Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Transmitters & Receivers
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
RF Oscillator Circuits
RF Oscillator Circuits
Receiver for 50 khz optical transmitter
For maximum range, the receiver must be designed in the same manner as a radio receiver front end, since the received signals will be similar in both frequency component and in amplitude of the photodiode current. The major constraint on the receiver performance is signal to noise ratio, followed by e.m. shielding, stability, bias points, parts...
RF-powered sidetone oscillator
A sidetone oscillator is a special audio astable multivibrator. Keying is accomplished oscillator that is turned on and off with the by applying a positive dc potential, developed transmitter. The oscillator is rf-driven and bat- from the rf signal, to the reset terminal of the tery operated
Diode Sensor For Lasers
Laser-receiver circuits must bias their avalanche photo diodes (APD) to achieve optimal gain. Unfortunately, an APD
Frequency Multiplier Without Pll Circuit
An input rectangular signal is differentiated and short impulses are formed from its edges. These impulses write the content of counter A to a latch that clears the counter after a very short time. Counter A counts impulses of the frequency fo that are much greater than that of the input signal. The pulses come from an impulse generator. Thus,...
6.5Mhz Vfo Circuit
Fixed-value capacitors are disc ceramics. CI, C4, C5, C6, and C8 are NPO ceramic or polystyrene. C2 is a 25-pF ceramic trimmer and C3 is a 15- pF miniature air variable capacitor. The resistors are -W carbon film or composition. The RF chokes are miniature Mouser Electronics No. 43LR103 units. For LI, use 32 turns of #28 enamel wire on an...
Rf Signal Generator Circuit
This circuit uses a VFO operating from 15 to 18 MHz (Ul), which feeds a balanced mixer (U2). A fixed oscillator signal is mixed with this signal to generate an output from 0.4 to 33 MHz. FL1 and FL2 are low- and high-pass filters that are used to eliminate undesired mixer products.
Ham Band Vfo Circuit
This basic VFO for the 3- to 6-MHz range is coirimonly used in amateur applications, using a Colpitis circuit. For 5 to 5.5 MHz, C = C2 = 70 pF and for 3.5 to 4.0 MHz, use 1000 pF. C3 is typically 10 to 220 pF, depending on the frequency. C4, C5, and C6, together with C3, determine the frequency along with LI.
An RF input is applied to the primary of Tl, which applies equal amplitude, opposite phase RF drive for output FETs Ql and Q2. With no AF modulation at points A and B, the opposite phase RF signals cancel each other and no output appears at the 50 V output connector. When AF modulation is applied to points A and B, a modulated RF output is...
100 MHz RF oscillator with ATtiny12
A frequency reference for tuning up the RS-232 to 100 MHz RF desktop channel adapter elsewhere on this site, when I found this Saronix crystal oscillator in my junk box. A few minutes with AVRStudio produced an ATtiny12 to make a tone - even fewer parts than using an NE-555. With the addition of a transistor to gate the output, I was set to go....
RF oscillator uses current-feedback op amp
A current-feedback amplifier is a well-known component with many uses. Its basic block diagram shows that its input stage is a voltage followerin practice, a symmetrical emitter follower (Figure 1). The configuration samples the output current, converts it to voltage across a large impedance, and amplifies it to the output using a high-power,...
RF oscillator circuit (2N3904)
This basic RF oscillator circuit is easy to build and the components are not critical. Most of them can be found in your junk parts box. The L1 antenna col can be made by close winding 8 to 10 turns of 22 gauge insulted hookup wire around 1/4 inch form such as a pencil.
100 MHz RF Oscillator Circuit
The following schematic diagram shows the design of a 100 MHz Radio Frequency RF Oscillator Circuit. The electrets microphone picks up and amplifies sound then fed it into the audio amplifier stage built around the first transistor. The output from the collector is fed into the base of the second transistor where it modulates the resonant...
187 KHz RF oscillator
An oscillator, a small power stage, some modulation, and a tiny loop antenna make RF for experiments on at 187.5 kHz on the United States' FCC Part 15 Lowfer band (1600-1750 meters). This is a low power signal source I put together one evening to provide 187 KHz RF signals for an anticipated receiver investigation. Under Federal Communications...
16-300 MHz Testing Colpitts oscillator
The circuit is a modified Colpitts oscillator, tuned with MV209 varactor diodes. The resonating inductor and the drain choke are selected by a rotary switch. 1N5711 Schottky diode, D, clamps the maximum positive voltage on the gate of oscillator FET, Q1 to just above ground to reduce the distortion in the wave form on the gate of Q1. Buffer Q2...
Basic RF Oscillator
You ought be able to pick up its signal with a standard FM radio receiver. The signal in ought be coupled by a disc capacitor of about 0. 1 uF to stage in main of it.
RF OSCILLATOR CIRCUITS
A popular circuit known as a Hartley oscillator. Its identifiable feature is the tapped coil in the LC tank circuit. Notice that the coil`s tap point is grounded. The amplifier portion of the oscillator is a common-emitter amplifier. Therefore, the ac base voltage and ac collector voltage are 180 out of phase. This means that the feedback...
Astable Oscillator Circuits
Colpitts Oscillator Circuits
Crystal Oscillator Circuits
Hartley Oscillator Circuits
Sine Wave Oscillator Circuits
Square Wave Oscillator Circuits
Volt Controlled Oscillator Circuits
Wein Bridge Oscillator Circuits
Pierce Oscillator Circuits
Construction of 50Watt 8Ω two-way Hi-Fi Speakers
The presented speakers are distinguished for their small dimensions and their extraordinary sound. Our home space is often limited and prohibitive for large speakers. This limitation does not mean that we will stay without high Sound Quality. Its design is simple, low cost and is easy to construct. Speaker types are too many and are designed in...
GSM modem circuit with Wavecom WMOi3
Modems are devices that connect either remote devices to a computer, or two or more computers to each other. Their connection is usually wired. The GSM modem we present is wireless. It can connect two computers, a computer with the internet or even be the central unit for a data acquisition system. Generally the construction is a GSM phone...
1W UHF Linear Amplifier with BLW33
This circuit is an amplifier for small transmitters operating in the UHF band, specifically in the 450-800MHz range. The amplifier works in class A and we used the well-known Philips BLW33 transistor for its manufacture. The construction, although simple, can be said to be quite critical due to the high frequency singularity. To achieve this, a...
8W Amplifier with TDA2003 circuit
Many times a small amplifier is needed to meet the needs of small spaces. This amplifier can be either mono or stereo, with this circuitry you can comfortably drive two small speakers. To build the amplifier you do not need anything but a few materials and a small power supply. The power of the amplifier, although low power, will solve many...
FM Linear Amplifier 400mW
This amplifier is intended for amplifying low signals from oscillators in the FM band. It does not have frequency regulators with variable capacitors and coils, it has a wide range and moderate power capable of driving several linear amplifiers. The whole construction is based on the two low-power 2N4427 transistors, which are designed for the...
50 Watt Hi-Fi power amplifier circuit
SGS Thomson's integrated TDA7294 is a high-frequency acoustic power amplifier, with true high-precision specifications, suited for all relevant applications. Its main feature is much higher output power than is usual in amplifiers with similar distortion performance. According to its manufacturer, the output stage of this 15-pin integrated can...
RF Remote Control Switch Rx-Tx circuits
This circuit consists of a 2048 radio remote control transmitter and the corresponding wireless receiver with very high reception sensitivity and low consumption. The combination of the two above gives a high-reliability remote control, ideal for security systems, alarms, automation, etc. At home, in the car and elsewhere. Using the wireless...
0-30V Lab Variable Power Supply
At the left side (input AC) goes the secondary of a 220 volt (primary) 18 Volt (secondary) / 3 Ampere mains transformer. The alternating voltage of 18 volts from its secondary transformer is rectified by the diodes D1, D2, D3 and D4, which are connected to a bridge arrangement and make a double rectifier. The pulse from the bridge exit is...
Ultra High Sensitivity Metal Detector Circuit
This circuit is a metal detector capable of detecting large metallic objects. at a depth of 2m to 3m. It depends on the size of the object, and often on the type of soil. Construction is very easy to implement even for a beginner. The necessary components are easy to find everywhere. This detector has the ability to detect a gold coin of 20mm...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial
Open source RF signal generator features WiFi
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