Arduino Motion Detector Circuit

Posted on Feb 6, 2014

For example, once the motion sensor picks up motion, we can program the arduino to turn on an LED, turn on a motor so that it spins, sound a buzzer off, etc. In this circuit we are doing here, for simplicity, we will simply turn on an LED once the motion sensor detects motion. However, like explained before, you can customize the circuit to do any

Arduino Motion Detector Circuit
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thing such as turn on a buzzer. The main electronic component we will use that allows us to pick up this detection is the PIR motion sensor. The PIR motion sensor is a sensor which detects movement through picking up infrared radiation. Being that a person emits infrared radiation, the detector is able to detect this and react, according to the how the circuit is designed to react. The sensor can also pick up the movement of inanimate objects as well, such a rolling ball, because as those objects move, friction acts on them, generating heat. This heat emits infrared radiation, which the PIR sensors may be able to detect if great enough. This motion sensor can be bought at various online retailers. Probably the most reasonable price to get it is from amazon. com at the following link: Amazon- PIR Motion Sensor. Pin 1 is the pin which receives the positive DC voltage. The PIR motion sensor needs between 5V-9VDC of power for operation. In our case, we will use about 6V of power. This can be obtained from switching a DC power supply to 6V or using 4 `AA` batteries connected in series. We will then feed this voltage into pin 1 of the PIR module. Pin 3 is the Output pin of the PIR module. This is where the output of the PIR will leave from. When motion is detected by the PIR, its output will go high to 3V. When no motion is detected, its output low and it gives off practically no voltage. When high you can see then how it can...

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