Vacuum Tubes Valves
Musical & effects
Yagi Uda Antennas
Metal Detector Circuits
Liquid Sensing Circuits
Light Sensing Circuits
Voltage Detector Circuits
Air-Gas Detection Circuits
Human Sensing Circuits
RF & Radiation
Optical Sensing Circuits
Free Energy Circuits
AC to DC & DC to DC
Solar Cell Circuits
Micro Power Circuits
Switching Power Supplies
Light Laser LED
Digital to Analog
Analog to Digital
Data Bus Circuits
Voltage to Pulse
Current to Voltage
Frequency to Voltage
RF Converter Circuits
Sine to Square Wave
Voltage to Current
voltage to frequency
Period to Voltage
Video Wall circuits
TV Video Circuits
Motor Control Circuits
8051 / 8052
PCB CAD Software
Car bike Circuits
555 Timer Circuits
Remote Control Toy
H Bridge Circuit
Interconnection & Timing
Digital Signal Integrity
Digital & Bipolars
Sensors & Detectors
Regulated Power Supply
4 Band Resistor
5 Band resistor
6 Band resistor
Light Laser LED Circuits
Large Lcd Display Buffering Driver Circuit
Large LCD devices of 1 or more exhibit a large driving capacitance to the driver circuits. To solve this problem, the drive circuit shown (see the figure) introduces a buffer amplifier for each of the three common lines. Each amplifier can be programmed independently for a quiescent current of 10, 100, or 1000 jllA. In this application, the...
The interface circuit of dot matrix LCD display
It is shown using the MCS-51 series single-chip interface circuit 8051. Chip SED13 35 dot matrix LCD display for the controller, which can control
8 digital LCD display driver circuit
Shows 8 digital tube display driver circuit, driven by the two ICM7211A, BCD / = binary data signal is sent to the BO-B3 ICM7211A end, select the digital signal divided into two groups were sent sentenced Dl ~ D4 end.
LCD series microprocessor circuit diagram of speech synthesis
The speech synthesis circuit embedded microprocessor series, LCD drivers, clock oscillator, input and output ports, memory and multi-voice audio signal
A voltage inverter circuit
Our programmable MP3 player has an interface to an LCD with a HD44780 controller. These are alphanumeric LCDs with one to 4 lines of text and 16 to 40 characters per line. However, these LCDs (and LCDs in general) exist in two varieties: those that require a positive LC-driving voltage and those that need a negative LC-driving voltage. The H0420...
Audio Spectrum Monitor
This is an evaluation use of a small graphics LCD module. Last summer, SG12232C graphic LCD module has been sold sold for 1500 Yens from Akizuki Denshi and I bought it. However I could not find good application for the LCD module and it was going to go to junk box :-) so that I tried to use the LCD module temporary. Only displaying any still...
Build a PIC controlled DDS VFO, 0 to 6 MHz
Almost any 2x16 character LCD module with Hitachi HD44780 controller chip will work. The LCD pin numbers on the schematic are not valid for all LCD modules. Please check the actual signal names on your particular LCD module. The selected DFCW frequency offset will be added to the output frequency when the DFCW input is grounded. This input has a...
Versatile digital speedometer uses few components
A speedometer measures a wheel`s rotational speed. Unlike conventional mechanical and moving-magnet designs that use analog moving-pointer displays, the electronic speedometer in this Design Idea features a digital readout and a power-saving device that uses few components. Figure 1 shows the digital speedometer`s circuit design. An Atmel AVR...
To program some AVR microcontroller unit (MCU) you will need an AVR programmer. The better way to do that, is to buy some development kit like STK-500. This kit have the advandage to give you serial port, LCD connector, SRAM socket, 8 switches, 8 LEDs, connectrors for all of the ports of MCU and more, to one board. I sugest to beginers, to...
Embedded processor directly drives LCD
Driving a bare LCD does not necessarily require specialized interface circuitry or peripherals. This Design Idea describes an alternative drive scheme, which you can easily implement using the general-purpose outputs of a microcontroller. Many embedded-system applications need to interact with a user by displaying simple numeric or alphanumeric...
Homebuilt RS232 LCD Interface
There is enough of poorly constructed RS232 alike TTL level interfaces (+5volt) , this one generates it`s own +/- 10..11volts as RS232 specs. require , and is able to use very long cables like RS232 can , and protects computer as well , nice in funny environment like inside a "MP3 in car" setup. There is plenty of ready RS232-Lcd controllers 4...
My GPS LCD Display Project
This is a project that I started back late 2003 when I just starting to learn PIC programming. I wanted to building something that actually did somthing useful. This project is based on a PIC16F84. I actually came up with this idea and then after doing some searching I found that a few people had the same idea. But, I wanted to build my own that...
