Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Hobby Robotics 5
Hobby Robotics 7
Hobby Robotics 8
Hobby Robotics 9
Hobby Robotics 32
Hobby Robotics 66
Hobby Robotics 21
The purpose of this robot is have a bot that can go around and map out a single floor of my house and then use that map to intelligently traverse the mapped area. So far I`ve only written some diagnostic software to verify all the subsystems of this robot are functioning properly. Once I`ve gotten the software to do this mapping written, I`ll upda
How to make a solar powered robot
One 1381 part (CMOS voltage-controlled trigger available at different limits) Get one that matches the voltage across your motor (2V in this case) 8. The other terminal of the motor is connected to the 3300uf capacitor which is in turn connected to the other terminal of the solar panels. (The diagram shows 4700uf. Don`t worry. As you will see...
Wirelessly Powering a Swarm of Robots
Wireless power transfer is nothing new; it has been discussed since Tesla`s patent in 1900 entitled "Apparatus for Transmission of Electrical Energy" (USPTO #649, 621). However, as the technology matures, it will be interesting to see what myriad applications arise. For example, Intel`s system is capable of transmitting up to 60 Watts (the demo...
autonomous light finder robot
555 timer based light seeking robot
The schematic diagram of this robot is very simple to understand. As I had mentioned earlier I just modified a circuit from on of the books to create..
Light Follower Robot
The figures above shows the basic idea of any robot, where we have some inputs and output devices connected to the brain and some outputs controlled b..
Solar Powered Robot
Make a very cheap, relatively easy to construct robot which will wake up any time you shine a desk lamp on it. There are no sensors on it, although I..
This is how to make a trimet. The parts you need are: 3 Capacitors, a 2N3904, a 2N3906, a resistor(1k to 10k ohm), a solar cell (minimum 3 volts),..
LINE TRACER ROBOT WITHOUT MICROCONTROLLER
Now Look carefully following circuit Diagram & try out the circuit on bread board first. if it is working properly go to making its PCB version. the P..
Robot Autonomous Sensor Platform
This is my first autonomous robot. I built it to explore the interfacing of various sensors to a PICAXE processor. His mission is to search for a magn..
SemiAutonomous Submersible robot for underwater research
the rest of the pictures show the construction of the sub. It was made out of two C channels connected by an aluminum sheet. A skid was added to the bottom to allow the sub to skate over the bottom to gather quantitative video samples of the ecology. The skid and two C channels (necessary to hold the large # of sensors desired) was a little heavy
Communication and Artificial Intelligence Systems Used for the CAESAR Robot
A remote control car that can be driven over the internet or with a laptop wirelessly from up to 500m away. It has a live-feed network camera so that it can be driven without line of sight and a horn so that you can honk at people. A while ago I discovered the Linksys WRT54GL router. It`s very hacker-friendly in that it runs Linux and some of...
The line is purposefully not straight, to see how it would do with zig-zags and splits, as are normal for the Chibots advanced line-following contest. The AVRcam is a small, real-time image processing engine capable of tracking colorful objects. The system was specifically designed to provide the everyday-hobbyist with a vision system that can...
18 Pin PIC Development Board with Relays
Development board for 18 pin PIC microcontrollers with power supply circuit, crystal oscillator circuit, RS232 port, ICSP/ICD port, 4 relay output, 4 optocoupler isolated inputs.
40 Pin PIC Development Board
If you need lots of Analog to Digital channels, or plenty of program space (up to 32K!), this one is for you! Prototype board for 40 pin PIC microcontrollers with power supply circuit, 20MHz crystal oscillator circuit, RS232 port, ICSP/ICD programming port.
This simple robot, which responds to light and avoids obstacles, can be built without using a microcontroller, programmer or PC. The only special` component in the circuit is a window discriminator (a fancy version of a window comparator). Resistors R1 and R2 in combination with light-dependent resistors LDR1 and LDR2 form a voltage divider (with
lf297 Building an autonomous light finder robot
lf205 Building a Linux-controlled walking robot
PC based Robot Circuit
In order to create the circuitry below, you need a computer software that will control your parallel port. It will cost you about 30 US$. For example, a transistor (model number 2N2222) costs ~50, a DPDT relay, ~1. 75$ (this is maybe the most expensive piece, you need 7). This implementation uses IC-sockets to hold the pieces. That way, they are...
Emergency Egg Locator Beacon (EELB)
This project was inspired by a circuit that a friend of mine, Simon Field, over at Scitoys. com showed me. He had built a very simple transmitter circuit out of a 1Mhz "can" oscillator and a serial connector (see it here ) In his circuit he used a computer to turn the transmitter on and off and to send Morse code. In the United States (and possibl
Assembling The Speed Controller
The. 01uf monolithic capacitors will be marked `103 K` and the 15pf monolithic capacitors are marked `15 J`. It is very important that you don`t confuse the two. DO NOT take either the MOSFETs or the Integrated circuits off their protective static containers until just before you use them. Ideally, you should also keep yourself grounded whenever
PIC Servo Speed Controller
BJT H-bridge Circuit Details
You should notice that the opto-isolator LEDs are connected to three wires labeled "FWD", "REV", and "ENA*. " These wires deserve a bit of explanation. The FWD, REV, and ENA* lines are the interface between the bridge and the microprocessor. You will notice their is no "ground" signal. When you connect these pins to a BASIC stamp or a 68HC11 or...
BJT H-bridge Implementation
Because these transistors are a complementary pair, the circuit using them is very symmetrical. The upper right and upper left corners of the H-bridge are called "sources. " This name originates from their function which is to be a source of current for the load (in our case the motor). Referring to the schematic on the right, you can see that...
Stepper Motor Circuits
Remote Control Circuits
Direction Finder Circuits
Power Control Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial