Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
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AC to DC & DC to DC
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Digital to Analog
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Data Bus Circuits
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RF Converter Circuits
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voltage to frequency
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Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
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8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
DIY HV Variable Cap
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Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
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Analog to Digital Circuits
Analog to Digital Circuits
Video speed 6-bit Flash A/D converter
This circuit use the CA3306 a family of CMOS parallel (flash) analogue to digital converters designed for low power, high speed applications. The CA3306CE operates at sampling rates up to 10 million samples per second and the CA3306E up to 15 million samples per second permitting analogue signals with bandwidths up to 5MHz or 7.5MHz to be fully...
16 bit Analogue to Digital Converter LTC1052
The circuit here is a A/D converter, that consisting of A2, a flip-flop, some doors and a current sink, is based on a current balancing technique. Again, the stabilized LTC 1052 50 no drift of V input 1 Â° C is necessary to eliminate the offset errors of aid.
Simple A/D converter circuit with 2504
Time IO-bit conversion is 3.3 MHz with a p 3. Clock. This converter uses an approximation 2504 12-bit register in successive operating mode where the short-cycle end signal conversion is taken from the first bit used in the SAR (QLO).
Successive approximation a-d converter
A bipolar input, high speed A/D converter uses two AM25L03s to form a 14-bit successive approximation register. The comparator is a two-stage circuit with an HA2605 front-end amplifier used to reduce settling time problems at the summing node
The CMOS comparator in the successive-approximation system determines each bit by examining tbe charge on a series of binary-weighted capacitors. In tbe first phase of tbe conversion process, the analog input is sampled by closing switch SC and all ST switches, and by simultaneously charging all tbe capacitors to tbe input voltage. In tbe...
The analog input is fed into the span resistor of a DAC. The analog input voltage range is selectable in the same way as the output voltage range of the DAC. The net current flow through the ladder termination resistance; i.e., 2 KO for HI-562A; produces an error voltage at the DAC output. This error voltage is compared with 1/z LSB by a...
Conversion speed of this design is the sum of the delay through the comparator and the decoding gates. Reference voltages for each bit are developed from a precision resistor ladder network. Values of R and 2R are chosen so that the threshold is 1/z of the least significant bit. This assures maximum accuracy of Â±112 bit.
An aid conversion technique which combines some of the speed advantages of flash conversion with the circuitry savings of successive approximation is termed half-flash. In an 8-bit, half-flash converter, two 4-bit flash aid sections are combined. The upper flash aid compares the input signal to the reference and generates the upper 4 data...
An IBM PC can operate the two 12-bit A/D converters in Fig. 1 via its printer port. The converters" serial outputs use only two o
Adc Poller Circuit
Because the CS5501 16-bit-delta-sigma analog-to-digital converter lacks a start convert command, it converts continuously, outputting conversion words to its output register every 1024 cycles of its master clock. However, by incorporating a standard dual J-K flip-flop into the circuit, the ADC can be configured to output a single-conversion...
14 Bit A-D Converter with ICL7134B
The circuit ICL7134B base is a bipolar input AID converter broadband, using two AM25L03s to form a successive approximation register 14-bit. The comparator is a circuit with two stage amplifier HA2605 front, used to reduce the settling time problems in the pro summing node (see A020). Warning nu11ing offset of this amplifier is needed and if...
A/D Converter with LT1018
The converter has a 60-ms conversion consumes 460 pA of 1's. 5 V power supply and maintains an accuracy of 10 bits on a 15 Â° C in the temperature range of 35 Â° C. A pulse applied to convert the command line causes Q3, operating in reverse mode, the discharge path through the diode 10 kO, forcing its collector low. Q3 results of reverse mode...
10 Bit A-D converter circuit
Each time a pulse is applied to the conversion of the control input, Ql resets the 1000 pF capacitor to 0 V. This action takes 200 ns to reset the falling edge of the convert command pulse, the capacitor begins to charge linearly. In exactly 10 microseconds, it loads to 2.5 V. The ramp is 10 microseconds applied to the positive input of the...
High Speed A/D converter 12-bit
This system performs a complete conversion of 12 bits in 10 p unipolar or bipolar. This converter is accurate to Â± 12-bit LSB Y2 and a typical gain TC of 10 ppm / Â° C. In unipolar mode, the system range is 0 V to 9.9976 V, with each bit having a value of 2.44 mY. For the accuracy of true conversion, an A / D converter must be trimmed so that,...
Cyclic A/D converter circuit
The cyclic converter consists of a chain of identical stages, each of which detects the polarity of the input. Step V REF then subtracted from the double entry and the rest if the polarity is correct. The signal is full wave rectified and the rest of V IN - V REF is doubled.
Differential A/D Converter circuit CA3110
By using an op amp BiMOS CA3140 provides good orientation skills for high bandwidth signal input, and can quickly adjust the energy output at its terminal CA33IO WINE. The CA3140 can also lead to near the negative supply rail.
