Car Battery Charger Circuit

  
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The car battery charging current is automatically limited to 4. 2A. If there is a 600mV voltage on R1 (4A thru it), then the T1 transistor starts to conduct. Excessive charging current is avoided because the current value on T3 ²s base is limited. The difference between applied load current (at T4 ²s collector) and real voltage of the battery is
Car Battery Charger Circuit - schematic

balanced thru T4 ²s collector-emitter junction. The power input of T4 (2N3055) is the product of load current and voltage difference already mentioned. When charging 6V car battery this power reaches a maximum of 40W. The rectifier diodes must be able to deliver 4A at 40V. T4 2N3055 must be mounted on a good heatsink in order to dissipate the heat.



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