Tape recorder interface

The interface allows data to be saved on an ordinary tape recorder at a speed of 2400 bit/s. The serial stream of data Fig. 1 (A) is coded with a clock of 2400 Hz (B), by means of XOR gate IC 1/1. Logical `high` and `low` appear as shown in Fig. 2 (C). These impulses are lowered in amplitude and feed into the record input of a low cost tape recorder. During the playback, pulses (D) are amplified with CMOS gate IC 1/2 connected as a linear amplifier, and providing a TTL level signal shown in (E). On both positive and negative transitions IC 1/4 forms short pulses as shown in (F) (approx. 50 *ts) that triggers one shot IC2. A monostable one shot pulse width is adjusted to be 3A of bit length (310 µß).
Tape recorder interface  - schematic

A change from "high" to "low" in a coded stream generates a "low" pulse width of one bit cell. The same is for change from ' low'' to ' 'high'' that generates a "high" pulse of the same width. During this pulse one shot latches the state of line in D type flip-flop IC3 (G). When a stream consists of multiple "ones" or "zeros," the one shot is retriggered before it comes to the end of the quasistable state and the state of the flip-flop remains unchanged. The original data stream is available at the output of the flip-flop (). Z80 the DUART that receives these pulses is programmed so that the receiver clock is 16 times the data rate (38.4 kHz).

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