Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
RF Oscillator Circuits
RF Oscillator Circuits
Receiver for 50 khz optical transmitter
For maximum range, the receiver must be designed in the same manner as a radio receiver front end, since the received signals will be similar in both frequency component and in amplitude of the photodiode current. The major constraint on the receiver performance is signal to noise ratio, followed by e.m. shielding, stability, bias points, parts...
RF-powered sidetone oscillator
A sidetone oscillator is a special audio astable multivibrator. Keying is accomplished oscillator that is turned on and off with the by applying a positive dc potential, developed transmitter. The oscillator is rf-driven and bat- from the rf signal, to the reset terminal of the tery operated
Diode Sensor For Lasers
Laser-receiver circuits must bias their avalanche photo diodes (APD) to achieve optimal gain. Unfortunately, an APD
Frequency Multiplier Without Pll Circuit
An input rectangular signal is differentiated and short impulses are formed from its edges. These impulses write the content of counter A to a latch that clears the counter after a very short time. Counter A counts impulses of the frequency fo that are much greater than that of the input signal. The pulses come from an impulse generator. Thus,...
6.5Mhz Vfo Circuit
Fixed-value capacitors are disc ceramics. CI, C4, C5, C6, and C8 are NPO ceramic or polystyrene. C2 is a 25-pF ceramic trimmer and C3 is a 15- pF miniature air variable capacitor. The resistors are -W carbon film or composition. The RF chokes are miniature Mouser Electronics No. 43LR103 units. For LI, use 32 turns of #28 enamel wire on an...
Rf Signal Generator Circuit
This circuit uses a VFO operating from 15 to 18 MHz (Ul), which feeds a balanced mixer (U2). A fixed oscillator signal is mixed with this signal to generate an output from 0.4 to 33 MHz. FL1 and FL2 are low- and high-pass filters that are used to eliminate undesired mixer products.
Ham Band Vfo Circuit
This basic VFO for the 3- to 6-MHz range is coirimonly used in amateur applications, using a Colpitis circuit. For 5 to 5.5 MHz, C = C2 = 70 pF and for 3.5 to 4.0 MHz, use 1000 pF. C3 is typically 10 to 220 pF, depending on the frequency. C4, C5, and C6, together with C3, determine the frequency along with LI.
An RF input is applied to the primary of Tl, which applies equal amplitude, opposite phase RF drive for output FETs Ql and Q2. With no AF modulation at points A and B, the opposite phase RF signals cancel each other and no output appears at the 50 V output connector. When AF modulation is applied to points A and B, a modulated RF output is...
100 MHz RF oscillator with ATtiny12
A frequency reference for tuning up the RS-232 to 100 MHz RF desktop channel adapter elsewhere on this site, when I found this Saronix crystal oscillator in my junk box. A few minutes with AVRStudio produced an ATtiny12 to make a tone - even fewer parts than using an NE-555. With the addition of a transistor to gate the output, I was set to go....
RF oscillator uses current-feedback op amp
A current-feedback amplifier is a well-known component with many uses. Its basic block diagram shows that its input stage is a voltage followerin practice, a symmetrical emitter follower (Figure 1). The configuration samples the output current, converts it to voltage across a large impedance, and amplifies it to the output using a high-power,...
RF oscillator circuit (2N3904)
This basic RF oscillator circuit is easy to build and the components are not critical. Most of them can be found in your junk parts box. The L1 antenna col can be made by close winding 8 to 10 turns of 22 gauge insulted hookup wire around 1/4 inch form such as a pencil.
100 MHz RF Oscillator Circuit
The following schematic diagram shows the design of a 100 MHz Radio Frequency RF Oscillator Circuit. The electrets microphone picks up and amplifies sound then fed it into the audio amplifier stage built around the first transistor. The output from the collector is fed into the base of the second transistor where it modulates the resonant...
187 KHz RF oscillator
An oscillator, a small power stage, some modulation, and a tiny loop antenna make RF for experiments on at 187.5 kHz on the United States' FCC Part 15 Lowfer band (1600-1750 meters). This is a low power signal source I put together one evening to provide 187 KHz RF signals for an anticipated receiver investigation. Under Federal Communications...
16-300 MHz Testing Colpitts oscillator
The circuit is a modified Colpitts oscillator, tuned with MV209 varactor diodes. The resonating inductor and the drain choke are selected by a rotary switch. 1N5711 Schottky diode, D, clamps the maximum positive voltage on the gate of oscillator FET, Q1 to just above ground to reduce the distortion in the wave form on the gate of Q1. Buffer Q2...
Basic RF Oscillator
You ought be able to pick up its signal with a standard FM radio receiver. The signal in ought be coupled by a disc capacitor of about 0. 1 uF to stage in main of it.
RF OSCILLATOR CIRCUITS
A popular circuit known as a Hartley oscillator. Its identifiable feature is the tapped coil in the LC tank circuit. Notice that the coil`s tap point is grounded. The amplifier portion of the oscillator is a common-emitter amplifier. Therefore, the ac base voltage and ac collector voltage are 180 out of phase. This means that the feedback...
Astable Oscillator Circuits
Colpitts Oscillator Circuits
Crystal Oscillator Circuits
Hartley Oscillator Circuits
Sine Wave Oscillator Circuits
Square Wave Oscillator Circuits
Volt Controlled Oscillator Circuits
Wein Bridge Oscillator Circuits
Pierce Oscillator Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial
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