Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Meter Counter Circuits
High Precision Digital Pulse Meter Circuit
This small device, intended primarily for modellers, allows an instant reading of the time I of a pulse in ms. It can, for example, measure the position of the servomotors, about 1 to about 2 ms, or make repetitive or non-pulsed measurements, such as closing or opening times of any instrument, parasitic abnormality. The diagram just describes...
Corridor counter delay circuit for controlling lights
Corridor counter delay circuit for controlling lights This circuit is tested and functionable. When the circuit is energized, the 555 oscillator starts to oscillate, CC40161 is
Electronic counter with automatic counting interface circuit a
Electronic calculator with automatic counting of the interface circuit shown in Figure. Figure (a) stroke switch so via optocoupler B control; Fig. (B) the use of reed KR and p
Counter circuit diagram of the digital circuit
Digital counter circuit as shown is composed of infrared signal for detection of moving target scan count small device, it is suitable for the production line, to move items on
Simple Staircase Generator
U2 is a decade counter /divider, Ul is used as a switch debouncer. For a self-generating system, connect a resisor
Tape recorder position indicator-controller
This circuit is representative of the many applications of up/down counting in monitoring dimensional position. In the tape recorder application, the LOAD REGISTER, EQUAL, and ZERO outputs are used to control the recorder. To make the recorder stop at a particular point on the tape, the register can be set with the stop at a particular point on...
One can transform an ordinary binary counter, such as a 7493, into an up/down counter with mode control by adding XOR gates 7486 to the counter"s outputs. The circuit counts up when the DN/UP line is low and down when the DN/UP line is high. To use the 7493 counter to count out its maximum count length of 0 -15, connect the QA output to...
This circuit symmetrically divides an input by virtually any odd number. The circuit contains n + 1h clocks tw
This circuit produces a symmetrical waveform when dividing by either 2 or 3. The Divide Select input controls the
Divide-By-N + 1/2 Circuit
This circuit, instead of dividing by an integer, divides the input signal by +1/2. With the feedback connections
20 Khz ring counter
The shift pulse turns off the conducting scs by reverse biasing the cathode gate. The charge stored on the coupling capacitor then triggers the next stage. An excessively long shift pulse charges up all the capacitors, turning off all stages.
Analog counter circuit
A straightforward circuit using a LM311 for the level detector and a CMOS analog gate to discharge the capacitor is shown. An important property of this type of counter is the ease with which the count can be changed; it is only necessary to change the voltage at which the comparator trips. A low cost A-D converter can also be designed using the...
The display shows each increment. By using mode 2, external debouncing of the gate switch is unnecessary, provided the switch bounce is less than 35ms. The 3 V lithium battery can be replaced without disturbing operation if a suitable capacitor is connected in parallel with it. The display should be disconnected, if possible, during the...
Seven-segment LED display circuit diagram of a counter
Display counter circuit Explanation Here is a circuit diagram of a seven-segment on the counter IC CD 4033.
8-bit digital counter circuit
8 shows a possible digital counter circuit. This circuit uses two ICM7217 integrated chips each control four digital tube.
Cycle 100 MHz frequency counter circuit diagram
As shown, a CD4016 analog instrument is used here as a multiple multiplexed digital output, these output transfer function back to the input. Since the CD4016 is a digitally co
Analog counter circuit diagram
As shown, this simple circuit using a LM311 in the level detector, and with a CMOS analog switches to release capacitance. A major feature of this counter is the number can be
Asynchronous counter circuit and the signal waveform
Asynchronous counter shown, this circuit no clock synchronization signal can be used in a random counter or independent unit circuit.
Delay circuit diagram CC4017 counter divider consisting
CC4017 count/distributor consisting of a circuit diagram of the delay:
Binary counter circuit diagram
Circuit order is triggered by the positive edge. The anode of the triac switches are turned on, the cathode of the switches are closed. Male - female IN4009 positive transient
Stopwatch 0-99 seconds (MC14518B)
The circuit that has been used is shown in picture 1. Through the experimental part we will explain each of the parts function, but in order to have a notion of the basic idea, let just say, that this circuit besides the 5V power supply, is fed with a pulse which comes from a crystal. The crystal?s pulse is devided properly in order to obtain...
1 GHz Counter
This simple counter is useful for frequency measurements of various wireless equipments, especially transmitters, receivers and signal generators in VHF/UHF band.
20MHz High Speed Function Generator
The High Speed Function Generator was published in the professional electronics section of the Aug 1996 issue of Electronics Australia, and has proven to be extremely popular. The kit is no longer available from any of the kit suppliers.
220V live wire-in-wall scanner
This little circuit will help you to scan the line of a 220V live wire in the wall. The FET gate is connected to a capacitive metal sensor (which is usually a simple metal plate). When you hold the sensor close to the wall, the LED will indicate the current flow around where it detects the wire. Works on 9VDC.
3 Channel Spectrum Analyzer
This 3 channel 15 LED spectrum analyzer is the perfect addition to any audio amp project. It produces fantastic displays on three LED bars that can be individually adjusted for any particular frequency range. The circuit will take line level output from most any audio source, and operates on 12V DC. This means that it can even be run in a car.
40khz IR tester
Use this circuit to test if the light coming from your 40khz IR emitter is really emitting the right frequency. The schematic says to use a GP1U5X ir module, but probably any 40khz detector module will work.. I used a GP1U26X module.
40MHz Frequency Counter Module
The standard circuit will display directly in Hz (1MHz max), and there is a seperate on board divider that will allow you to display directly in KHz (approx 40MHz max). Becuase the display reads directly in Hz or KHz there is no need for decimal point switching and the associated complexity. There are no switches or controls, simply feed the...
Frequency comparator has status output
The original application for the circuit in Figure 1 was to check the number of revolutions of an engine with only one LED as an indicator. The measurement of the number of revolutions usually involves sensors with a frequency output proportional to the number of revolutions. The circuit compares the frequency output of such a sensor with a...
Frequency Measurements Using PC
Here is a simple technique for measuring frequencies over quite a wide frequency range and with acceptable accuracy limits using a PC. It follows the basic technique of measuring low frequencies, i.e. at low frequency, period is measured for a complete wave and frequency is calculated from the measured time-period.
Frequency source feeds entire lab
Plumbing a laboratory with a standard frequency makes a lot of sense if the lab uses multiple frequency counters, spectrum analyzers, and other frequency-dependent test equipment. Rather than spending time keeping all of the instruments` oscillators in calibration or buying expensive, high-precision oscillators, you can use the circuit in Figure...
Making Differential Probes
Using a modern multimeter to measure current can sometimes be difficult. Many of these meters will only measure up to one amp. However, may 112-volt DC powered projects draw a lot more than that. If you have ever thought of purchasing a commercial shunt to solve the problem, your know just how expensive they can be. Commercial shunts, while very...
Measure humidity and temperature on one TTL line
By combining the responses of an Analog Devices (www.analog.com) AD590 temperature sensor and a Humirel (www.humirel.com) HS1101 humidity sensor, you can generate a single TTL-level signal containing information from both sensors (Figure 1). This design uses a 74HC123 monostable multivibrator, IC1, to form a free-running oscillator. The AD590...
Frequency Meter Circuits
VU Meter Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial