Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Transmitters & Receivers
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
The precision input characteristics of the HA-5147 help simplify system error budgets, while its speed and drive capabilities provide fast charging of the multiplexer"s output capacitance. This speed eliminates an increased multiplexer acquisition time, which can be induced by more limited amplifiers.
The noninverting amplifier has a gain of R2/R3 (1 in this case) and produces a voltage of V,"" during a positive excursion of Vin with respect to ground. The inverting amplifier accommodates the negative excursions of V..; its gain is given by -R6/R7, which equals -1 to maintain symmetry with the noninverti;1g amplifier. R9 provides...
In intrinsically safe applications, it is sometimes necessary to separate sections of circuitry by resistors which limit current under fault conditions. The circuit shown provides an accurate analogue output with effectively zero output impedance, despite having resistors in series with the output. which is independent of RA and RB.
This simple circuit is a gain-of-1000 inverting amplifier. It will amplify submillivolt signals up to signal levels suitable for further processing. In almost all system applications, it is best to use as OUTPUT much gain as possible in the MAX420, thus minimizing the effects of later-stage offsets.
A composite configuration greatly reduces de errors without compromising the high-speed, wideband characteristics of HA-2539. The HA-2540 could also be used, but with slightly lower speeds and bandwidth response. The HA-2539 amplifies signals above 40 kHz which are fed forward via C2; R2 and R5 set the voltage gain at -10. The slew rate of...
The modified inverting amplifier uses an active clamp to limit the output swing with precision. Allowance must be made for the V8E of the transistors. The swing is limited by the base-emitter breakdown of the transistors.
The NE592 is connected in conjunction with a MC1496 balanced modulator to form an excellent automatic gain control system. The signal is fed to the signal input of the MC1496 and re-coupled to the NE592. Unbalancing the carrier input of the MC1496 causes the signal to pass through unattenuated. Rectifying and filtering one of the NE592...
The LT1012 corrects de errors in the booster stage, and does not set high-frequency signals. Fast signals are fed directly to the stage via Q5 and the 0.01-uF coupling capacitors. De and low-frequency signals drive the stage via the op-amp"s output. The output stage consists of current sources, Q1 and Q2, driving the Q3-Q5 and Q4-Q7...
This amplifier functions over a wide range of gains, typically 1-10. It combines the LT1010 and a fast discrete stage with an LT1008 based de stabilizing loop. Q1 and Q2 form a differential stage which single-ends into the LT1010. The circuit delivers 1 V pk-pk into a typical 75-0 video load. At A = 2, the gain js within 0.5 dB to 10 MHz with...
The proliferation of industrial and computerized equipment containing programmable memory has increased the need for reliable recording media. The magnetic tape medium is presently one of the most widely used methods. The primary component of any magnetic recording mechanism is the write mechanism. The concept of the write generator is very...
Adding two passive components to a standard photodiode amplifier reduces noise. Without the modification, the shunt capacitance of the photodiode reacting with the relatively large feedback resistor of the transimpedance (current-to-voltage) amplifier, creates excessive noise gain. The improved circuit, Fig. 3-18b, adds a second pole, formed by...
This unity-gain follower amplifier has a CMOS p-channel input, an npn second-gain stage, and a CMOS inverter output. The IC building blocks are two CA3600E"s (CMOS transistor pairs) and a CA3046 npn transistor array. A zener-regulated leg provides bias for a 400-I"A p-channel source, feeding the input stage, which is terminated in an npn...
This circuit measures the power -supply current of a circuit without really having a currentshunt resistor: R1 is only 3 em of #20 gauge copper wire. A length of the power distribution wiring can be used for Rl.
The traditional restnct1on of constant gainbandwidth products for a voltage amplifier can be overcome by employing feedback around a current amplifier. Two current mirrors, constructed from transistors in a CA3096AE array, effectively turn the LF351 op amp into a current amplifier. Feedback is then applied by using R2 and R1, turning the whole...
This circuit has an overall gain of 320. More gain can easily be obtained by lowering the value of R2. Untrimmed Vas is 10 11V. and Vas tempco is lessÂ· than O.lJIV/Â°C.
LTC1043 and LT1013 dual op amps are used to create a dual instrumentation amplifier using just two packages. A single DPDT section converts the differential input to a ground-referred single-ended signal at the LT1013"s input. With the input switches closed, C1 acquires the input signal. When the input switches open, C2"s switches close and...
Has an input resistance of 1-MO, a bandwidth from de to about 35 MHz, and a gain of 10 times. Lowfrequency gain is provided by a CA3130 BiMOS op amp operated as a single-supply amplifier. High-frequency gain is provided by a 40673 dual-gate MOSFET.
This circuit relies on extremely high input impedance for effective operation. The HA-5180 with its JFET input stage, performs well as a preamplifier. The standard three amplifier configuration is used with very close matching of the resistor ratios R5/R4 and (R7 + R8)/R6, to insure high common-mode rejection (CMR). The gain is controlled...
The MAX420 is operated at a gain of 191 to convert the 52 p.VI o C output of the type J thermocouple to a 10 mV/Â°C signal. The -2.2 mV/Â°C tempco of the 2N3904 is added into the summing junction with a gain of 42.2 to provide cold-junction compensation. The ICL8069 is used to remove the offset caused by the 600-m V initial voltage of the...
This has a stable trigger 100 m V sensitivity at 50 MHz. The FETs comprise a simple high-speed buffer and the LT1016 compares the buffer"s output to the potential at tbe trigger level potentiometer, which can be of either polarity. The 10-KO resistor provides hysteresis, eliminating "chattering"" caused by noisy input signals.
This is a single gain-of-100 amplifier with a gain-bandwidth product of 20 MHz! The primary limitation in the performance is the low slew rate (0.3 VIJ1s) imposed by IoH charging CcoMPÂ· The effects of slew rate and compensation are shown. A lower gain amplifier requires a larger CcoMP, which in turn further reduces slew rate. For this...
Ql and Q2 constitute a simple, high-speed FET input buffer.Â·Ql functions as a source follower, with the Q2 current-source load setting the drain-source channel current. The LT1010 buffer provides output drive capability for cables or whatever load is required. The LTC1052 stabilizes the circuit by comparing the filtered circuit output to a...
Ql and Q2 constitute a simple, high-speed FET input buffer. Ql functions as a source follower, with the Q2 current source load setting the drain-source channel current. The LT1010 buffer provides output drive capability for cables or whatever load is required. Normally, this open-loop configuration would be quite drifty because there is no de...
Often a circuit will be called upon to perform several functions. In these situations, the variable gain configuration of this circuit could be quite useful. This programmable gain stage depends on CMOS analog switches to alter the amount of feedback, and thereby, the gain of the stage. Placement of the switching elements inside the...
Adding an unity-gain buffer to your analog circuit can increase its precision. For example, by itself, the op a
Efficient Power Booster
This power booster functions as a high-efficiency "power multiplexer" or, if you supply an external signal-source,
Op Amp Regulator
This op amp offers a straightforward method of developing a single-polarity stable voltage source (see the figure). TVansi
Compound Op Amp Vco Driver
This circuit produces 5- to 25-V output to drive a VCO from a standard Â± 15-V supply system. R7 and CI supply fr
3Input And Gate Comparator
This circuit has high output only when all three inputs are high. The noninverting-input current, when all thre
Low-Offset Simple Video Buffer Circuit
This circuit has proved to be an effective video buffer and will easily drive a 75- load to 1.5-V p-p output. BW is better than 20 MHz and there is less than 0.05-V dc offset, which is the difference in VBE of Ql and Q2.
Polarity Gain Adjustment Circuit
By adjusting one potentiometer, this circuit`s output can be varied from a positive-going version of the input signal, smoothly through zero output, then to a negative-going version of the input (see the figure). If the input signal is a positive pulse of, for example, +2-V peak/the output pulse amplitude can be smoothly varied from +2-V...
Fast Composite Amplifier Circuit
An ultra-low-noise, low-distortion op ampthe AD797is combined with the ADS 11 op amp, which offers a high bandwidth and a 100-mA output drive capability. The composite-amplifier circuit serves quite well when driving high resolution ADC`s and ATE systems. The fast AD811 operates at twice the gain of the AD797 so that the slower amplifier need...
555 Timer Circuits
RC Model Toy Circuits
H Bridge Circuits
Recording circuit of phone conversations using PC
This circuit is used to record telephone conversations on your landline telephone. All you will need is this small circuit and subscription of your PC. There are few times when we forget what we said or told us. So we need recording. Sometime, not many years ago, recording of this kind of conversation was done with a small tape recorder. The...
FM Micro-Transmitter Bug Surveillance Circuit
The transmitter we recommend to build is quite simple. It can even be built by a beginner. However, unlike the ease of construction and its small size, it is almost certain that it will impress you with its outstanding performance. Its autonomy is 12-15 hours, with a 9 volt battery and its range is from 100 to 300 meters depending on the...
Construction of 50Watt 8Ω two-way Hi-Fi Speakers
The presented speakers are distinguished for their small dimensions and their extraordinary sound. Our home space is often limited and prohibitive for large speakers. This limitation does not mean that we will stay without high Sound Quality. Its design is simple, low cost and is easy to construct. Speaker types are too many and are designed in...
GSM modem circuit with Wavecom WMOi3
Modems are devices that connect either remote devices to a computer, or two or more computers to each other. Their connection is usually wired. The GSM modem we present is wireless. It can connect two computers, a computer with the internet or even be the central unit for a data acquisition system. Generally the construction is a GSM phone...
1W UHF Linear Amplifier with BLW33
This circuit is an amplifier for small transmitters operating in the UHF band, specifically in the 450-800MHz range. The amplifier works in class A and we used the well-known Philips BLW33 transistor for its manufacture. The construction, although simple, can be said to be quite critical due to the high frequency singularity. To achieve this, a...
8W Amplifier with TDA2003 circuit
Many times a small amplifier is needed to meet the needs of small spaces. This amplifier can be either mono or stereo, with this circuitry you can comfortably drive two small speakers. To build the amplifier you do not need anything but a few materials and a small power supply. The power of the amplifier, although low power, will solve many...
FM Linear Amplifier 400mW
This amplifier is intended for amplifying low signals from oscillators in the FM band. It does not have frequency regulators with variable capacitors and coils, it has a wide range and moderate power capable of driving several linear amplifiers. The whole construction is based on the two low-power 2N4427 transistors, which are designed for the...
50 Watt Hi-Fi power amplifier circuit
SGS Thomson's integrated TDA7294 is a high-frequency acoustic power amplifier, with true high-precision specifications, suited for all relevant applications. Its main feature is much higher output power than is usual in amplifiers with similar distortion performance. According to its manufacturer, the output stage of this 15-pin integrated can...
RF Remote Control Switch Rx-Tx circuits
This circuit consists of a 2048 radio remote control transmitter and the corresponding wireless receiver with very high reception sensitivity and low consumption. The combination of the two above gives a high-reliability remote control, ideal for security systems, alarms, automation, etc. At home, in the car and elsewhere. Using the wireless...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial
Analog Devices' 16-Channel, 12/16-Bit Digital-to-Analog Converters Target Telecom Optical-Module Control
Jun 14, 2017
Build a Flyback-Based Geiger Counter with LabVIEW Interface
Jun 8, 2017
Digital-to-Analog Converters use 4-wire serial interface.
Jun 16, 2017
Improving on an Improvement: A New MEMS Microphone from PUI Audio
Jun 2, 2017
ASUS ROG Rampage V Edition 10 Review
Jun 9, 2017
LTC launches SAR ADC with integrated picoamp input buffers
Apr 18, 2017
Say Farewell to Offset Voltage with a Zero-Drift Op Amp
Apr 19, 2017
The First Handheld Digital Calculator Celebrates 50 Years, Part 1
Mar 27, 2017