Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Light Laser LED Circuits
Construction LED circuit diagram CD4017 CD4011
Construction LED circuit shown in Figure. It requires manual power, after the circuit is powered, the light will blink to remind people to pay attention to safety.
Light emitting diode circuit of the temperature control
Explanation The circuit is nothing more than two light emitting diodes (D1 and D2), its position is controlled by the temperature of the surrounding environment. Here the tempe
MAX8596Z drive circuit diagram of eight white LED
Driving series white LED, flowing through the same song in each white LED current, it is possible to obtain a uniform brightness. The disadvantage of the tandem drive is the dr
Light emitting diode LED displays the basic structure of the driving circuit
Drive the light emitting diode is shown in the digital display circuit, the count signal to ICM7217 feet in the chip by the count and after the coding process to drive the digi
6 digit LED driver circuit
Configure National Semiconductors DS8877 drive circuit as shown, when the 6 digit calculator and digital current conjunction, the current range is 5 to 50mA. Drive does not req
Optical communication system
The circuit will modulate the light from the LED using a crystal microphone or a loudspeaker output. To obtain the maximum range, the optical system must be efficient (see example). Either a convex lens or a concave mirror can be used to convert the LED output into a parallel beam. The received light is concentrated onto a sensitive...
Multi-color LED driver
Have you ever wondered how many different colors can illuminate a LED? One, two or maybe three? Constructing this simple circuit, you will find it much more. The key component in this design is a dual LED. One such accessory includes two inside the 'slices' of different diode LED, that each of them produces a different color (usually green and...
Bar-graph indicator for ac signals
Indicator was designed for displaying the peak level of small ac signals from a variety of transducers including microphones, strain gauges and photodiodes. The circuit responds to input signals contained within the audio frequency spectrum, i.e., 30 Hz to 20 kHz, although a reduced response extends up to 40 kHz. Maximum sensitivity for the...
Led bar-graph driver
The circuit uses CA3290 BiMOS dual voltage comparators. Non-inverting inputs of A1 and A2 are tied to voltage divider reference. The input signal is applied to the inverting inputs.
When SI is on, power is applied to an oscillator composed of Ql, Rl, Cl, LI, and L2. Coil Ll is the primary winding of Tl, and L2 is the feedback winding. When Ql turns on, its collector current saturates Tl's ferrite core. That, in turn, removes the base drive to Ql through L2. Transistor Ql then turns off. As the field around Ll and L2 decays,...
Battery condition indicator
A 741 op amp is employed as a voltage comparator. The noninverting input is connected to zener reference source. Reference voltage is 5V. R2 is adjusted so that the voltage at the inverting input is half the supply voltage. When supply is higher than 10V, the LED will not light. When the supply falls just fractionally below the 10V level, the IC...
Precision battery voltage monitor
The precision voltage-monitor chip contains a temperature-compensated voltage reference. R1 divides down the battery voltage to match the built-in reference voltage of ICl (15 volts). When the voltage at pin 3 falls below 15 volts, pin 4 supplies a constant current of 7 mA to drive a small LED
Led bar-dot level meter
A simple level of power meter can be arranged to give a bar or dot display for a hi-fi system. Use green LEDs for 0 to 7; yellow for 8 and red for 9 to indicate peak power. The gain control is provided to enable calibration on the equipment with which the unit is used
Use a pair of Maxim"s 5V-powered MAX231 RS-232C transmitters as drivers to obtain a 2-color LED. The transmitters require only a singleended, 5-V input to generate Â± 10 V internally. Their outputs are short-circuit-proof and can supply as much as 10 mA-enough to drive most LEDs. Depending on which LED you select, their currentlimiting feature...
The pull-up transistor of the totem-pole output is used-to turn on the LED and the pull-down transistor is used to turn Â·off the LED. The lower impedance and higher current handling capability of the saturated pull-down transistor is used as an effective method of transferring the charge from the LED"s anode to ground as its dynamic...
When power is first turned on, two of the LEDs are on and the other two remain off until the timing cycle reverses. The LEDs flash in pairs, but by pressing and holding Sl closed until only one of the LEDs is on, and then releasing it, the four LEDs can be made to flash in sequential order. The number of LEDs flashing in a sequential ring can...
Inserting two 1-MO resistors, R1 and R2, in the output stage of one of the circuit"s inverters limits the current needed by the oscillator tone more than a few pA. This circuit includes a CD4007 package, which has three CMOS inverters. It forms a standard three-inverter oscillator. Resistors R1 and R2, in series with separate drains on...
The timing components are Rl, R2, and C,. Cl is a bypass capacitor used to reduce the effects of noise. At start-up, the voltage across C, is less than the trigger level voltage (1/3 Vnn). causing the timer to be triggered via pin 2. The output of the timer at pin 3 increases, turning LEDl off, LED2 on, the discharge transistor at pin 7 off,...
Uses a low cost CMOS IC to tum four LEDs on and off at a rate that is set by the values of R1, R2, Cl, and C2. The pulse rate for the component values given for R1 and R2 is about one cycle every four seconds. By lowering the values of Rl and R2 to 220 KO, the pulse rate increases to 1Hz. The LEDs flash in pairs, with LEDl and LED4 turning...
This indicator is basically a switch with hysteresis characteristics. If the input voltage momentarily (or permanently) exceeds the most positive reference level, LEDl is switched on. If, on the other hand, the voltage falls below the negative, or least positive, reference level, LEDl will be switched off and LED2 switched on.
The Â·circuit includes a peak detector that irrunediately drives the readout to any new higher signal level and slowly lowers it after the signal drops to zero. The readout is a moving dot or expanding bar display. The circuit can be expanded for a longer bar readout. Tapping five or more LED peakmeters into a frequency equalizer or series of...
Flashing Led Controller
The LED with integrated flasher is connected in series with the base-emitter junction of transistor Tl. Thus, the l
Ac Circuit Led Power Indicator
Many electronic circuits need an indication that they are under power; for most ac circuits, a neon lamp is
Mains Failure Indicator
When the mains voltage is present at the input terminals, the transistor in the optocoupler is on, T1 is off, and s
Battery-operated equipment can work on one set of batteries for a long time nowadays. However, if it is left on inadvertently,
Super Led Flasher Circuit
The super LED flasher is actually two complete LED flasher circuits on one circuit board. The first, LED flasher is made up of 1C1 and LEDs D1 and D2. IC1 is a 555 timer IC configured as an astable (free-running) multivibrator with its output on pin 3. The frequency of the 555`s oscillation is controlled by R2, R3, and CI. Resistor R1 limits...
Led Christmas Tree Light Flasher Circuit
Three individual flashing circuits that use an LM3909 LED flasher/oscillator IC create the appearance of a pseudo-random firing order. The combination of CX!RV C.JRb, and C^R control the blink rate, which is between 0.3 and 0.8 s, and the inherent wide tolerance range [-20% to +80%) of standard electrolytic capacitors add to the irregularities...
LED bar peak program meter display for audio
A bar column of LEDs is arranged so that as the audio signal level increases, more LEDs in the column light up. The LEDs are arranged vertically in 6 dB steps. A fast response time and a one second decay time give an accurate response to transients and a low "flicker" decay characteristic. On each of the op amps inverting inputs is a dc...
A relaxation oscillator is used to flash an LED in the base circuit. Cl is charged slowly through R1 by the power source, then discharged periodically through R3 and the LED by the UJT.
Led indicates logic states
The LED is the CSL310L which contains a red LED and a green LED connected back to back and mounted close together in a single moulding. The LED can emit red or^green light by controlling the polarity of the applied voltage and if the polarity is switched at a rate of several hundred Hertz the emitted light appears yellow. The four combinations...
LED tilt level
This electronic level uses two LED indicators instead of an air bubble. If the surface is tilted to the right, one LED lights; if it's tilted to the left, the other LED lights. When the surface is level, both LEDs light. It uses two unidirectional mercury switches, SI and S2. The unidirectional mercury switch has one long electrode and one...
Car Voltmeter Circuit
This screen uses ten LEDs to display a voltage range of 10.5 to 15 volts. Each LED represents a step 0.5wvolt tension. The heart of the circuit is the 3914 points LM / bar display driver. Trimming potentiometer R5 is adjusted so that 7.5 volts is applied to the upper side of the bulkhead. D2 resistor R7 and diode D5 to tighten the voltage...
Light Sensing Circuits
Light Dimmer Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial