Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Infrared Interruption counter
Infrared interruption counter is a reliable circuit that takes over the task of counting number of interruptions very accurately. When somebody enters into the room, then the Counter is Incremented by one. The total number of Persons inside the Room is displayed on the seven segment displays.
InfraRed Remote Switch
This Project REMOTE CONTROLLED SWITCH BOARD is used to switch on/off the Home Appliances by using a standard Remote control. The system is used to switch on/off upto six electrical devices. All the above processes are controlled by the 8 bit Microcontroller AT89C52. The Microcontroller receives the Infrared Signal from the receiver and it...
Interactive Voice Response System
Now-a-days every institution needs automation. As a part of college automation, we have decided to do a project Voice Interactive System for College Automation. Our project allows the user to know the students attendance and marks quickly through the telephone line without the intention of the college authority. In the hardware side embedded...
Line Following Auto Robot
This Project Line Following Autonomous Robot is based on 8 bit Microcontroller AT89C2051. This Robot follows the black line which is drawn over the white surface or it follows the white line which is drawn over the black surface. The infrared sensors are used to sense the line. When the infrared signal falls on the white surface, it gets...
Two Line Intercom circuit
This project is used as an electronic private exchange. It has two telephones, which have the intercom facility, and they can be connected to the telephone line. All the functions are controlled by the 8-bit microcontroller AT89C2051 which has an Program Memory (ROM) of 2 kilobytes.
Traffic Light Controller
Four way Traffic light controller which Has Red, Yellow and Green LEDS. It uses the AT89C2051.
Electrical Appliance Time Controller
Power Saving Using Time Operated Electrical Appliance Controlling System is a reliable circuit that takes over the task of switch on/off the electrical devices with respect to time. This project replaces the Manual Switching. It has an Inbuilt Real Time Clock which tracks over the Real Time.
Temperature Fan controller
The System is fully controlled by the microcontroller AT89S52. It is a popular 8 bit microcontroller. The circuit consists of four switches, in which two buttons are used to increment and decrement the temperature value and the next button is to edit the temperature values stored it in the memory and the other button is cancel button. All the...
Telephone Remote switch
This Project is used to control our household electrical devices from any where through the cell phone. The circuit consists of a DTMF tone detector and a powerful 8 bit Microcontroller AT89S52. The microcontroller controls all the system. In this project we control total six devices.
Telephone motor Controller
This Project is used to control a single phase Motor from any where in the world through the telephone. The circuit consists of a DTMF tone detector and a powerful 8 bit Microcontroller AT89S52. The Microcontroller senses the DTMF signal through the DTMF decoder IC MT8870 and it switch on/off and speed up/down the motor according to the user...
Wireless Data Communication system
This project is used to communicate or transmit a text message from one place to another place through wireless. The text message is encrypted by using the Microcontroller and the encrypted message was transmitted through wireless. At the receiver end the signal was received by the standard receiver and the analog signal was fed to the...
RF Remote control
The Project Long Range Remote Control can be used to remotely control a number of Electrical or Electronic Gadgets connected to it. Unlike Infra Red remote control, this Project employs FM transmission and Reception, and hence it can be used for comparatively longer range.
RF based Automatic meter reading
RF based Automatic meter reading, or AMR, is the technology of automatically collecting data from energy meter and transferring that data to a central database for billing and/or analyzing. This means that billing can be based on actual consumption rather than on an estimate based on previous consumption, giving customers better control of their...
PC Remote Control
The convenience of selecting TV channels using your remote and then pointing the same remote to your Computer so that you can control the whole system using the single remote control. The Following functions can be done with PC Remote control.
PC Based GPS
The advent of new high-speed technologies and the growing computer capacity provided realistic opportunity for new cost effective technologies and realization of new methods of innovations. This technical improvement together with the need for high performance techniques created faster, more accurate and more intelligent products using new...
PC DATA LOGGER
Data acquisition is the process by which events in the real world are sampled and translated into machine-readable signals. Data acquisition typically involves sensors, transmitters and other instruments to collect signals, waveforms etc. to be processed and analyzed with a computer. The components of data acquisition systems include...
Password Based Door Locking
Security is a prime concern in our day-today life. Everyone wants to be as much secure as possible. An access control for doors forms a vital link in a security chain. The microcontroller based Door locker is an access control system that allows only authorized persons to access a restricted area. The system is fully controlled by the 8 bit...
Multipattern Running LEDs
This Project Multi-Pattern Running light is used to generate several designs of Running Lights. We use ten LEDs for display. The designs can be selected by using two switches UP and DOWN. The 8 bit Microcontroller is used to control all the operations. It control the LEDs though the Ports.
MCS08DZ60 Evaluation Board
The board has been initially developed to learn with CAN, so a CAN transceiver is available (IC4). The CAN transceiver comes from Maxim, but some other manufacturers provide some compatible CAN transceivers which can be used. An RS232 transceiver is also mounted on the board to get an RS232 interface, to connect the board to a computer. It could...
MCU controlled Bluetooth automation
The microcontroller used is 0822 zilog encore! 8k series (soic,28pin) as shown on the figure. Is a programmable microcontroller, the functions used are the GPIO and the UART of the chip. GPIO is used on led indicators, and the UART is used for giving and reading AT COMMANDS to control the Bluetooth device. The whole process of the circuit, is to...
Digital Function Generator (MEGA16-P)
The function generator features two BNC outputs : one for the high speed [1 to 8 MHz] square signal (BNC1) and another for the DDS signal (BNC2). Offset and amplitude can be regulated by two potentiometers : offset in range of +5V to -5V (POT1) and amplitude in range of 0 to 10V (POT2). Up and down arrow buttons are used for changing the...
Church bell Controller with ATmega32
This circuit is a church bell controller. Basic component is an ATmega32 microcontroller. At the circuit 1 24LC32 eeprom memories is being used. As control I created a menu who will be appeared on 4x20 LCD (Liquid Crystal Display). The menu browsing can be done by 6 buttons at the face of the circuit's box (Menu, Up, Down, Enter, Start, Stop)....
Networking Security System (ATmega16L)
TCP based security system using the Ethernet module offered within the contest , an ATmega16L microcontroller , a PIR as a sensor and few other peripheral devices , which is specially targeted for homes and small business owners. I have used through for my final design a combination of the WIZ810MJ module , an ATmega16L microcontroller , a...
EEPROM Driver for AVR with RAM
I had been putting off writing a driver for some 24LC64 and 24LC256 EEPROMS I was thinking about using, when I came across a temperature logger application written by Seal Ellis. The Temperature logger was posted on on www.avrfreaks.net on January 10, 2002, project ID 49. The original application was written for the ATtiny15, whichhas a small...
DS Protocol (Data transfer via handshake)
The DS protocol was designed to provide firmware-based bidirectional host-to-slave inter processor communications for situations in which no hardware solution is available and the host and/or the slave in incapable of tending the interface in real time. The only specialized hardware required is two bidirectional I/O ports on each chip...
EEPROM DAC with DS interface
This device provides three channels of 8 bit pulse-width modulation. Output pulse duty cycle ranges from 0 to 255/256 in 255 steps. DACs may be loaded by the DS interface. DAC values may also be copied into the on-chip EERPOM and then automatically be loaded into the DACs when power is applies, making it useful for automatic set up of circuits...
autopilot with rev 2.2 board
The servo driver is just simply two 4017 decade counters and lots of 0.1" headers. Only populate the A side headers; the B servo bank is optional and will require a few more header pieces. If you received 20 headers, you'll be short two of them. If you received 25 headers, go ahead and fill it up. You will have to cut the headers to get the 2...
Photo film processor circuit
This machine essentially does three things: It controls the process temperature, provides constant agitation of the chemical baths, and performs the timing. The operator must pour in and out the liquids by hand. The heart of the circuit is a Basic Stamp 2p microcontroller. It has a program loaded that contains several film processing algorithms....
Mini PC Digital Oscilloscope
This is a portable oscilloscope adapter that it can be held in breast pocket. Its operation is only sampling and sending to host PC. The most of functions of the oscilloscope are processed by host PC. Therefore, oscilloscope adapter can be simplified. This oscilloscope adapter using a TMP47P242VN 4bit microcontroller for acquisition control. But...
RC transmitter with MC68HC711
The first SUPERTEF version was using a 68HC11 microprocessor in extended mode i.e. with an external memory program which necessitated many integrated circuits (IC) such as the 74C138, 74C373, 68HC24 and 27C64 making the printed circuit board densely populated and prone to defects. Now, SUPERTEF 96 uses a 68HC711E9 that is to say the same basic...
HF reciever with MC3362
The diagram of detail of Fig.2 gives additional precise details: The signal HF collected by the antenna is amplified by T1, framed reel S of agreement L1 and L2. To vary the profit of T1, it is enough to vary its supply voltage. Here it passes from 4v to 0V, the varying profit of +10 dB with - 10 dB, is 20 dB on the whole. It is far from...
PLL 41MHz reciever with 68HC711D3
The quartz QZ1 of the preceding receivers which set the work frequency is not on the market any more. It is replaced by a locking phase loop allowing the free choice of an unspecified frequency on the band used, either the 41, or the 72 MHz. The step between channels is 5 kHz, giving us 101 frequencies in 72 MHz and 41 in 41 MHz. In practice,...
Arduino Projects and Circuits
PIC Microcontroller Circuits
AVR Microcontroller Circuits
Microcontroller Programmer Circuits
68HC11 Microcontroller Circuits
8051 / 8052 Microcontroller Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial