Mini High-Voltage Generator

Posted on Feb 6, 2014

Here`s a project that could be useful this summer on the beach, to stop anyone touching your things left on your beach towel while you`ve gone swimming; you might equally well use it at the office or workshop when you go back to work. In a very small space, and powered by simple primary cells or rechargeable batteries, the proposed circuit generat

Mini High-Voltage Generator
Click here to download the full size of the above Circuit.

es a low-energy, high voltage of the order of around 200 to 400 V, harmless to humans, of course, but still able to give a quite nasty poke` to anyone who touches it. Quite apart from this practical aspect, this project will also prove instructional for younger hobbyists, enabling them to discover a circuit that all the oldies` who`ve worked in radio, and having enjoyed valve technology in particular, are bound to be familiar with. As the circuit diagram shows, the project is extremely simple, as it contains only a single active element, and then it`s only a fairly ordinary transistor. As shown here, it operates as a low-frequency oscillator, making it possible to convert the battery`s DC voltage into an AC voltage that can be stepped up via the transformer. Using a centre-tapped transformer as here makes it possible to build a Hartley` oscillator around transistor T1, which as we have indicated above was used a great deal in radio in that distant era when valves reigned supreme and these was no sign of silicon taking over and turning most electronics into solid state`. The Hartley` is one of a number of L-C oscillator designs that made it to eternal fame and was named after its invertor, Ralph V. L Hartley (1888-1970). For such an oscillator to work and produce a proper sinewave output, the position of the intermediate tap on the winding used had to be carefully chosen to ensure the proper step-down (voltage reduction)...

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