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Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
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8051 / 8052
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555 Timer Circuits
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H Bridge Circuit
DIY HV Variable Cap
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Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
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4 Band Resistor
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Voltage to Frequency Circuits
Voltage to Frequency Circuits
The D169 serves as a level detector and provides complementary outputs. The op amp is used to integrate the input signal Vin with a time constant of R1C1. The input (must be negative) causes a positive ramp at the output of the integrator which is summed with a negative zener voltage. When the ramp is positive enough D169 outputs change state...
The circuit accepts two positive-voltage inputs VN and Vv and provides a TTL-compatible output pulse train whose repetition mte is proportional to the ratio VN/ V0. Full-scale output frequency is about 100 Hz, and linearity error is below 0.5 percent. The outputF, equals KVn/Vd, where K = 1/(4R2C1) provided R1 = R3. Op amp IC1A alternately...
Circuit has a 1 Hz-to-30 MHz output, 150-dB dynamic range, for a 0 to 5 V input. It maintains 0.08% linearity over its entire 71/3 decade range with a full-scale drift of about 20 ppm/Â°C. To get the additional bandwidth, the fast )FET buffer drives the Schottky TTL Schmitt trigger. The Schottky diode prevents the Schmitt trigger from ever...
The input voltage, V1, causes C1 to charge and produce a ramp voltage at the output of the 741 op amp. Diodes D1 and D2 are four-layer devices. When the voltage across C1 reaches the breakover voltage of either diode, the diode conducts to discharge C1 rapidly and the op amp output goes abruptly to zero. This rapid discharge action applies a...
This circuit can accept positive or negative or differential control voltages. The output frequency is zero when the control voltage is zero. The 741 op amp forms a current source controlled by the voltage Ec to charge the timing capacitor C1linearly. NE555 is connected in the astable mode. so that the capacitor charges and discharges between...
This stabilized voltage-to-frequency converter features 1 Hz -1.25 MHz operation, 0.05% linearity, and a temperature coefficient of typically 20 ppm/Â°C. This circuit runs from a single 5-V supply. The converter uses a charge feedback scheme to allow the LTC1052 to close a loop around the entire circuit, instead of simply controlling the...
Potentiometer-Position V/F Converter
In this application, an AD652IC is used in a synchronized V/F converter that derives its input from th
Voltage-To-Frequency Converter I
Using a Burr-Brown VFC 32 IC, this voltage-to-frequency converter uses few components. The circuit values
Voltage-To-Frequency Converter Ii
This voltage-to-frequency converter (VFC) accepts the bipolar-ac inputs. For -10- to + 10-V inputs, the c
Simple Low-Frequency V/F Converter
In this circuit, CI is charged to a fixed reference level, then discharged. Integrator ICl circuit charg
Precision voltage-to-frequency converter
In this circuit, integration is performed by using a conventional operational amplifier and feedback capacitor, CF. When the integrator's output crosses the nominal threshold level at pin 6 of the LM131, the timing cycle is initiated. The average current fed into the op amp's summing point (pin 2) is (1.1 RtCt) which is perfectly balanced with -...
The 741 op amp integrator signal is fed into the Schmitt trigger input of an inverter. When the signal reaches the magnitude of the positive-going threshold voltage, the output of the inverter is switched to zero. The inverter output controls the FET switch directly. For a gate voltage of zero, the FET channel turns on to low resistance...
This circuit is based upon the change of frequency of the function generator with the input voltage ViNÂ· Generally, the frequency depends upon the capacitance and resistor connected to pin 6. This resistor is replaced by the FET.
This circuit uses a programmable op amp such as the -HA2730-a two-amplifier monolithic chip with independent programming ports for each amplifier-whose slew rate and other parameters vary linearly with a so-called set current. The converter circuit uses one amplifier, Al, as a slewing amplifier and other, A2, as a comparator function.
Self oscillating flyback converter
Diode Dl prevents negative spikes from occurring at the MOSFET gate, the 100 ohm resistor is a parasitic suppressor, and Z1 serves as a dissipative voltage regulator for the output and also clips the drain voltage to a level below the rated power FET breakdown voltage.
100 Mhz converter
The 2N4416 JFET will provide noise figures of less than 3 dB and power gain of greater than 20 dB. The JFET's outstanding low crossmodulation and low intermodulation distortion provides an ideal characteristic for an input stage. The output feeds into an LM171 used as a balanced mixer.
