Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
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AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
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Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
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voltage to frequency
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Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Digital Camera 5 channel power supply MAX1565
Digital Camera 5 channel power supply MAX1565 5 shows a digital camera power supply channel MAX1565, seen from the figure, the chip offers a number of road width signal generat
One leg of the photocell (Rl) is tied to the +15 volt supply and the other end is connected to ground through resistor R2, forming a voltage-divider network. The non-inverting input of the 741 op amp, IC1, is tied to the junction formed by Rl and R2, while its inverting input is grounded through resistor R3. When switch SI is pressed, another...
Automatic contrast meter
The circuit arrangement consists of a photo-amplifier which feeds a voltage derived from varying light levels in an enlarger to a pair of peak detectors. One follows the peak positive voltage and the other the peak negative voltage. The capacitors used for storing the voltage peaks in the followers also form part of sample and hold circuits...
The darkroom timer/controller uses few external components: a display, a digit driver, keyboard, and output switching devices. A 4-digit common-cathode LED display is desirable for dark room environments. The time base is provided by shaping up the 50/60 Hz ac line. A DPDT switch (Si) is used to select a resolution of or 1 seconds and to...
Photo stop action
This circuit gives multiple "stop-action" photographic effects like showing a bouncing ball in up to nine locations in a single photograph. The circuit will automatically fire the bulbs sequentially with the time between each firing variable. The circuit is functionally complete except for the actual firing system. In many cases, a simple SCR...
Sound activated strobe trip
Take strobe-flash pictures the instant a pin pricks a balloon, a hammer breaks a lamp bulb or a bullet leaves a gun. Use a transistor amplifier of 1-watt rating or less. (It must have an output transformer) The amplifier is terminated with a resistor on its highest output impedance, preferably 16 ohms
Flash slave driver
In photography r a separate flash, triggered by the light of a master flash light, is often required to provide more light, fill-in shadows etc. The sensitivity of this circuit depends on the proximity of the master flash and the value of Rl
Remote flash trigger
Transistor Ql is a light-activated silicon-controlled rectifier (LASCR). The gate is tripped by light entering a small iens built into the top cap. To operate, provide a 6-in. length of stiff wire for the anode andcathodeconnections and terminate the wires in a polarized power plug that matches the sync terminals on your electronic flashgun...
You can set the interval from about 5-30 seconds. A relay operates the slide-change mechanism. Op amp Ul forms a sort of Schmitt trigger. Resistors Rl and R2 bias the noninverting input at pin 3 of Ul to half the supply voltage. Feedback resistor R3 increases or reduces the bias to pin 3, depending on whether the output of Ul is high or low....
Transistor Ql remains off until the magnetic switch connected to Jl closes. When that happens, the 9 Vis connected through Rl to Ql"S base. Ql turns on, thereby charging C2 through relay Kl, which causes Kl "s contacts to close. Since the contacts connect viaJ2 to the remote control jack in the camera, which in tum connects to the camera"s...
The NE555 circuit is a basic one-shot timer with a relay connected between the output and ground. It is triggered with the normally open momentary contact switch, which when operated, grounds the trigger input at pin 2. This causes a high output to energize Kl which closes the normally open contacts in the lamp circuit. They remain closed...
Insulated-gate, field-effect transistor (IGFET), Q2 and silicon photo cell Zl form the heart of this circuit. Transformer T1 is an audio-output type, but it"s reversed in the circuit. A sudden flash from a photoflash unit detected by Zl sends a voltage pulse through the low-impedance winding of Tl via Rl. That voltage pulse is stepped-up in...
This circuit is used for remote photographic flash units that flash at the~ame time as the flash attached to the camera. This circuit is designed to the trigger cord or hot shoe connection of a commercial portable flash unit and triggers the unit from the light produced by the light of the flash unit attached to the camera. This provides...
This circuit will record commentary and/ or music on one track of a tape and put the beeps that change the slides on another track. Gate U2a is used to trigger U1, which is configured as a timer when a pulse is received from either the tape input or via pushbutton switch Sl. Timer U2 outputs one pulse for every input pulse received, no matter...
