Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Vacuum-Tube Valves Circuits
Vacuum-Tube Valves Circuits
12AU7 / 12AX7 Tube Preamplifier Power Supply Schematic
OddWatt Audio 5751 SRPP / KT88 Push-Pull Monoblock Tube Amplifier Kits
One of the advantages of hosting a hobby website is that you meet people through email who have similar interests as you. Ever since we posted Bruce`s first OddWatt project on the site I have communicated with a number of DIY hobbyists who have built the various OddWatt amplifiers and have had nothing but very positive comments about the sonic qua
6418 Tube RIAA Phono Preamplifier
Last year I built and reviewed the low cost Oatley Electronics K272 Tube Stereo Headphone Amplifier Kit. In conversation with Oatley Electronics (located in New South Wales Australia), they told me that the kit became very popular and sold pretty much all over the world. The little headphone amplifier kit was based around new old stock Raytheon J
Oatley K272 JAN 6418 Valve (Tube) Preamplifier / Headphone Amp Kit
Oatley Electronics in New South Wales Australia makes a few kits based around the Raytheon JAN 6418 sub-miniature valve (tube). I decided to try out the $27AU K272A Stereo Tube Preamplifier - Headphone Driver kit. [Note - the K272 has been replaced with the K272C Stereo Tube Headphone Amplifier Kit which costs $40AU (December 2013). ] A photograph
DIY Single-Ended (SE) 6L6 / 5881 Tube Amplifier
This past summer I saw Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen and I was inspired to build an enclosure for a vacuum tube amplifier that incorporated the Decepticon logo. The tube amplifier replaces a solid-state amplifier which was driven by a tube preamplifier. For the tube amplifier circuit I used a cutoff pentode (6SJ7 or 6SD7) driving a beam powe
DIY 6T9 Tube (Valve) Single-Ended Amplifier Kit
The PCB for this amplifier can be purchased from Spare Time Gizmos for $16US. In a single afternoon you can have the whole board assembled and dropped into a chassis of your choice. The value and type of component is laid-out in the parts list. But what I like to do is to put my own twist on each amp I build. If you are not an experienced valve am
DIY ECC802S (12AU7 / ECC82) Vacuum Tube SRPP Preamplifier
that used a SRPP (shunt-regulated PP) driver stage I started to do some research and modeling on a SRPP. The advantages of such a line stage are much the same as those when a SRPP is used as a driver. Good linearity, low distortion, low impedance output, good power supply noise rejection and modest gain. The research also indicated that the gain n
Poddwatt: Class-A Stereo Push-Pull EL84 (6BQ5) Vacuum Tube Amplifier
This project is related to the other tube amplifier projects I have posted. It has more than a casual similarity to the first Push-Pull EL84 (6BQ5) Oddwatt project from nearly two years ago. Both tube amplifier projects use EL84 / 6BQ5 tubes and the earlier one used a ECC802S driver while this one uses 5751 driver tubes. The basic circuits are rat
Groovewatt a DIY Vacuum Tube (Valve) RIAA Phono Preamplifier Project
This is a project that I always wanted to do, but managed to put off for a long time. It has been over a year in the doing. Partly because there are so many good phono preamps in existence and I was slightly concerned that it was beyond my design skills. It took over a year to get it up to my satisfaction. There were several iterations and lots of
Electronics Circuit Application: New Vacuum Tube Amplifier
The power supply has been simplified. Power transformers and rectifiers have been omitted and some parts have been omitted from the MOSFET voltage regulator circuits: 1N5242 zener diodes between the source and gate and 10k resistors in series with the gate. These parts serve as protection in case of accidental short circuits, but don`t affect the
Electron tubes How Electron tubes work, Early tube history, The triode, The tetrode, Beam power tubes, The pentode, Combination tubes, Tube parameters, Ionization (gas-filled) tubes, Display tubes, Microwave tubes, Tubes versus Semiconductors Electron tubes This site is dedicated to Electron Tubes of all kinds. Here you will find information about
A8V W8EXI 6CL6 One Tube Transmitter
A8V W8EXI 6CL6 One Tube Transmitter. The operation of the 6CL6 transmitter is actually quite sophisticated..
Valve audio amplifier technical specification
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. Valves (also known as vacuum tubes) are very high input impedance (near infinite in most circuits) and high-output impedance devices. They are also hig
Fluorescent Tube Light DriverCircuit(10W)
simple current controlled led tube
The given circuit of a current controlled LED tube light uses a couple of high voltage transistors which works on a very basic principle for implementing the required current control operation. Resistor R2 is placed forconvertingthe rising current to voltage across itself. This voltage is sensed by R2 which immediately conducts and grounds T1s
making tesla coil and energizing tube
tube head amplifier
An amplifier built to drive my Sennheiser HD-600 headphones. Because of the relatively high impedance of these phones, I wanted plenty of voltage available to drive them. Because of the large dynamic range possible with these phones the system had to be very quiet. A high amount of resolution is available with these
6n3 5670 tube buffer
diy tube buffered passive preamp
By sufficiently lowering output impedence of a circuit and supplying enough current to drive cables, it does not suffer the same problems as passive designs. As such, it seems to solve the many of the problems inherent in both active and passive preamps without causing too many additional problems of is own. The problem that I encountered in...
stereo tube power amplifier schematic
mains ac xenon tube flasher circuit
The circuit was taken from one of the old elektor electronics magazine and it is indeed a very cute little circuit which may be used for creating high intensity lighting effects during festivals, parties and fun gatherings. Diodes D1 and D2 along with the capacitors C1 and C2 form a voltage doubler circuit which creates a voltage level twice the v
one tube regen radio circuit
A regenerative radio works by feeding back a small amount of amplified output of the detector back into the input. Thus it achieves sensitivity far beyond what only a detector could alone. This simple regen radio uses a single tube as it`s detector and amplifier; the "Audion". It`s a great first project for those wishing to bring back some nostalg
12sl7 srpp kt88 sipp acoustic tubes amp and supplies
A Pair of Push-Pull Class A, Ultra Linear Mono Block Tube Amplifiers that can be used with several different vacuum tubes including KT77 / 6L6GC / KT88 with a 12SL7 driver and 6NO30 tubes.
tube amp diagram
tube amplifier circuit for guitar
pic16f84a programmer circuit
The common wiring method had one side of the line cord going to a pin on the rectifier tube and the other side going to one terminal of the on/off switch. The other terminal of the on/off switch went to chassis. Suppose you plugged it in so the chassis was "cold" when the radio was turned on. That would mean that the bottom prong of the plug was c
It`s a power amplifier configuration that was developed in the 1950s. It is called a circlotron because the original idea diagram was drawn as a circle. The best I can do with my graphics program is to show it as a bridge. It`s promise is very low distortion. It`s cost is a total of 3 power supplies, none of them connected in common. Some...
Amp Gain Block
You see that the feedback is DC coupled, not through a capacitor, from the plate of the second triode to the cathode of the first. An earlier design used AC coupled feedback. This version was unstable at low frequencies. Bode analysis showed that a 3 microfarad coupling capacitor would have been needed to make it stable. The 220 k ohm resistor...
Amp Monoblock UL
You may be wondering why I am using four tubes. The reason is to get 50 watts without pushing them right to their limit. My tube manual gives two setups for EL34s in ultra linear. Both require a 6 k ohm transformer. Both setups use exactly the same voltages but one says you get 20 watts at 0. 34 percent distortion and the other says you get 34...
Amp Power Supply More Info
Vacuum tube electronic circuits operate from comparatively high DC voltages (150 to 600 volts). The Electric Utility supplies 120 volts AC. We have studied transformers and, therefore, we know that the 120 vAC line voltage could be stepped up to the necessary range but it would still be AC. The internal circuits of any device you can think of...
This stage may be driven by another resistance coupled amplifier stage in which case the resistor on the left labeled RC is RCf for the previous stage. The resistor on the right labeled RCf is the grid resistor of the next or following stage. The resistor labeled RC serves one purpose; that is to hold the grid at, or very near, ground potential. T
Audio Filters Circuits
Audio Amplifier Circuits
Audio Oscillator Circuits
Audio Mixer Circuits
Audio Equalizer Circuits
Audio Tone Balance Circuits
Beeper Buzzer Circuits
Musical & Effects Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial