal is at the output and the D0-D7 terminals give the appropriate signal which, when passing from the...
Recording circuit of phone conversations using PC
This circuit is used to record telephone conversations on your landline telephone. All you will need is this small circuit and subscription of your PC. There are few times when we forget what we said or told us. So we need recording. Sometime, not many years ago, recording of this kind of conversation was done with a small tape recorder. The...
FM Micro-Transmitter Bug Surveillance Circuit
The transmitter we recommend to build is quite simple. It can even be built by a beginner. However, unlike the ease of construction and its small size, it is almost certain that it will impress you with its outstanding performance. Its autonomy is 12-15 hours, with a 9 volt battery and its range is from 100 to 300 meters depending on the...
Construction of 50Watt 8Ω two-way Hi-Fi Speakers
The presented speakers are distinguished for their small dimensions and their extraordinary sound. Our home space is often limited and prohibitive for large speakers. This limitation does not mean that we will stay without high Sound Quality. Its design is simple, low cost and is easy to construct. Speaker types are too many and are designed in...
GSM modem circuit with Wavecom WMOi3
Modems are devices that connect either remote devices to a computer, or two or more computers to each other. Their connection is usually wired. The GSM modem we present is wireless. It can connect two computers, a computer with the internet or even be the central unit for a data acquisition system. Generally the construction is a GSM phone...
1W UHF Linear Amplifier with BLW33
This circuit is an amplifier for small transmitters operating in the UHF band, specifically in the 450-800MHz range. The amplifier works in class A and we used the well-known Philips BLW33 transistor for its manufacture. The construction, although simple, can be said to be quite critical due to the high frequency singularity. To achieve this, a...
8W Amplifier with TDA2003 circuit
Many times a small amplifier is needed to meet the needs of small spaces. This amplifier can be either mono or stereo, with this circuitry you can comfortably drive two small speakers. To build the amplifier you do not need anything but a few materials and a small power supply. The power of the amplifier, although low power, will solve many...
FM Linear Amplifier 400mW
This amplifier is intended for amplifying low signals from oscillators in the FM band. It does not have frequency regulators with variable capacitors and coils, it has a wide range and moderate power capable of driving several linear amplifiers. The whole construction is based on the two low-power 2N4427 transistors, which are designed for the...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial
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