Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Light Laser LED Circuits
Construction LED circuit diagram CD4017 CD4011
Construction LED circuit shown in Figure. It requires manual power, after the circuit is powered, the light will blink to remind people to pay attention to safety.
Light emitting diode circuit of the temperature control
Explanation The circuit is nothing more than two light emitting diodes (D1 and D2), its position is controlled by the temperature of the surrounding environment. Here the tempe
MAX8596Z drive circuit diagram of eight white LED
Driving series white LED, flowing through the same song in each white LED current, it is possible to obtain a uniform brightness. The disadvantage of the tandem drive is the dr
Light emitting diode LED displays the basic structure of the driving circuit
Drive the light emitting diode is shown in the digital display circuit, the count signal to ICM7217 feet in the chip by the count and after the coding process to drive the digi
6 digit LED driver circuit
Configure National Semiconductors DS8877 drive circuit as shown, when the 6 digit calculator and digital current conjunction, the current range is 5 to 50mA. Drive does not req
Optical communication system
The circuit will modulate the light from the LED using a crystal microphone or a loudspeaker output. To obtain the maximum range, the optical system must be efficient (see example). Either a convex lens or a concave mirror can be used to convert the LED output into a parallel beam. The received light is concentrated onto a sensitive...
Multi-color LED driver
Have you ever wondered how many different colors can illuminate a LED? One, two or maybe three? Constructing this simple circuit, you will find it much more. The key component in this design is a dual LED. One such accessory includes two inside the 'slices' of different diode LED, that each of them produces a different color (usually green and...
Bar-graph indicator for ac signals
Indicator was designed for displaying the peak level of small ac signals from a variety of transducers including microphones, strain gauges and photodiodes. The circuit responds to input signals contained within the audio frequency spectrum, i.e., 30 Hz to 20 kHz, although a reduced response extends up to 40 kHz. Maximum sensitivity for the...
Led bar-graph driver
The circuit uses CA3290 BiMOS dual voltage comparators. Non-inverting inputs of A1 and A2 are tied to voltage divider reference. The input signal is applied to the inverting inputs.
When SI is on, power is applied to an oscillator composed of Ql, Rl, Cl, LI, and L2. Coil Ll is the primary winding of Tl, and L2 is the feedback winding. When Ql turns on, its collector current saturates Tl's ferrite core. That, in turn, removes the base drive to Ql through L2. Transistor Ql then turns off. As the field around Ll and L2 decays,...
Battery condition indicator
A 741 op amp is employed as a voltage comparator. The noninverting input is connected to zener reference source. Reference voltage is 5V. R2 is adjusted so that the voltage at the inverting input is half the supply voltage. When supply is higher than 10V, the LED will not light. When the supply falls just fractionally below the 10V level, the IC...
Precision battery voltage monitor
The precision voltage-monitor chip contains a temperature-compensated voltage reference. R1 divides down the battery voltage to match the built-in reference voltage of ICl (15 volts). When the voltage at pin 3 falls below 15 volts, pin 4 supplies a constant current of 7 mA to drive a small LED
Led bar-dot level meter
A simple level of power meter can be arranged to give a bar or dot display for a hi-fi system. Use green LEDs for 0 to 7; yellow for 8 and red for 9 to indicate peak power. The gain control is provided to enable calibration on the equipment with which the unit is used
Use a pair of Maxim"s 5V-powered MAX231 RS-232C transmitters as drivers to obtain a 2-color LED. The transmitters require only a singleended, 5-V input to generate Â± 10 V internally. Their outputs are short-circuit-proof and can supply as much as 10 mA-enough to drive most LEDs. Depending on which LED you select, their currentlimiting feature...
The pull-up transistor of the totem-pole output is used-to turn on the LED and the pull-down transistor is used to turn Â·off the LED. The lower impedance and higher current handling capability of the saturated pull-down transistor is used as an effective method of transferring the charge from the LED"s anode to ground as its dynamic...
When power is first turned on, two of the LEDs are on and the other two remain off until the timing cycle reverses. The LEDs flash in pairs, but by pressing and holding Sl closed until only one of the LEDs is on, and then releasing it, the four LEDs can be made to flash in sequential order. The number of LEDs flashing in a sequential ring can...
Inserting two 1-MO resistors, R1 and R2, in the output stage of one of the circuit"s inverters limits the current needed by the oscillator tone more than a few pA. This circuit includes a CD4007 package, which has three CMOS inverters. It forms a standard three-inverter oscillator. Resistors R1 and R2, in series with separate drains on...
The timing components are Rl, R2, and C,. Cl is a bypass capacitor used to reduce the effects of noise. At start-up, the voltage across C, is less than the trigger level voltage (1/3 Vnn). causing the timer to be triggered via pin 2. The output of the timer at pin 3 increases, turning LEDl off, LED2 on, the discharge transistor at pin 7 off,...
Uses a low cost CMOS IC to tum four LEDs on and off at a rate that is set by the values of R1, R2, Cl, and C2. The pulse rate for the component values given for R1 and R2 is about one cycle every four seconds. By lowering the values of Rl and R2 to 220 KO, the pulse rate increases to 1Hz. The LEDs flash in pairs, with LEDl and LED4 turning...
This indicator is basically a switch with hysteresis characteristics. If the input voltage momentarily (or permanently) exceeds the most positive reference level, LEDl is switched on. If, on the other hand, the voltage falls below the negative, or least positive, reference level, LEDl will be switched off and LED2 switched on.
The Â·circuit includes a peak detector that irrunediately drives the readout to any new higher signal level and slowly lowers it after the signal drops to zero. The readout is a moving dot or expanding bar display. The circuit can be expanded for a longer bar readout. Tapping five or more LED peakmeters into a frequency equalizer or series of...