Using the CA3164A BiMOS control chip consumes less than 15 pA during standby, yet it can provide 100 mA of chopped current to the de-to-de converter during the energy-reservoir charging cycle. The CA3164A drives tbe primary of T1 with symmetrically chopped current at a 400 to 2000 Hz rate. The CA3164Ns chopper frequency is about 500Hz;
The HA2541 is well-suited for use as the heart of an oscillator. In spite of the rudimentary diode limiting that is
S2 is used to initiate timing. A light-to-dark or dark-to-light transition stops this timer, depending on the setting of
Time-Delay Photo-Flash Trigger
Ql is a phototransistor that is normally illuminated by a beam of light. When the beam is intercoupled, pin
Camera Trip Circuit
This circuit was used to trip a camera shutter. Grounding pin 2 of U1 makes pin 4 of U1 go high. This triggers both tim
Slide Projector Auto Advance
A 4001 CMOS Quad NORgate is set up as an astable multivibrator, which drives a simple differentiator and relay
Analog Voltage Camera-Image Tracker
By using a low-cost RS-170 camera and this circuit, a voltage that trades the position of an object in
Enlarging Light Meter Circuit
Meter Ml, a +/-50-uA zero-center D`Arsonval meter movement is driven by Ul, a TL081 FET op amp, through R3. The gain of Ul is set at 11 by Rl and R2, while capacitor 01 is used to restrict the bandwidth of Ul to 1.6 Hz. Power for the circuit is derived from a simple dual-polarity 12- V power supply (consisting of Tl, D3, D4, 02, and 03). A...
Photo Strobe Circuit
Sound or light sensors corniected to J2 produce a voltage that is amplified by ICl-a and ICl-b. A positive trigger voltage that is developed by D1 and 1)3 and amplified by ICl-d, drives 1C2 and 1C1 to trigger SCR1. SCR1 is connected to a strobe.
Darkroom Timer Circuit
The electronic darkroom timer is built around a 555 oscillator/timer, a pair of general-purpose transistors, a buzzer, and an LED. The 555 (Ul) is configured as an astable multivibrator (free-running oscillator). The frequency of the oscillator is determined by the values through i3 and Cl through C4. Switch SI is used to divide the capacitor...
Enlarger Exposure Meter Circuit
Two gates of a 4011 arc used as a comparator. When the resistance of R4 decreases the voltage at pin 1 and 2 increases, producing a logic zero at pin 3, causing pin 4 to go high and activating the LED. R3 is calibrated in light units, or seconds exposure time. To calibrate, set pot R3 so as to just be on the LED ON/OFF threshold. With a light...
Phone camera flash control circuit
200mA peak current letter phone photo camera flash circuit, using a AAT3110-4.5 electrical capacitive charge pump chip, the phone lithium battery voltage boost and regulated to
Brush 6 channel camera power supply circuit MAX1566-1567
Brush 6 channel camera power supply circuit (MAX1566-1567) 6 shows a digital camera channel power supply circuit (MAX1566/1567), known by the ring, PWM generation circuit provi
Camera power supply circuit
Camera power supply circuit Shows the camera power supply circuit, the normal power supply in order to make the camera work properly, the power supply circuit is composed of a
Camera serializer/deserializer chip set
Many systems that require a user to manually enter data feature a keyboard similar to that in Figure 1. Although early keypads comprised arrays of individually wired switches, a typical modern keypad comprises a matrix of x and y lines. Pressing a key creates a momentary connection between an x line and a y line.
This circuit can be used for multiple cameras with one monitor. The circuit can be operated manually or automatically.
CMOS Digital Camera Controller
CMOS Digital Camera Controller and Frame Capture Device.
Digital camera subs as a scope camera
A digital camera can be a handy substitute for an oscilloscope camera for older scopes that cannot output hard copy or digital data. A digital camera provides instant results and allows you to easily enhance the image and then add it to reports or Web pages.
Video Mixer Circuits
Video Wall Circuits
TV Video Circuits
Video Modulator Circuits
Photo Flash Circuits
Video Amplifier Circuits
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Discrimination TR-IB Metal Detector Circuit
The metal detectors can be classified according to their principle of operation in those three categories: BFO, TR/IB and PI. Each of these methods has advantages as well as disadvantages. The ideal metal detector (do not look for it because it does not exist). It should take advantage of all the advantages of all methods while eliminating their...
Geiger–Müller meter circuit project
In this page we will show how you can simply construct such a meter, which is good to have one, to show not only the existence of radioactive materials but also the dangers arising from them. The Geiger–Müller counter can be compared to a photometer. The photometer measures the visible radiation. That is, light, while the gm meter measures the...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial
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