Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Crystal Oscillator Circuits
Crystal Oscillator Circuits
Crystal oscillator provides low noise
The oscillator delivers an output of high spectral purity without any substantial sacrifice of the usual stability of a crystal oscillator. The crystal in addition to determining the oscillator's frequency, is used also as a low-pass filter for the unwanted harmonics and as a bandpass filter for the sideband noise.
Low-frequency oscillator 10-150khz
CI in series with the crystal may be used to adjust the oscillator output frequencyÂ· Value may range between 20 pF and 0.01 ÂµÂ¥, or may be a trimmer capacitor and will approximately equal the crystal load capacitance. X values are approximate and can vary for most circuits and frequencies; this is also true for resistance values. Adequate...
High frequency crystal oscillator
One section of the MC10101 is connected as a 100 MHz crystal oscillator with the crystal in series with the feedback loop. The LC tank circuit tunes the 100 MHz harmonic of the crystal and may be used to calibrate the circuit to the exact frequency. A second section of the MC10101 buffers the crystal oscillator and gives complementary 100 MHz...
Overtone crystal oscillator
This circuit employs an adjustable resonant tank circuit which insures operation at the desired crystal overtone. Cl and LI form the resonant tank circuit, which with the values specified as a resonant frequency adjustable from approximately 50 MHz to 100 MHz. Overtone operation is accomplished by adjusting the tank circuit frequency at or near...
Overtone crystal oscillator
The crystal element in this circuit is connected directly between the base and ground. Capacitor Cl is used to improve the feedback due to the internal capacitances of the transistor. This capacitor should be mounted as close as possible to the case of the transistor. The LC tank circuit in the collector of the transistor is tuned to the...
The crystal is in a feedback circuit from collector to base. A trimmer capacitor in series shifts the point on the reactance curve where the crystal operates, thus providing a frequency trim
The crystal operates into a complex load at series resonance. Ll, Cl, and C2 balance the crystal at zero reactance. Capacitor Cl fine-tunes the center frequency
100Khz crystal calibrator
This circuit is often used by amateur radio operations, shortwave listeners, and other operators of shortwave receivers to calibrate the dial pointer. The oscillator operates at a fundamental frequency of 100 kHz, and the harmonics are used to locate points on the shortwave dial, provided that the output of the calibrator is coupled to the...
Parallel-mode aperiodic crystal oscillator
The crystal is placed between the collector of the output stage and the base of the input stage. The frequency of oscillation can be set to a precise value with trimmer capacitor CI. The range of operation for this circuit is 500 kHz to 10 MHz
For frequencies below 20 MHz, a fundamental-frequency crystal can be used and the resonant tank is no longer required. Also, at this lower frequency range the typical MECL 10,000 propagation delay of 2 ns becomes small compared to the period of oscillation, and it becomes necessary to use a noninverting output. Thus, the MC10116 oscillator...
This low cost, crystal-controlled oscillator uses one TTL gate. Two factors ensure oscillator start-up: The connection of NAND gates G1, G2, and G3 into an unstable logic configuration and the high loop gain of the three inverters. Values of R1, R2, C1, and C2 aren"t critical;
An on-board oscillator and a 17-stage divider compose IC1. By connecting a standard 3.58-MHz, television color-burst crystal as shown, an accurate source of 60-Hz squarewaves is generated at the IC"s output, pin 1. Those pulses are then fed to IC2, a 4024 seven-stage ripple counter. Its outputs are connected to different gates in IC3, which is a...
This unit is easily tunable and stable, consumes little power, and costs less than other types of oscillators tlmt operate at the same frequencies. This unusual combination of features is made possible by a design concept that includes operation of the transistor well beyond the 3 dB frequency of its currentversus- frequency curve. The concept...
This circuit uses LTC1043 to differentiate between a temperature sensing network and a de reference. The single-ended output biases a varactor-tuned crystal oscillator to compensate drift.
