The circuit accepts two positive-voltage inputs VN and Vv and provides a TTL-compatible output pulse train whose repetition mte is proportional to the ratio VN/ V0. Full-scale output frequency is about 100 Hz, and linearity error is below 0.5 percent. The outputF, equals KVn/Vd, where K = 1/(4R2C1) provided R1 = R3. Op amp IC1A alternately integrates VN/2 and -VN/2, producing a sawtooth output that ramps between the Vv level and ground. When transistor Ql is on, for example, IC1A integrates -VN/2 until its output equals Vv.
Voltage-ratio-to-frequency-converter - schematic

At that time, the IC1B comparator switches low, causing IClD"s bistable output to go low, which turns off Ql. !CIA"s output then ramps in the negative direction. When the output reaches 0 V, the IC1C comparator switches, Ql turns on, and the cycle repeats. Transistor Q2 converts the IC1D output to TTL-compatible output logic levels. Setting Vv to 1.00 V yields a linear voltage-to-frequency converter (F, = KVn), and setting Vn to 1.00 V yields a reciprocal voltage-to-frequency converter (F0=KVd).

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