Pulse Voltage Multiplier

Posted on Jun 28, 2012

It still uses a transistor to do some switching, and it still needs a pair of diodes and capacitors, as would be used in a conventional multiplier, but it doesn't require a steady stream of pulses and the output voltage is set by a resistor divider as the 100k and 150k resistors make 2 volts that are added to the 10 volt pulse on the transistors' collector. What it doesn't need is a steady stream of pulses to keep the output voltage pumped up all the time. The basic multiplier cell was inspired by a discussion I had with a well know laser scientist, Mr. Christoph Krah, about laser triggering circuits. After I finished this circuit, I sent it to Mr. Krah to get his opinion of how this circuit related to some of those we discussed years ago.

Pulse Voltage Multiplier
Click here to download the full size of the above Circuit.

For many of applications, the diode on the left side can be omitted and the 1k resistor changed to 100k.. This simplifies the circuit at the cost of slightly increasing the rate of droop of the voltage across the first 100 uf capacitor since it will discharge into the 100k resistor as well as driving the base resistor for the transistor and driving the load and 100k/150k voltage divider. There is no free lunch with this circuit. If the pulse is initiated before the 150k AND 100K resistors charge the 100 uf capacitor sufficiently (60k x 100 uf = 6 seconds), the output voltage will be lower than intended. The charge time of the circuit can be decreased by reducing the values of the capacitors, the output 100 uf capacitor having the most effect because of the high resistance charge path. Reducing the size of the capacitors will make the output pulse droop more quickly. It should be noted that this circuit also makes a 0 to 10 volt pulse, which appears on the collector of the transistor. If a 0 to 10 volt pulse is desired, the circuitry to the right of the transistor's base resistor may be omitted.

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