Pressure Transmitter Data Acquisition System circuit 1B31,18 bit A / D converter AD1170 and MCS-51 microcontroller
Pressure transmitter circuit data acquisition system by 1B31,18 bit A / D converter AD1170 and MCS-51 microcontroller
LF356 composed of AD converter
A/D converter is the analog signal into a digital circuit, it has a variety of circuits, as shown in Figures 21-24 is a circuit A/D converter structure, which is the use of a p
AD converter AD9887 circuit
As shown in the commonly used liquid crystal television video A/D converter AD9887, the chip can be analog R, G, B signal is converted into a digital signal output.
Audio AD converter circuit configuration
Audio A/D converter circuit configuration, the circuit CS5333 chip, which is a high-performance 24 bit 96 kHz stereo A/D converter, commonly used in digital products, a microph
555 Timer as an A/D converter
I had a Basic Stamp project that needed to measure a nominal 12 volt battery, and I wanted a simple solution. This is the simplest I could come up with. The 555 timer will put out positive pulses. The pulse width is inversely proportional to the difference in voltage between the voltage at "ANALOG IN" and the voltage of the 4.7uF capacitor(let`s...
16-bit ADC provides 19-bit resolution
Long-distance optical communications and medical equipment, such as CT scanners, can benefit from a fast and accurate data-acquisition system. Optical power systems, such as laser pumps, need to constantly monitor their power levels. In such systems, the incoming laser-power range and the laser control-loop response time are such that the system...
12-Bit Sampling A/D Converter Conserves Power
This application note uses a timer IC (ICL7555), CMOS logic and discrete transistors to automatically control the conversion the MAX190 12-bit SAR analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The delay between conversions can be programed using a resistor. Logic circuits ensures proper startup when power is applied.
How ADC Errors Affect System Performance
Using a 12-bit-resolution analog-to-digital converter (ADC) does not necessarily mean your system will have 12-bit accuracy. Sometimes, much to the surprise and consternation of engineers, a data-acquisition system will exhibit much lower performance than expected. When this is discovered after the initial prototype run, a mad scramble for a...
ADC controls multiple stepper motors
Typical stepper-motor control circuits use either logic gates and flip-flops or shift registers to generate the proper sequences of binary codes that produce bidirectional stepper-motor movement. A conventional stepper-motor-control circuit uses a square-wave generator, a sequence generator, or a shift register and current translators to control...
ADC enables temperature-compensated weigh-scale measurements
You can provide temperature compensation in weigh-scale applications by simultaneously measuring both the temperature of the bridge and the primary output of the bridge transducer. Traditionally, an integrated multiplexer connects multiple input variables to a single sigma-delta ADC. Each time the multiplexer switches the input, the ADC must...
ADC-to-PC interface transfers data in nibbles
The circuit in Figure 1 uses a Centronics printer port to interface an eight-channel, 8-bit ADC to a PC. The circuit cuts the cost of addressing and decoder circuitry and saves one expansion slot for interfacing. The design uses three of the subport`s various signals as control signals for channel selection, handshaking, and data transfer to the...
ADCs for Simultaneous Sampling
The MAX125 and the MAX126 are complete 14-bit data-acquisition systems in which four of eight inputs are tracked and held simultaneously (Figure 1). An on-board sequencer allows the user to program which four (or fewer) channels are to be digitized. Throughput rates range from 250ksps for one channel to 76ksps for all four channels. The input...
Automating ADC Data Collection
This article describes an automated data collection system for analog-to-digital converters (ADCs). It discusses the advantages of automating data collection as well as a detailed description of the hardware and software. It goes on to explain the operation of the system and give some data examples.
Simple Analog-to-digital Converter
The circuit of A-to-D converter shown here is configured around ADC 0808, avoiding the use of a microprocessor. The ADC 0808 is an 8-bit A-to-D converter, having data lines D0-D7. It works on the principle of successive approximation. It has a total of eight analogue input channels, out of which any one can be selected using address lines A, B...
Converting an analogue signal to a digital signal
his chapter shows how to connect an analogue signal to a PIC. An analogue signal is similar to a sine wave and is generally less than 5v (5,000mV) in amplitude. Low-level signals are generally expressed in mV, to make them instantly recognisable and easy to talk about.
Analog-to-Digital Converter Captures 1Gsps
The MAX104 processes analog input bandwidths that exceed 2.2GHz with 8-bit resolution. It sets a new standard for performance in high- frequency, high-bandwidth digital communications receivers, digital oscilloscopes, and high-speed data-acquisition systems. The MAX104 is a fast silicon monolithic analog-to-digital converter (ADC) that...
Digital to Analog Circuits
Data Logging Circuits
Data Bus Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
DIY HV Variable Capacitor
DIY PMA Alternator Plans
Digital Signal Integrity