Understanding Integrating ADCs
Integrating analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) provide high resolution analog-to-digital conversions, with good noise rejection. These ADCs are ideal for digitizing low bandwidth signals, and are used in applications such as digital multi-meters and panel meters. They often include LCD or LED drivers and can be used stand alone without a...
DTMF Tone Decoder
This project displays telephone numbers decoded from tones. A microphone picks up the tones, a preamplifier boosts the signals, an SSI-202 DTMF chip decodes the tones, a Basic Stamp acts as an interface to an LCD display and also provides "RS-232" serial output. If you`d like to build your own tone decoder "from scratch", read on: You might have...
Powering White LEDs in Series or Parallel Connections
White LEDs are popular for portable equipment LCD backlights because they are less complex, less expensive, and smaller than CCFL backlights. Portable equipment like PDAs, cellphones, and digital cameras require backlights because they are converting to color LCD displays. This article discusses charge-pump and inductor step-up converter...
White LED Driver Guarantees Matching LED Brightness
White LEDs are widely used in small LCD backlight applications for simplicity, high reliability and low cost. However, due to variations in the forward voltage drop of white LEDs, matching the brightness becomes a major design consideration for multiple LED applications. Since LED brightness is proportional to current rather than voltage,...
Processor`s PWM output controls LCD/LED driver
The circuit comprises simply the PWM source, capacitor C, and resistors RD and RW. For CMOS circuits, you calculate the open-circuit output voltage as VCONT=D½§VDD, where VCONT is the control circuit`s output voltage, D is the PWM duty cycle, and VDD is the logic-supply voltage. The control circuit`s output impedance is the sum of the...
White-LED driver backlights LCD and keypad
Figure 1 shows a method for driving all the LEDs with a single driver IC from Catalyst Semiconductor (www.catsemi.com), the CAT32. Power comes from a single lithium-ion battery cell. A FET switch can independently turn off the group of six LEDs. The shutdown input, , on the CAT32 turns off all the LEDs. LED brightness is a direct function of the...
Figure 1 shows a simple, cost-effective way of providing these bias voltages. A step-up regulator, IC1, forms the heart of the circuit. This regulator switches at a constant frequency of 1 MHz and a fixed duty cycle of 70%. IC1 steps up the input voltage to 5V by storing the energy in the inductor when the internal MOSFET, M1, is on and...
Circuit tests VCOM drivers
Flat-panel LCD monitors offer excellent image quality and more compact form factor than CRTshence, their steadily increasing popularity. Unfortunately, the complexity of their manufacturing process makes LCD monitors considerably more expensive than CRTs. The amplifier that drives VCOM, the voltage on the backplane of the LCD panel, must be able...
LCD Serial Terminal
This project is a self-contained serial terminal using a PIC16F84 microcontroller chip, an inexpensive LCD character display, a keypad, and very little else. It is full-duplex, meaning keypresses cause RS-232 output, and RS-232 input makes characters appear on the LCD. If you connect the RS-232 output to the input you can see the keys as you...
Triple 300MHz Amplifiers Drive Video and LCDs
With the advent of HDTV and DVD video, there is a renewed focus on RGB and color-difference component video to maximize picture quality. LCD displays have also entered the mainstream for high-end and portable computer displays. These applications often require high speed triple amplifiers for routing and conditioning video signals. With...
Interface LCD with ease
The circuit in Figure 1 saves I/O pins. It uses an 8051 µC, and only four I/O pins (P1.0 to P1.3) drive the LCD, instead of the 11 pins other displays require. Data transfers in a serial mode through the P1.0 port of the µC. The µC interfaces to Pin 2 of IC1, a 74HCT4094 8-bit shift register. Serial data advances on every clock pulse and...
Backlight Inverter for Desktop LCD Displays
Large LCD (liquid crystal display) displays designed to replace CRTs (cathode ray tubes) in desktop computer applications are becoming available. The LCDs reduced size and power requirements allow much smaller product size, a highly desirable feature.
Circuit provides effective LCD drive
The circuit in Figure 1 is an effective driver for LCDs. The circuit comprises two main sectionsthe ICM7211 drivers (IC2 and IC3) and the YN06 display itself (IC1). The Intersil (www.intersil.com) ICM7211 is a 4-bit LCD driver that needs no external components. It contains three basic sections: a reference signal-generator circuit, an input and...
Seven-segment LCD uses two-wire interface
You can connect seven-segment LCDs using only a two-wire interface (Figure 1). The two-wire interface may be at the field-effect, direct-drive LCD or at a serial interface (such as I2C) that uses an eight-pin microcontroller. The design in Figure 1 uses an Atmel (www.atmel.com) ATtiny12 microcontroller, IC1. VCC can range from 2.7 to 5.5V.
Efficient LCD Illumination
A practical 92% efficient LCD backlight design is a classic study of compromise in a transduced electronic system. Every aspect of the design is interrelated, and the physical embodiment is an integral part of the electrical circuit. The choice and location of the lamp, wires, display housing and other items has a major effect on electrical...
LCD Backlight Controller
The circuit in Figure 1 is a dual, grounded-lamp backlight inverter that operates from an input of 9V to 24V, delivers current from 0mA to 9mA per CCFL and has a dimming ratio greater than 100:1. The LT1768 in the circuit is a 350kHz fixed frequency, current mode, pulse width modulator that provides the lamp-current control function.
Negative Voltage Load Swtich
The idea is simply to turn off the negative voltage load. Some examples:- - Bias votlages for LCD panels - RF Amplifiers - Audio Amplifiers The good thing about this design is that i can make use of the system i/o voltage to control the on/off and this is the whole idea. However, there are many many type of load switches that turn of...
LED Driver with Integrated Switches & Schottky
Linear Technologys LT®3466 is a dual step-up converter capable of driving up to 20 white LEDs with a programmable constant current. The device is also capable of driving asymmetric LED strings with independent dimming and shutdown control for multipanel LCD backlight applications.
Model Railroad OdometerCar
The Car shows the distance a train travels on a 5 digit LCD display. The distance is indicated down to 1/100th of a mile (about the length of a 50 foot car) with an accuracy of approximately plus 2 percent using a standard 33 inch freight car wheel. Simply stated, the Odometer Car counts the number of revolutions of one of the axles,...
LCD & Keypad drive
No description available.
Light Sensing Circuits
Light Dimmer Circuits
255W Valve RF Transmitter circuit
This transmitter of 255W is depended on the coils we put at it to work in both the middle and the short waves. The power in the antenna is 255W and includes 4 states. The first consists of the EF80 that works as a COLLPITS CLAPP oscillator. Frequency selection is done in a somewhat unusual way: Instead of the variable capacitor, it uses a...
Arduino DAC Signal Generator project
Once the circuit gets current, all variables are initialized and the loop function is continually running. Initially all LEDs are off and there is no signal at the output. By pressing the signal switch, the first light that shows the most signal is at the output and the D0-D7 terminals give the appropriate signal which, when passing from the...
Recording circuit of phone conversations using PC
This circuit is used to record telephone conversations on your landline telephone. All you will need is this small circuit and subscription of your PC. There are few times when we forget what we said or told us. So we need recording. Sometime, not many years ago, recording of this kind of conversation was done with a small tape recorder. The...
FM Micro-Transmitter Bug Surveillance Circuit
The transmitter we recommend to build is quite simple. It can even be built by a beginner. However, unlike the ease of construction and its small size, it is almost certain that it will impress you with its outstanding performance. Its autonomy is 12-15 hours, with a 9 volt battery and its range is from 100 to 300 meters depending on the...
Construction of 50Watt 8Ω two-way Hi-Fi Speakers
The presented speakers are distinguished for their small dimensions and their extraordinary sound. Our home space is often limited and prohibitive for large speakers. This limitation does not mean that we will stay without high Sound Quality. Its design is simple, low cost and is easy to construct. Speaker types are too many and are designed in...
GSM modem circuit with Wavecom WMOi3
Modems are devices that connect either remote devices to a computer, or two or more computers to each other. Their connection is usually wired. The GSM modem we present is wireless. It can connect two computers, a computer with the internet or even be the central unit for a data acquisition system. Generally the construction is a GSM phone...
1W UHF Linear Amplifier with BLW33
This circuit is an amplifier for small transmitters operating in the UHF band, specifically in the 450-800MHz range. The amplifier works in class A and we used the well-known Philips BLW33 transistor for its manufacture. The construction, although simple, can be said to be quite critical due to the high frequency singularity. To achieve this, a...
8W Amplifier with TDA2003 circuit
Many times a small amplifier is needed to meet the needs of small spaces. This amplifier can be either mono or stereo, with this circuitry you can comfortably drive two small speakers. To build the amplifier you do not need anything but a few materials and a small power supply. The power of the amplifier, although low power, will solve many...
FM Linear Amplifier 400mW
This amplifier is intended for amplifying low signals from oscillators in the FM band. It does not have frequency regulators with variable capacitors and coils, it has a wide range and moderate power capable of driving several linear amplifiers. The whole construction is based on the two low-power 2N4427 transistors, which are designed for the...
Digital Signal Integrity
Interconnection and Timing of Digital Circuits
CMOS Circuits Tutorial
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