Ac-To-Dc Converter

  
By coupling two back-to-back diodes in series with an ac power circuit, a voltage of about 1.4 Vpp can be obtained. This
Ac-To-Dc Converter - schematic

voltage is useful for exciting the primary coil of a small transformer. The voltage induced in the secondary coil can then be rectified and used to power solid-state control circuits. The forward-voltage drop of the diodes is inherently constant and stable over a wide range of ac-circuit power variations. The resulting voltage developed across the transformer windings is also free from variation that might be caused by changes in the circuit"s current or voltage. In the circuit, a lamp (LMP-1) is connected to the primary ac input line (Ll and L2) through a pair of inverse-parallel-connected power diodes (Dl and D2). As power flows to the lamp, a drop of about 0.7 V is alternatively developed across each of the diodes. This voltage feeds the primary of a small transformer (Tl). T1 can be a small 8- to 500- transistor radio output, etc. This will deliver about 11 Vpp across its secondary winding. LMP1 can be a small 120-V lamp of 5 to 25 W, etc.




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