Flashing Led Controller
The LED with integrated flasher is connected in series with the base-emitter junction of transistor Tl. Thus, the l
Ac Circuit Led Power Indicator
Many electronic circuits need an indication that they are under power; for most ac circuits, a neon lamp is
Mains Failure Indicator
When the mains voltage is present at the input terminals, the transistor in the optocoupler is on, T1 is off, and s
Battery-operated equipment can work on one set of batteries for a long time nowadays. However, if it is left on inadvertently,
Super Led Flasher Circuit
The super LED flasher is actually two complete LED flasher circuits on one circuit board. The first, LED flasher is made up of 1C1 and LEDs D1 and D2. IC1 is a 555 timer IC configured as an astable (free-running) multivibrator with its output on pin 3. The frequency of the 555`s oscillation is controlled by R2, R3, and CI. Resistor R1 limits...
Led Christmas Tree Light Flasher Circuit
Three individual flashing circuits that use an LM3909 LED flasher/oscillator IC create the appearance of a pseudo-random firing order. The combination of CX!RV C.JRb, and C^R control the blink rate, which is between 0.3 and 0.8 s, and the inherent wide tolerance range [-20% to +80%) of standard electrolytic capacitors add to the irregularities...
LED bar peak program meter display for audio
A bar column of LEDs is arranged so that as the audio signal level increases, more LEDs in the column light up. The LEDs are arranged vertically in 6 dB steps. A fast response time and a one second decay time give an accurate response to transients and a low "flicker" decay characteristic. On each of the op amps inverting inputs is a dc...
A relaxation oscillator is used to flash an LED in the base circuit. Cl is charged slowly through R1 by the power source, then discharged periodically through R3 and the LED by the UJT.
Led indicates logic states
The LED is the CSL310L which contains a red LED and a green LED connected back to back and mounted close together in a single moulding. The LED can emit red or^green light by controlling the polarity of the applied voltage and if the polarity is switched at a rate of several hundred Hertz the emitted light appears yellow. The four combinations...
LED tilt level
This electronic level uses two LED indicators instead of an air bubble. If the surface is tilted to the right, one LED lights; if it's tilted to the left, the other LED lights. When the surface is level, both LEDs light. It uses two unidirectional mercury switches, SI and S2. The unidirectional mercury switch has one long electrode and one...
Car Voltmeter Circuit
This screen uses ten LEDs to display a voltage range of 10.5 to 15 volts. Each LED represents a step 0.5wvolt tension. The heart of the circuit is the 3914 points LM / bar display driver. Trimming potentiometer R5 is adjusted so that 7.5 volts is applied to the upper side of the bulkhead. D2 resistor R7 and diode D5 to tighten the voltage...
Light Sensing Circuits
Light Dimmer Circuits
Geiger–Müller meter circuit project
In this page we will show how you can simply construct such a meter, which is good to have one, to show not only the existence of radioactive materials but also the dangers arising from them. The Geiger–Müller counter can be compared to a photometer. The photometer measures the visible radiation. That is, light, while the gm meter measures the...
255W Valve RF Transmitter circuit
This transmitter of 255W is depended on the coils we put at it to work in both the middle and the short waves. The power in the antenna is 255W and includes 4 states. The first consists of the EF80 that works as a COLLPITS CLAPP oscillator. Frequency selection is done in a somewhat unusual way: Instead of the variable capacitor, it uses a...
Arduino DAC Signal Generator project
Once the circuit gets current, all variables are initialized and the loop function is continually running. Initially all LEDs are off and there is no signal at the output. By pressing the signal switch, the first light that shows the most signal is at the output and the D0-D7 terminals give the appropriate signal which, when passing from the...
Recording circuit of phone conversations using PC
This circuit is used to record telephone conversations on your landline telephone. All you will need is this small circuit and subscription of your PC. There are few times when we forget what we said or told us. So we need recording. Sometime, not many years ago, recording of this kind of conversation was done with a small tape recorder. The...
FM Micro-Transmitter Bug Surveillance Circuit
The transmitter we recommend to build is quite simple. It can even be built by a beginner. However, unlike the ease of construction and its small size, it is almost certain that it will impress you with its outstanding performance. Its autonomy is 12-15 hours, with a 9 volt battery and its range is from 100 to 300 meters depending on the...
Construction of 50Watt 8Ω two-way Hi-Fi Speakers
The presented speakers are distinguished for their small dimensions and their extraordinary sound. Our home space is often limited and prohibitive for large speakers. This limitation does not mean that we will stay without high Sound Quality. Its design is simple, low cost and is easy to construct. Speaker types are too many and are designed in...
GSM modem circuit with Wavecom WMOi3
Modems are devices that connect either remote devices to a computer, or two or more computers to each other. Their connection is usually wired. The GSM modem we present is wireless. It can connect two computers, a computer with the internet or even be the central unit for a data acquisition system. Generally the construction is a GSM phone...
1W UHF Linear Amplifier with BLW33
This circuit is an amplifier for small transmitters operating in the UHF band, specifically in the 450-800MHz range. The amplifier works in class A and we used the well-known Philips BLW33 transistor for its manufacture. The construction, although simple, can be said to be quite critical due to the high frequency singularity. To achieve this, a...
8W Amplifier with TDA2003 circuit
Many times a small amplifier is needed to meet the needs of small spaces. This amplifier can be either mono or stereo, with this circuitry you can comfortably drive two small speakers. To build the amplifier you do not need anything but a few materials and a small power supply. The power of the amplifier, although low power, will solve many...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial
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