Bidirectional VF Control
Single-phase induction motors are extensively used in appliances and industrial controls. The Permanent Split Capacitor (PSC) single-phase induction motor is the simplest and most widely used motor of this type. The classification, construction and working principle of single-phase induction motors are explained in detail in the application note...
Inverters form three-phase VCO
The inspiration for the VCO in Figure 1 came from Texas Instruments application notes of years ago, detailing the use of unbuffered U-type inverters for use in ring oscillators. The application notes circuit consists of only the inverters. The circuit generates relatively squarish waveforms. Any ring oscillators operation depends on the...
VCO produces output frequencies
The circuit in Figure 1 is a quadrature-output VCO that provides both positive and negative output frequencies, depending on the polarity of the control-voltage input. The circuit provides a function that designers traditionally implement in analog music-effects units, such as Bode/Moog frequency shifters. Bode/Moog shifters use...
Voltage Controlled Panner
This circuit is used to convert a mono audio signal into a stereo signal that can be panned between the left and right channel by a 0-10V control signal, it is intended for analog synthesizer systems. The circuit is mainly here for historical reasons, a higher quality panner may be built with the National Semiconductor LM13700 dual...
programmable logic VCO
A VCO (voltage-controlled oscillator) is an analog circuit, so you cannot find it in the libraries for the design of digital programmable chips. When you need such a circuit for synchronization or clock multiplication, you need to find a circuit that works with the standard digital functions, such as AND and NAND. Several possibilities exist for...
PIC controlled DDS VFO
This is a 0 - 6 MHz DDS VFO controlled by a PIC16F84 (or `C84). The VFO is separated into two modules, the DDS module and the controller module. The PCB layout (double sided) for the DDS module is included as two Postscript files (scale 1:1). The .PS files can be copied to a Postscript capable printer such as HP LaserJet 4MP. Please note...
Multilayer capacitor doubles as varactor
The circuit is also an inexpensive VCO (voltage-controlled oscillator) with only five components. Many types of ceramic capacitors for surface-mount placement are on the market. The parts become continually smaller because of space problems on the board, and the capacitance values continually increase to compete with more expensive...
High Performance V to F converter
No Description available.
DPP adds versatility to VFC
The basic VFC (voltage-to-frequency converter) in Figure 1 comprises an integrator (IC1) and a Schmitt-trigger circuit (IC2). The integrator converts the dc input voltage, VIN, to a linear voltage ramp, and the Schmitt trigger sets the limits of the integrator`s output voltage. Feedback around both circuits provides the condition for...
Simple DC to 20 MHz Driver
The output cable from my 20 MHz function/sweep generator dangled over the side of the workbench, the alligator clip hovering over the floor. Deeply engrossed in a project, I moved the power strip on the floor a little closer so I could plug in the circuit upon which I was working. That's when the alligator clip contacted the 240 VAC. The...
voltage to frequency converter
voltage frequency converter
A voltage to frequency converter with a control range of 1:1000 can be easily constructed by using the IC TSC9402. The given component values in the circuit produces a conversion factor of 1kHz/1V. The input voltages from 10 mV up to 10 V are converted to frequencies 10 Hz up to 10 kHz. This conversion can be changed if desired through the potenti
voltage to frequency converter
This voltage to frequency converter is designed to be connected to a frequency counter to display the voltage value being measured. This converter-counter combination produces a cheap but functionally complete digital voltmeter. The circuit delivers TTL compatible pulses which are 5 µS wide. The pulse frequency is proportional to the DC voltage b
Voltage to frequency converter
voltage to frequency converter
voltage to frequency converter icl8038
This was a small circuit made for driving an Impact counter. The heart being ICL8038. It must have been a Motor driving a Conveyor, the motor has a feedback attachment called Tachogenerator. Only part of the circuit is shown here. See the image of product here Tacho Counter. The configuration is derived from the Application Notes of Intersil. T
Voltage to Pulse Circuits
Current to Voltage Circuits
Frequency to Voltage Circuits
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave Circuits
Voltage to Current Circuits
Period to Voltage Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
DIY HV Variable Capacitor
DIY PMA Alternator Plans
Digital Signal Integrity