Diagram shows a 100MHz oscillator operating on the fifth harmonic. Again to maintain the transistor"s gain, note the increase in the collector"s load resistance Rl because of the increase in the quartz crystal"s internal series resistance R5. C3 is needed at frequencies above 50 MHz to tune out the shunting effect of LLon Rl, to maintain a...
Diagram shows a 50MHz oscillator operating on a third harmonic. The collector"s load resistor R1 has been increased because the quartz crystal"s internal series resistance Rs increases with frequency in the VHF range. The crystal"s internal series resistance Rs is 30ohm, and the transistor"s minimum current gain HFI, is 100.
Although ceramic resonators are a good choice for low-power, low-frequency clock sources (if you can stand their 30-ppm te
150 To 30000Khz Oscillator
CI capacitor in series with the crystal may be used to adjust the output frequency of the oscillator. The valu
This simple circuit will oscillate with a wide range of crystals. Connect several different types of crystal holders in
Low-Frequency Crystal Oscillator Circuit
Ql, Q2, and the associated circuitry form a modified astable multivibrator in which the loop gain is automatically adjusted to the threshold of oscillation by means of field effect transistor Q3. Q4 linearly amplifies the signal present at the collector of Q2 and isolates the oscillator section of the circuit from the output. This stage...
Easy Crystal Impedance Checker Circuit
On occasion, microprocessors/microcomputers and microprocessor crystals just aren`t compatible with each other. Many microprocessor data sheets specify maximum values for a crystal`s equivalent series resistance (Rs) that aren`t met by some crystals advertised for microprocessor/ microcomputer use. As a result, a crystal with an Rs value...
Crystal-controlled signal source
This general purpose signal source serves very well in signal-tracing applications. The output level is variable to more than 1 Vrms into a 50 O load. Almost any crystal in the 1 to 15 MHz range can be used. Ql forms a Colpitis oscillator with the output taken from the emitter. A capacitive voltage divider (across the 2.2 emitter resistor)...
High-frequency crystal oscillator
A high speed oscillator is possible by combining an MECL 10 crystal oscillator with an MECL III frequency doubler as shown. One section of the MC10101 is connected as a 100 MHz crystal oscillator with the crystal in series with the feedback loop. The LC tank circuit tunes the 100 MHz harmonic of the crystal and may be used to calibrate the...
Varactor-tuned 10 mhz ceramic resonator oscillator
The FET input amplifier has fixed bias with source feedback. This provides a very high input impedance with very low capacitance. The FET amplifier drives an emitter follower which, in spite of the fact that it has a low output impedance, feeds a transformer with a 3:1 turns ratio for a nine-fold impedance reduction. The result is an impedance...
IC-compatible crystal oscillator
Resistors Rl and R2 temperature-stabilize the NAND gates; they also ensure that the gates are in a linear region for starting. Capacitor CI is a dc block; it must have less than Vw ohm impedance at the operating frequency. The crystal runs in a series-resonant mode. Its series resistance must be low; AT-cut crystals for the 1- to 10-MHz range...
Oscillator operates from one cell
The circuit is powered by a single 1.35 V mercury cell and provides a 1 V square-wave output. As shown, the crystal is a tuned circuit between transistors Ql and Q2, which are connected in the common-emitter configuration. Positive feedback provided by means of R permits oscillation.
Crystal oscillator DTL integrated circuit
By a crystal oscillator b DTL integrated circuit constituted DTL is shown by the crystal oscillator integrated circuits, and the oscillation frequency
Several gates as a crystal oscillator circuit
It consists of several gates as a crystal oscillator circuit c Several gates as shown by a crystal oscillator circuit. FIG. (A) to l MHz crystal oscillator circuit, the figure (b) is 20 MHz crystal
Crystal oscillator circuit diagram of a compatible IC
Temperature stable resistors R1 and R2 NAND gates, they ensure that the switches in the linear region open. Capacitor C1 is a DC component at the operating frequencies,
Trimming the Internal Clock Generator on the 68HC908KX8 Microcontroller
One of the nicest features of the 8-bit KX8 microcontroller (manufactured by Freescale Semiconductor) is that it includes an internal clock generator (ICG). This allows the chip to run without the trouble and expense of an external crystal or canned oscillator.
Bugdozer is an autonomous mini-Sumo robot. Her main board consists of a MC68HC908GP32 microcontroller along with input/output support chips, a voltage regulator, a crystal oscillator, and the usual assortment of resistors, capacitors, and switches. All chips are socket mounted. I`m not experienced at soldering, so soldering the sockets avoided...
Crystal Controlled Time Base Oscillator
This is an image Schematic. No Description available.
Astable Oscillator Circuits
Colpitts Oscillator Circuits
Hartley Oscillator Circuits
RF Oscillator Circuits
Sine Wave Oscillator Circuits
Square Wave Oscillator Circuits
Volt Controlled Oscillator Circuits
Wein Bridge Oscillator Circuits
Pierce Oscillator Circuits
255W Valve RF Transmitter circuit
This transmitter of 255W is depended on the coils we put at it to work in both the middle and the short waves. The power in the antenna is 255W and includes 4 states. The first consists of the EF80 that works as a COLLPITS CLAPP oscillator. Frequency selection is done in a somewhat unusual way: Instead of the variable capacitor, it uses a...
Arduino DAC Signal Generator project
Once the circuit gets current, all variables are initialized and the loop function is continually running. Initially all LEDs are off and there is no signal at the output. By pressing the signal switch, the first light that shows the most signal is at the output and the D0-D7 terminals give the appropriate signal which, when passing from the...
Recording circuit of phone conversations using PC
This circuit is used to record telephone conversations on your landline telephone. All you will need is this small circuit and subscription of your PC. There are few times when we forget what we said or told us. So we need recording. Sometime, not many years ago, recording of this kind of conversation was done with a small tape recorder. The...
FM Micro-Transmitter Bug Surveillance Circuit
The transmitter we recommend to build is quite simple. It can even be built by a beginner. However, unlike the ease of construction and its small size, it is almost certain that it will impress you with its outstanding performance. Its autonomy is 12-15 hours, with a 9 volt battery and its range is from 100 to 300 meters depending on the...
Construction of 50Watt 8Ω two-way Hi-Fi Speakers
The presented speakers are distinguished for their small dimensions and their extraordinary sound. Our home space is often limited and prohibitive for large speakers. This limitation does not mean that we will stay without high Sound Quality. Its design is simple, low cost and is easy to construct. Speaker types are too many and are designed in...
GSM modem circuit with Wavecom WMOi3
Modems are devices that connect either remote devices to a computer, or two or more computers to each other. Their connection is usually wired. The GSM modem we present is wireless. It can connect two computers, a computer with the internet or even be the central unit for a data acquisition system. Generally the construction is a GSM phone...
1W UHF Linear Amplifier with BLW33
This circuit is an amplifier for small transmitters operating in the UHF band, specifically in the 450-800MHz range. The amplifier works in class A and we used the well-known Philips BLW33 transistor for its manufacture. The construction, although simple, can be said to be quite critical due to the high frequency singularity. To achieve this, a...
8W Amplifier with TDA2003 circuit
Many times a small amplifier is needed to meet the needs of small spaces. This amplifier can be either mono or stereo, with this circuitry you can comfortably drive two small speakers. To build the amplifier you do not need anything but a few materials and a small power supply. The power of the amplifier, although low power, will solve many...
FM Linear Amplifier 400mW
This amplifier is intended for amplifying low signals from oscillators in the FM band. It does not have frequency regulators with variable capacitors and coils, it has a wide range and moderate power capable of driving several linear amplifiers. The whole construction is based on the two low-power 2N4427 transistors, which are designed for the...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial
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