Vacuum Tubes Valves
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Data Bus Circuits
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Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
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8051 / 8052
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H Bridge Circuit
DIY HV Variable Cap
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Digital Signal Integrity
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4 Band Resistor
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6 Band resistor
Address decoder interface circuit
Decoding circuit: In order to make the various interfaces to work properly, the system needs to assign IP addresses to all ports. According to the number of system interfaces,
For some applications it is important to have a tone decoder with narrow bandwidth and fast response time. This can be accomplished by the dual time constant tone decoder circuit shown. The circuit has two low-pass loop filter capacitors, C2 and C'2. With no input signal present, the output at pin 8 is high, transistor Qj is off, and C'2 is...
FDM stereo decoder
For other input structures see Figures 6 to 11; shown here with PC-filter (Figure ÃŸ). The micropoco capacitor has a temperature coefficient of 125.10"6i 60.10" k"1. In simplified circuits a fixed resistor (e.g. 620k) can be used for a guaranteed switching level Of < 16mV. Either the LEO circuit or an external stereo indicator can be used.
Background music decoder
A resistive voltage divider is used to establish a bias voltage for the input (Pins 2 and 3). The demodulated (multiplex) FM signal is fed to the input through a two-stage high-pass filter, both to effect capacitive coupling and to attenuate the strong signal of the regular channel. A total signal amplitude, between 80 mV and 300 mV, is required...
5 Mhz phase encoding
Readback data is applied directly to the input of the first NE592. This amplifier functions as a wide-band ac coupled amplifier with a gain of 100. By direct coupling of the readback head to the amplifier, no matched terminating resistors are required and the excellent common-mode rejection ratio of the amplifier is preserved. The dc components...
PLL (Ul) is set with R2 to desired tone frequency. LED lights to indicate lock-up of PLL. Reduce signal level (Rl) and readjust R2 to assure lock-up. Delay is selected from counter U3 output. Circuits latches (turns on Q1 to allow audio to speaker) when proper frequency/duration signal is received
Sca background music decoder
A resistive voltage divider is used to establish a bias voltage for the input (pins 2 and 3). The demodulated (multiplex) FM signal is fed to the input through a two-stage high-pass filter, both to effect capacitive coupling and to attenuate the strong signal of the regular channel. A total signal amplitude, between 80 mV and 300 mV, is required...
The baseband-audio input comes from the pole of switch Sl in the stereo decoder, and is coupled to IC1 (a CA3089) via a 78.6 kHz bandpass filter that consists of capacitors Cl and C2, and inductor Ll. IC1 is a combination i-f amplifier and quadrature detector normally used for FM radio systems operating within an i-f of 10.7 MHz. The device...
Adding a pair of one shots to the output of a 567 tone decoder renders it less sensitive to out-of-band signals and noise. Without the one shots, the 56Tis prone to spurious output chatter. Other protection schemes, such as feeding back outputs or using an input filter, do not work as well as the one shots. The output of the 567 is high in...
The transducer circuit can be operated as either a tone encoder or decoder by changing the position of Sl. The operating frequency of that dual-purpose circuit is determined by C3 and R2. Capacitors Cl and C2 are not critical and can be of almost any value between 1 and 5 mf. When the circuit is receiving an on-frequency signal, LEDl...
This circuit, which was developed to monitor the traffic of bumblebees in and out of the hive, differentiates a-to-b motion from b-to-b motion. When used with an optical decoder, the circuit distinguishes clockwise from counterclockwise rotation and provides a resolution of one output pulse per quadrature cycle. Q1 and Q2 are mounted so that...
The piezo transducer operates as a sound-pickup device as well as a frequency-selective filter. By controlling the gain of the op amps, the oscillator can be transformed into a sensitive and frequency-selective tone-decoder circuit. With the gain of U1a set just below the point of self oscillation, the transducer becomes sensitive to...
This electronic keyer uses four ICs (five, if the optional sidetone oscillator is desired) and operates from dc sources of 9 to 15
Frequency Shift Keyer
Apply a signal to each differential amplifier input pair. When the gate voltage is changed from one extreme to the ot
This circuit allows the effective power in a load to be controlled by varying the duty cycle of the on/off ratio of l
For the outband decoder shown here to work, the cable company must provide at least a 1 millivolt signal. Values for C1-C5 and L1-L4 ore found In Table 1. This circuit consists of an amplifier for the synch channel and a video detector which controls an attenuator so that the gain of the systems is increased dining synch intervals.
Gated pulse descrambler
This circuit consists of an amplifier and video detector with a second subcarrier detector for synch recovery purposes. A pulse-former circuit modulates the gain of the main channel increasing it during synch intervals.
TDM stereo decoder
The circuit shown here with RC filter (Figure T). Micropoco capacitor has a temperature coefficient of 125 10"6 60.10" 6'C" V In simplified circuits a fixed resistor (e g. 620k) can be used for a guaranteed switching level of < l6mV.
The circuit uses a Signetics NE565 PLL (Phase-Locked Loop) as a detector to recover the SCA signal. The input to the SCA decoder circuit is connected to an FM receiver at a point between the FM discriminator and the de-emphasis filter network. The PLL, IC1, is tuned to 67 kHz by R7, a 5 potentiometer. Tuning need not be exact since the circuit...
PAL Colour Encoder (TEA2000-V1)
A PAL color encoder and video summer which requires just composite sync and composite blanking inputs, and a 6-bit binary coded input giving the color information. The inputs are organized as 2 bits per primary color with gamma correction automatically applied to the resultant luminance and chrominance levels.
Band decoder circuit diagram
The circuit amplifier and an attenuator control video detector consists of a composition for synchronization channel,
Cheap I2C bus control stereo decoder TDA9853H
Cheap I2c shown as a bus control stereo decoder TDA9853H. Used for a digital mediation function FM radio in stereo decoding circuit after stereo encoding baseband signal by the chip feet into the first through the stereo decoder, de- tune, a voltage-controlled
NTE789 Stereo Multiplex Decoder
Figure 1 shows the block diagram for the NTE789. The input signal form the detector is amplified by a lowdistortion preamplifier and simultaneously applied to both signal, generated by a local voltagecontrolled oscillator (VCO), is counted down by two frequency dividers to a 38kHz signal and to two 19kHz pilottone supplied by the FM detector...
Rotary encoder with digital potentiometer
The circuit in Figure 1 represents an attempt to combine the best of both worlds: the simplicity of a rotary interface and the performance of a digital potentiometer.
Stereo Decoder Circuit
No description available.
Stereo Decoder for FM Tuner
No Description available.
co-decoder fits into 32-macrocell PLD
The decoder`s operation is more complicated than that of the encoder. A behavioral simulation (Figure 2) shows the internal signals that are involved in the decoding process. Note that the spike on the "cd" signal is not a true spike; it appears only in the behavioral simulation and disappears in postlayout simulation.
printer-port pin acts as an encoder output
The HT-12E is a CMOS IC. This encoder serially transmits data as defined by the state of the A0 to A7 and D0 to D3 input pints. On power-up, the DOUT pin is low. The HT-12E begins a 4-word transmission cycle on receipt of a transmission enable, or TE, signal, which is active low. The cycle repeats as long as the TE signal is low. When TE goes...
satellite-dish command decoder
Decoding this bit stream into ASCII hex values is an ideal job for a low-cost 8-bit microcontroller. Using a microcontroller with onboard flash memory, such as the NEC Electronics µPD78F9418A (www.necelam.com), eliminates the need for external memory. The only external components are a few discrete devices for the signal detector and the...
Receive Signal Decoders
The signal output by the radio control receiver is a form of PWM. This may be useful for driving servos, but is inconvenient for general electronic applications. Therefore, several of the circuits on this site convert this signal into a voltage first. This is performed by this circuit. It is not a project in its own right, just a building block...
Digital Encoder with PIC16F57
This encoder can transmit the state of up to 16 TTL digital inputs using an RF or infrared transmitter. When enabled, the included modulator automatically generates the 38kHz IR carrier. Containing a PIC microcontroller, the circuit is very flexible. You can decide which transmitter inputs will trigger a transmission. You can control the...
Surround Sound Decoder
The particular circuit does?t have the requirement to replace the trade decoders Surround, because this they have many more facilities and possibilities. It give however the possibility in many try with this article of decoding. The coding in Stereo Dolby Surround show the tendency to be abandoned and is replaced with digital DTS, Dolby 5.1...
Digital to Analog Circuits
Analog to Digital Circuits
Data Logging Circuits
Data Bus Circuits
Ultrasonic distance finder circuit
The circuit described here uses ultrasonic oscillations and operates based on the propagation velocity of these oscillations in the air. Thus, we can easily determine the distance of two points if the time within which the wave travels this distance is measured. There are three main categories of distance measurement methods in use: a) By...
Simple Metal detector circuit with CD4030
Sometimes the precious metals are hidden too deep and are not detected except with complicated devices. In many cases, however, small pieces of precious metal buried near the surface can be detected by relatively simple means. Everyone is very attractive to find something potentially valuable, hidden a few centimeters below the soil. So many...
Fully automatic watering circuit for flower pots
Many times for various reasons we forget or can not water the plants that we have in our homes. And many humidity sensors units just notify us with a beeping sound or with a flashing light, that the pot needs watering. But what if we are away from home? This circuit comes as a solution to this problem. Depending on humidity of the pot at...
Simple deep searching metal detector circuit
The principle behind a metal detector is really very simple. Proof of this is the circuit that follows, in which it proves that the construction of a metal detector can be done in the minute, with few components that we find very easily everywhere. With the circuit of this metal detector, it is possible to detect a metal coin in depth of 90 to...
Sub-Harmonic Bass Converter for Electric Guitars
The sub-harmonic bass generator is a sound producing unit for guitars. The sound it produces looks very much like that of the bass guitar. The octave generator is sometimes quite unusual since it does not produce any of the usual ways of coloring the sound, such as filtering or distortion. Instead, a frequency division system produces outputs...
Echo Depth Sounding Sonar for Boats
In the past the sounding (sea bottom measurement) was done with the "bullet", that is, with a heavy lead object that the seamen plucked into the sea hung from a calibrated rope. As soon as the "bullet" reached the bottom, the depth appeared directly from the calibration of the rope. This arrangement still exists in some yachts. The big...
100W HiFi Audio Amplifier Circuit
This Amplifier was designed to have the following specifications: Distortion less than 0.1% at full power of 100W even at 20KHz. Power has to be attributed to an extended bandwidth. The output transistors must be protected against short circuits. The power supply must be symmetrical so that no electrolytic capacitors are needed at the outlet....
Plant-Pot Water Level Indicator Circuit
A series of LEDs serve to alert the gardener when plants need water. Using two conventional digital integrated LEDs and a series of LEDs, we make a very useful device for gardening. The device detects the amount of water in the pot and alerts the grower. The circuit of the device is shown in Figure 2. The water detection is made from the bottom...
Analogue Sound Preasure dB-Meter Circuit
The best human ear can capture sounds from 20Hz to 20KHz. These limits are known to be the broadest that can exist. Normally the normal limits range from 100Hz to about 13KHz and depend on the age and health of the individual. We for our measurements and to have a good accuracy we will get the limits of 20Hz to 20KHz. A sound to be heard does...
DIY HV Variable Capacitor
DIY PMA Alternator Plans
Digital Signal Integrity